Ireland Study the map of Ireland, find these places and write them in your empty map: water



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Ireland
Study the map of Ireland, find these places and write them in your empty map:

water: the Atlantic Ocean, the Celtic Sea, the North Channel, the Irish Sea, the St. George`s Channel, the Donegal Bay, the Shannon River (the longest river), Lough Corrib (the largest lake)

islands: Aran Island, Achill Island

provinces: Ulster (Northern Ireland), Munster, Leinster, Connaught

cities: Dublin, Cork, Waterford, Galway, Limerick

the largest mountain: Carrantuohill (1041 m)
Facts and figures

Official name: the Republic of Ireland, Eire (in Gaelic)

Nickname: the Emerald Isle

Capital: Dublin (Baile Atha Cliath)

Area: 84.000sq km

Number of provinces: 3, number of counties: 26

Population: 4 million

Religious groups: Catholics (Church of Ireland), Protestants

Official languages: Irish Gaelic, English

Flag: three vertical stripes: green symbolizes the Catholics, white symbolizes the need for peace between the two religions, orange symbolizes the Protestants

Form of government: parliamentary democracy

Head of state: President , elected for 7 years, adviced by the Council of State

Head of government: Prime Minister

Legislative power: National Parliament, two houses: House of Representatives, Senate

A controversial political party: Sinn Fein, supports IRA

Currency: Irish pound, 100 pence

Agriculture: beef, dairy products

Industry: Irish linen, Irish whisky, tourism, light engineering, synthetic fibres, electronics
Climate: temperate with mild winters and cool summers, heavy rainfall in all seasons, most of the soil is rich and fertile, suitable for farming and cattle breeding, in some areas layers of peat (rašelina)

Landscape: central plain ringed by low mountains in the west and south and by lowlands in the east

Traditional Irish music: melodic, rhythmic, played in pubs, typical instruments: pipes, flutes, drum, violin

Famous drinks: Guinness, Irish Whisky

Irish writers: Jonathan Swift, Oscar Wilde, G. B. Shaw, James Joyce, Samuel Becket
St. Patrick

born in England in about 385, kidnapped and brought to Ireland as a slave, forced to work as a shepherd, after 6 years managed to escape, went to France, studied religion, Pope appointed him bishop, came back to Ireland and spread Christianity, founded churches and monasteries, wore green gown, symbol - shamrock



St. Patrick`s Day

celebrated on 17th March – day when St. Patrick died, everybody has to wear something green, celebrated all over the world by Irish emigrants, first American celebration 1737 in Boston, since 1962 tradition of colouring the river Chicago green, later celebration moves from St. Patrick to the celebration of coming spring



in Dublin half a million people march in the streets, play traditional Irish music, go to pubs, drink green Guinness, have a shamrock painted on their faces or sewn on their clothes – should bring good luck
History

Match the dates and events:

date

event

???

wise Druids were the first inhabitants

300 BC

Ireland was conquered by the Celts from France, they brought Gaelic language, established tribal kingdoms

432 AD

Patrick, a priest, later known as St. Patrick, the patron saint of Ireland, spreads Christianity, founds churches and monasteries, teaches people to read and write, to explain the Holy Trinity he uses the shamrock which became Ireland`s national symbol

17th March ??? (461-492)

Patrick died, was buried in Downpatrick, later celebrated as St. Patrick`s Day

5th – 8th century

the golden era of Irish culture: literature, music (fiddles and whistles), schools, monasteries

8th – 10th century

the Vikings invaded Ireland, prosperity changed to oppression, troubles and injustice

12th century

the Norman conquest, under Henry II Ireland became the first English colony

1541

Henry VIII declared himself King of Ireland, confiscated lands and imposed Protestant religion on the country, religious persecution of the Catholics began

1801

the Act of Union, Ireland came under direct British rule, Catholics were not allowed to sit in the Parliament

1840s

the Great Potato Famine, lasted four years, 4 million people died or emigrated mainly to North America

1899

the Sinn Fein (We Ourselves) movement started in Ireland, at first only passive resistance to British rule, later it organized an army of volunteers called the Irish Republican Army (IRA)

1916

an armed rebellion of the IRA in Dublin was put down, but brought some political changes

1921 (1922)

the Irish Free State came to existence (dominion status), whereas Ulster remained part of the United Kingdom

1949

the state was renamed the Republic of Ireland and left the Commonwealth

1973

Ireland became the member of the European Union


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