J. P. Morgan Vertical & horizontal integration John D. Rockefeller The "New" South "Craft" vs. "Industrial" workers Push/pull factors of immigration



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Chapter 17 – The Busy Hive: Industrial America at Work, 1877-1911

Andrew Carnegie Steel & Coal Innovations Railroad Boom

J.P. Morgan Vertical & horizontal integration John D. Rockefeller

The “New” South “Craft” vs. “Industrial” workers Push/pull factors of immigration

Changing demographics of immigration Chinese & the West Chinese Exclusion Act

Great Strike of 1877 The Grangers (Patrons of Husbandry) Knights of Labor

Haymarket Square Affair Interstate Commerce Act Samuel Gompers & AFL


  1. What changes impacted corporations and workers in the late 19th and early 20th century?

  2. How did American workers respond to the rise of industrialization?

  3. What roles did newly arrived immigrants play in the economy during this time?



Chapter 18 The Victorians Meet the Modern, 1880-1917

Women in Higher Education Booker T. Washington/Tuskegee Institute “Cult of Masculinity/Domesticity” “New Woman”/Gibson Girl Early Environmentalism/Preservation Public vs. Private Sphere

Department store/consumerism Feminism WCTU/Frances Willard

Social Darwinism Eugenics movement Social Gospel movement





  1. How did the public activities of women in American society change between 1880 and 1917?

  2. How did modernity alter Victorian values and behavior in the U.S.?



Chapter 19The Rise & Reform of Industrial Cities, 1880-1917

Urbanization “Street Car” Suburbs “Skyscrapers”

Ethnic Enclaves (“ghettos”) Dumbbell Tenement Vaudeville, Ragtime &Nickelodeons

Yellow Journalism Jacob Riis & How the Other Half Lives Muckrakers

Political machines Tammany Hall George Washington Plunkitt

Boss Tweed Political corruption The Jungle & Consumer Protection

“Social Housekeeping” Jane Addams & Hull House Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire


  1. What enabled American cities to grow so dramatically during the 19th century?

  2. How did class structure, ethnicity, and gender affect urban political affairs?

  3. Why did so many reform initiatives emerge in large cities? What were some of those reforms, and what was their political impact?


Chapter 20 Politics, Populists, & Progressives, 1880-1917

Party Politics in 1880s Patronage & Graft Religion, Ethnicity & Political “Machines”

Pendleton Act Sherman Anti-Trust Act Populists/People’s Party

Omaha Platform “Free Silver” vs. “Sound Money” Election of 1896

Literacy Test, Grandfather Clause & Poll Tax Plessy v. Ferguson

Jim Crow laws “Teddy” Roosevelt Square Deal

Progressivism 1902 Coal Strike Muller v. Oregon/”Brandeis brief”

Niagara Movement Ida B. Wells W.E.B. DuBois & “Talented Tenth”

NAACP Robert La Follette Hiram Johnson (California)

Woodrow Wilson Primaries, Initiatives & Recalls Industrial Workers of the World (IWW)

Federal Reserve Act Louis Brandeis Election of 1912/Bull Moose Party

Federal Trade Commission Clayton Anti-Trust Act 16th & 17th Amendments




  1. Reformers in the Progressive Era came from different backgrounds and represented several distinct interests. What were some of those backgrounds and interests? How did their goals differ?

  2. In what ways did the political structure in the South change after 1877? How were blacks gradually disenfranchised?

  3. What factors account for Woodrow Wilson’s victory in 1912? How did the reofmrs achieved under Wilson differ from those passed during Theodore Roosevelt’s presidency?

  4. What grassroots reform movements emerged during this period? What were their goals, and how successfully did they realize them? What factors explain the limits of progressive reform during this era?



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