Jablonski, Marek (Michael)

José, Antonio [Martínez Palacios, Antonio José]

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José, Antonio [Martínez Palacios, Antonio José]

(b Burgos, 12 Dec 1902; d Estépar, 8 Oct 1936). Spanish composer and conductor. He studied with the organists Julián García Blanco and José María Beobide Goiburu in Burgos. In 1920 the regional government of Burgos awarded him a scholarship to further his studies at the Madrid Conservatory for four years. He supplemented his income by conducting zarzuelas at the Teatro de la Latina and the Teatro Apolo, and by music copying. He worked as a music teacher at a Jesuit school in Miraflores de El Palo, Málaga (1925–9), and returned to Burgos in 1929 to conduct the revived choral society Orfeón Burgalés.

The final period of his life was dominated by his commitment to Burgos and its people. He was awarded the National Music Prize for his collections of folksongs from Burgos (1932) and was invited to present a paper on this subject at the Third Congress of the IMS (Barcelona, 1936). In the early days of the Civil War he was arrested by Falangists and imprisoned in Burgos. On 8 October 1936 he was driven to the nearby town of Estépar and shot, accused of being a Republican spy and Jewish sympathizer, and of inciting the people to revolt.

Antonio José's love of the folksong of his native region penetrated his entire output, from the series of Danzas burgalesas and the Sonata castellana for piano (which formed the basis for his Sinfonía castellana) to later choral and vocal works such as the Cinco coros castellanos and the Cuatro canciones populares burgalesas, and even his unfinished opera El mozo de mulas. Many of his works are based on literal quotations of popular melodies taken from Federico Olmeda's Cancionero de Burgos (1902) or on folksongs collected by the composer himself. Ravel is said to have referred to him as potentially the greatest Spanish composer of the 20th century.


(selective list)

Stage: La antesala de la gloria (sainete, A.G. Arbeo and E. Marceu), 1921; La memoria de Doctor Coronado (operetta), 1923–4; Minatchi (La aurora de un reino) (lyric drama), 1925; El mozo de mulas (op, 3, M.F. Fernández Núñez and L. Mateo), 1927–, unfinished [completed by A. Yagüe]; Marcha para soldados de plomo (ballet, E. de Ontañón), pf, orch, 1929 [completed by A. Yagüe]

Orch: Alla Haydn, 1923; Sinfonía castellana, 1923; Lamentación segunda, 1927; Evocaciones no.2, 1928; Suite ingenua, pf, str, 1928; Preludio y danza popular, 1934

Vocal: Ave María, 4 solo vv, org, 1917; Ave maris stella, 1v, org, 1917; Tantum ergo, 2 solo vv, org, 1917; Dulce cayado, 1v, chorus, org, 1918; Letanía lauretana, 1v, chorus, org, 1920; Mass, D, solo vv, orch/org, 1920; Himno de la Asociación de antiguos alumnos de San Antón, chorus, pf, 1922; Villancico, 1v, 5vv, org, 1923; Himno escolar, chorus, orch, 1924; La primavera, 1v, pf, 1924; Tota pulchra, T, B, org, 1924; Un suspiro de amor, 1v, pf, 1925; Elegía, T, org, 1926; A Beobide, chorus, org, 1926; A San Luis Gonzaga, 1v, chorus, org, 1926; 10 canciones burgalesas, 1926; Inmaculada, chorus, pf, 1927; Faro de amor (Gaspar G. Pintado), 1v, chorus, org, 1929; Ave María, lv, org, 1929; 4 canciones populares burgalesas, SATB, 1929; 3 cantigas de Alfonso X, 1v/chorus, pf, ?1929; Himno a Castilla, SATB, 1929; 5 coros castellanos, chorus, 1929–32; El divino Rey abandonado, 1v, org, 1930; El molinero (Canción burgalesa), S, orch/pf, 1932; Colección de cantos populares burgaleses, 1932; Romance de rosa fresca, SATB, ?1933; Himno al Valle de Valdivielso (G.G. Pintado), chorus, pf, 1933

Chbr and solo inst: Sonata, G, pf, 1917; Vals, A, pf, 1917; Variaciones, pf, 1918; El canto de dolor, pf, 1918; Ecos taurinos, pf/band, 1919; Hojas sueltas nos.1 and 2, pf, 1919; Danza de concierto, vn, pf/band, 1919; Preludio no.1, E, pf, 1920; Preludio no.2, G, pf/sextet, 1920; Danza de bufones, pf, 1920; Nocturno (Paisaje), pf, 1920; Sonata castellana, pf, 1920–22; Tiempo de tarantela, pf, 1921; Alla Haydn, pf, 1922; Danza burgalesa no.1, pf, 1922; El paso de la galante estudiantina, pf, 1922; La muñeca rota, pf, 1922; Canción escolar, pf, 1922; La case del gigante, pf, 1923; Danza burgalesa no.2, pf, 1923; Danza burgalesa no.3, pf, 1923; Sonata no.3 (Alla Clásica), pf, 1924; Sonata no.4 (Poema de la juventud), pf, 1924; Evocaciones (Cuadros de danza campesina), pf, 1925; Sonata gallega, pf, 1926; Romancillo infantil, gui, 1927–8; Improvisación, org, 1928; Danza burgalesa no.4, pf, 1928; Sonata, gui, 1933

Arrs. for chorus

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