European-scale impact is dependent on effective action in individual Member States and Associated Countries. The 2014 ERA Progress Report acknowledges that the case for knowledge transfer is broadly accepted in all countries, but more needs to be done, particularly on the implementation of policies and provision of incentives. Success does not, however, require all countries to implement uniform institutional structures.
At National level, Member States/Associated Countries should promote effective knowledge transfer mechanisms in their RPOs with suitable supporting measures to encourage this. In particular RPOs should be actively motivated to establish policies and procedures for the management of Intellectual Property.
Member States/Associated Countries should develop indicators to quantify the economic and social impact of knowledge transfer policies as part of their national policy environment (see Priority 1).
Member States/Associated Countries should promote networking, sharing of know-how and good practices (both national and trans-national) between RPOs and with the private sector. Inter-sectoral mobility as highlighted in Priority 3 is relevant in this context.
Steps should be taken:
to further professionalise Intellectual Property management and the negotiation of collaborative and contract research at HEIs and other PROs,
to strengthen collaborative research between public and private research performers.
At European level, the IP Recommendation and Code of Practice should be reviewed. Knowledge transfer is becoming a much broader concept and new aspects such as open innovation and co-creation need to be taken into account.
The “European Research Area Guidelines on Intellectual Property (IP) Management in International Research Collaboration Agreements between European and Non-European Partners” should be promoted in international cooperation. See also Priority 6.