C. A pervasive characteristic of the world’s dry areas is an enormous daily temperature range.
D. An example of an area exhibiting the BW climate type is the central Sahara.
E. B climates occur in Australia.
28. Which of the following statements about “D” climates is incorrect?
A. They are sometimes referred to as “snow climates.”
B. They are most frequently found within the interior of large landmasses.
*C. D climates are more common in the Southern Hemisphere than the Northern Hemisphere.
D. Some of the world's most productive soils are found in areas with D climates.
E. Parts of the northeastern United States have a D climate.
29. The prevailing climatic type in the southeastern United States, Western Europe, southern Brazil and northern Argentina, south coastal South Africa and Australia, eastern China and southern Japan is the mid-latitude or:
*A. humid temperate B. semiarid moderate C. humid cold
D. dry winter subtropical E. dry summer savanna
Regions and Cultures 30. Which of the following statements is incorrect?
*A. Most cultural traits are inherited.
B. Religion, politics and legal institutions are all components of culture.
C. Culture includes all forms of human behavior.
D. The composite of human imprints on the earth's surface is called the “cultural landscape.”
E. All of the above are correct.
31. Which statement below best characterizes the concept of culture?
A. A civilized pattern of behavior, including an appreciation of serious music and good food.
*B. Learned patterns of thought and behavior characteristic of a population or society.
C. An expression of the artistic qualities in a nation, such as painting and other fine arts.
D. A combination of habits relating to the human body, including washing, eating methods,
E. None of the above are related to the concept of culture.
Realms of Population 32. Which of the following is not one of the world’s three largest population concentrations?
E. in areas where boundaries had already been drawn by royal decree
40. The European state model includes all of the following except:
A. a clearly and legally defined territory
B. a population governed from a capital city
C. a representative government
*D. a high level of urbanization
Patterns of Development 41. The second world:
A. is comprised of UDCs only
B. is comprised of the poorest countries
C. is the capitalist world
D. contains countries considered by the World Bank to be candidates for economic slow down
*E. is the socialist world
42. The World Bank divides the world into four groups. Which of the following is not one of those groups?
A. high income countries B. upper middle income countries
C. lower middle income countries
D. low income countries *E. urbanized countries
The Regional Framework 43. Which of the following is not contained within the European realm?
A. The Alps B. Scandinavia C. Iceland
*D. the old Russian portion of the Soviet Union E. England
44. Which of the following countries constitutes a geographic realm in its entirety?
A. Australia B. India *C. Russia
D. United States E. Africa
45. The islands of the Caribbean Sea belong to which of the following realms:
A. North America *B. Middle America C. South America
D. Subsaharan Africa E. Europe
46. Which of the following regions is not located in the Southwest Asia/North Africa realm?
A. the Middle East *B. the Ganges Valley C. the Sahara Desert
D. the Maghreb E. Egypt
47. Indochina is a part of:
A. the South Asian realm *B. mainland Southeast Asia
C. China's territory acquired since World War II D. Polynesia
48. Micronesia and Melanesia:
A. are two subregions of Black Africa
B. exhibit a high degree of culture uniformity
C. belong to the same geographic realm as Japan and Korea
*D. consist of island rather than continental territory
E. are located in the Indian Ocean
Global Interaction 49. The gradual reduction of regional contrasts resulting from increasing cultural, economic, political, and other types of exchanges is known as:
A. regional disparities B. cores C. peripheries
D. advantages *E. globalization
50. Iconography is:
A. a feature of globalization *B. special unifying symbols and traditions of a region C. a cartographic technique D. the opposite of the spatial perspective E. representative of the central business district throughout the world
The Perspective of Geography 51. Which of the following is a systematic subfield of geography?
A. regional geography B. cartography C. anthropology
*D. urban geography E. sociology
52. The two perspectives on geography are:
A. regional and global B. cartography and statistics C. urban and rural
True-False Geographic Perspectives 1. Geography is concerned with providing a spatial perspective on the world. (T)
Realms and Regions 2. A classification system is known as a taxonomy. (T)
3. Transition zones mark the place where geographic realms meet. (T)
4. A region marked by homogeneity is known as a formal region. (T)
5. Besides location, a region must also have area. (T)
6. A region need not possess the geographic property of location. (F)
7. Relative location has less relevance in geography than absolute location. (F)
8. A region arranged around a central urban core is known as a functional region. (T)
Regions at Scale 9. Map scale is the ratio of the distance between two places on a map and the actual distance between those two places on the Earth’s surface. (T)
10. A small scale map shows a large area. (T)
The Physical Setting 11. Alfred Wegener developed the hypothesis of continental drift. (T)
12. Pangaea is the name of Wegener’s supercontinent. (T)
13. Deserts are found on the western sides of the continents. (T)
14. The D climates are humid cold climates. (T)
15. More than 70 percent of the Earth’s surface is ocean. (T)
16. In the Köppen Geiger scheme, the world's drier climates are largely grouped under the letter A. (F)
17. In general, the eastern coasts of continents in tropical and mid-latitude zones receive relatively high precipitation. (T)
18. Highland (H) climates closely resemble the cold polar (E) climates. (T)
Regions and Cultures 19. Culture is totally genetically predetermined; it is completely instinctive. (F)
20. Carl O. Sauer developed a school of cultural geography that had the concept of cultural landscape as its focus. (T)
21. A cultural landscape consists of a composite of human imprints on the surface of the Earth. (T)
Realms of Population 22. Megalopolis is a multi-metropolitan agglomeration in the eastern United States. (T)
23. The world’s population is now almost 4 billion in total size, and is expected to be about 4.2 billion by the year 2010. (F)
24. Southeast Asia does not rank among the world’s four largest population agglomerations. (T)
The great majority of the people of East Asia are concentrated in the great cities including Beijing (Peking) and Shanghai. (F)
26. The three largest population agglomerations in the world today all lie on a single landmass: Eurasia. (T)
27. More than 50 percent of the world’s population now resides in urban areas. (F)
Realms, Regions, and States 28. The European state model is gaining ground in the aftermath of the collapsed colonial and communist empires. (T)
29. A state constitutes a political region. (T)
Patterns of Development 30. UDC refers to underdeveloped countries. (T)
31. In UDCs, families spend a large portion of their income on food. (T)
32. First world countries are capitalist countries. (T)
33. The gap between advantaged and disadvantaged states in the world is growing. (T)
34. Colonies were places from which European powers obtained raw materials and to which they sold finished products. (T)
The Regional Framework 35. Middle and South America together are sometimes called “Latin” America. (T)
36. The islands of the Caribbean Sea belong to the South American realm. (F)
37. Australia is included as part of the same region as Indonesia because of the cultural similarities. (F)
38. The Subsaharan African realm includes the entire continent of Africa. (F)
Matching 39. A type of region marked by a certain degree of homogeneity in one or more phenomena (A)
40. The dissolving and downward transport of soil nutrients by percolating water (C)
41. Poor, have-not, or disadvantaged countries (D)
42. A type of region marked by movement in or out of a node (B)
43. The “language” of geography (E)
44. India (B)
45. China (E)
46. World’s largest country in area (A)
47. Caribbean islands (D)
48. Muslim culture (C)
B. South Asia
C. Southwest Asia/North Africa
D. Middle America
E. East Asia
Fill Ins 49. The ___________ region, also known as the nodal region, is marked not by an internal sameness, but by its dynamic internal structuring. (Functional)
50. Uniform cultural regions characterized by internal homogeneity are classified as _____ regions. (Formal)
51. The ratio of distance on a map to actual ground distance is known as that map’s ______. (Scale)
52. Desert and steppe climates belong to the Köppen Geiger class included under the letter ______. (B)
53. The world’s population is approximately _____ billion in size. (6)
54. The realm consisting of two of the largest urbanized and industrialized countries is ___. (North America)
55. The largest country in population size of the South Asian realm is ______. (India)
56. The art and science of making and interpreting maps is called _________. (Cartography)