At National level Member States and Associated Countries should promote Gold and/or Green Open Access in line with the Commission’s 2012 Recommendation on access to and preservation of scientific information (covering both scientific publications and research data)5. In particular, they should ensure the further implementation of open access to scientific publications by the most appropriate means in their own research environment.
Member States and Associated Countries should encourage their RFOs to exchange information and good practices during the transition to open access.
Member States and Associated Countries should consider aligning and coordinating their negotiations with scientific publishers on reasonable subscription fees and Article Process Charges (APCs) to support a transition to new and more balanced business models.
Member States and Associated Countries should also facilitate the development of certified repositories for Green Open Access and stimulate self-archiving.
Member States and Associated Countries should foster synergies with the fora and working groups of other multilateral organisations such as the OECD, G8, UN and UNESCO in order to advance the implementation of open access in the international environment.
At National and European levels the European Commission and Member States could consider adopting an Open Science approach on selected common societal challenges under Horizon 2020 (See also Priority 2a)
At European level the European Commission should continue to contribute to open access by including appropriate incentives in the rules, standards and priorities of Horizon 2020, including in the Model Grant Agreements.