(b St Pölten, 4 June 1919). Austrian bass. He studied in St Pölten and Vienna, making his début in 1942 at Bucharest as Méphistophélès and Heinrich der Vogler (Lohengrin). Engaged at Innsbruck (1945), Zürich (1948) and Frankfurt (1960), he also sang at the Komische Oper, Berlin, and Deutsche Oper am Rhein. He made his British début in 1965 at Glyndebourne as Ochs, which was also his début role at the Vienna Staatsoper (1967), San Francisco (1971), the Metropolitan (1974) and Dallas (1982). He created the Vicar in von Einem’s Besuch der alten Dame (1971, Vienna). His repertory also included such roles as Osmin, Rocco, which he sang at La Scala (1978), Count Waldner (Arabella), the role of his Covent Garden début (1981), and La Roche (Capriccio), which he sang at Salzburg (1985) and Florence (1987). Jungwirth’s ripe, dark-coloured voice and comic talents were displayed to best advantage as Ochs, which he recorded with Solti.