Islamic Contributions and Achievements

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Islamic Contributions and Achievements

Muslim scholars were influenced by Greek, Roman and Indian culture. Many ideas were adopted from these people and formed the basis of Muslim scholarship that reached its height

during the post-classical era. Muslim achievements have had a lasting impact on the world. The following documents are related to these Muslim achievements. Examine each document and answer the accompanied questions. Keep in mind the larger question-
What were the most important contributions Islam made to civilization?
Document 1

This excerpt from the textbook World History: Patterns of Interaction (Beck, Black, Naylor, Shabaka. Evanston, IL: McDougal Littell, 1999), explains why Muslims both preserved existing knowledge and extended it.

Muslims had practical reasons for supporting the advancement of science. Rulers wanted qualified physicians treating their ills. The faithful . . . relied on mathematicians and astronomers to calculate the times of prayer and the direction of Mecca . . . Their attitude reflected a deep-seated curiosity about the world and a quest for truth that reached back to . . . Muhammad himself. After the fall of Rome in A.D. 476, Europe entered a period of upheaval and chaos, an era in which scholarship suffered . . . In the early 800's . . . the House of Wisdom opened in Baghdad. There, scholars of different cultures and beliefs worked . . . translating texts from Greece, India, Persia, and elsewhere into Arabic.

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