Islamic Contributions and Achievements

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The Islamic capital of Cordova was described by a contemporary as the "jewel of the world." The Islamic school and universities were preferred by European scholars such as Abelard and Roger Bacon. Philip Hitti describes Cordova in Capital Cities of Arab Islam (University of Minnesota Press, 1973).

Beside the university library, Arab statisticians assure us the city boasted 37 libraries, numberless bookstores, 800 public schools . . . and a total population of 300,000. Its people enjoyed a high standard of living and refinement and walked on paved streets . . . --- all this at a time when hardly a town in Europe, Constantinople excepted, counted more than a few thousand inhabitants. Parisians and Londoners were still trudging on muddy, dark alleys . . .

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