12. What accounts for the stratification in the camp? How is this ironic in light of the “crimes” that placed many of the prisoners in the camp?
13. Who will and will not survive the camp and why?
14. Which of his fellow zeks does Shukhov trust? Why?
15. Why does Shukhov take such pride in his work? What are the rewards of this ethic and who shares it with him?
16. What qualities makes Tiurin such a good leader? Give specific examples of his leadership skills.
17. The 104th squad has a reputation for spirit. Shukhov tells us what does not cause this spirit. What does cause it?
18. Which of the zeks would you choose to be in your squad? Why?
19. Compare and contrast Shukhov’s and Fetiukov’s drive to survive.
20. Make a visual representation of all things that try to keep Shukhov down (i.e. people, rules, conditions, personal expectations, etc.). Show how he is able to keep his independent spirit.
21. Make a survival guide for new prisoners at the camp.
22. Compare Gopchik and Buinovsky’s ability to adapt to the conditions in the camp.
23. Which of the prisoners would have developed friendships outside of the camp? What would have been the basis for these friendships?
24. Chart each squad members’ position of importance in the squad. What accounts for that placement? Who ultimately decides each member’s position? How can individuals change their positions within the squad?
25. How is personal pride or dignity linked to material wealth within the camp? Is material wealth the only means of preserving personal pride or dignity? Why or why not? Explain how those prisoners who have maintained their personal pride or dignity have accomplished this.
26. Shukhov believes that personal pride or dignity is necessary for long term survival. Give specific examples that defend or refute his belief.
27. Identify the prejudices Shukhov has about other ethnic groups. How does this affect his working relationships with them? How do his prejudices correspond with prejudices in your world?
28. Under what circumstances do the ethnic differences in the novel seem to disappear?
29. The communist government in the former Soviet Union came to power under the banner of equality. What does Shukhov’s imprisonment (and the entire gulag system) say about the fate of the movement?
30. Identify and discuss the prisoners who were corrupted by power given to them by the institution.