Introduction: This project locates and documents primary and secondary sources that relate to young people (age 9-20) of the 19

Download 143.96 Kb.
Size143.96 Kb.
1   2   3

Key Ideas and Details

  • RH.6-8.1. Cite specific textual evidence to support analysis of primary and secondary sources.

  • RH.6-8.2. Determine the central ideas or information of a primary or secondary source; provide an accurate summary of the source distinct from prior knowledge or opinions.

  • RH.6-8.3. Identify key steps in a text’s description of a process related to history/social studies (e.g., how a bill becomes law, how interest rates are raised or lowered).

Craft and Structure

  • RH.6-8.4. Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including vocabulary specific to domains related to history/social studies.

  • RH.6-8.5. Describe how a text presents information (e.g., sequentially, comparatively, causally).

  • RH.6-8.6. Identify aspects of a text that reveal an author’s point of view or purpose (e.g., loaded language, inclusion or avoidance of particular facts).

Integration of Knowledge and Ideas

  • RH.6-8.7. Integrate visual information (e.g., in charts, graphs, photographs, videos, or maps) with other information in print and digital texts.

  • RH.6-8.8. Distinguish among fact, opinion, and reasoned judgment in a text.

  • RH.6-8.9. Analyze the relationship between a primary and secondary source on the same topic.

Technology Skills

  • Using a historical Data base

  • Judging reliable information sources on the internet

  • Using a wiki/ Blog to collaborate with classmates and record new learning

  • Produce electronic publications

  • Continued practice on productivity tools

Adapt this activity for photographs as communication/ Examining primary sources using photos for our class and our historical groups.

Published on Teaching Tolerance (

Home > Using Photographs to Teach Social Justice: Exploring Identity

Source URL:





Luther M. Feeger Collection on Early Canals, Railroads and the National Road 1953 Pal Item Housed in WCHM

Indiana Settlement Maps Collection Indiana Historical Society

See annotated Bibliography

For collection of primary and secondary sources.

Conestoga Wagon display WCHM

Locks on the Ohio overcoming the physical barriers to the West


Jeremiah Cox II memoir

Newspapers and advertisements encourage “boosterism” for Indiana Towns and Cities

Steve Martin collection Settlement of Richmond Series in the Pal-Item 2008

Moving west through Indiana


The Crosley Story: Farm Implements to Cars to Refrigerators-changing products for changing times

from WCHM


Tradebooks and movies to use

Dragon’s Gate Lawrence Yep uses the lively storytelling techniques of his "Dragon" fantasy-adventure novels to re-create a stirring historical event-here, the construction of the transcontinental railroad. Serpent's Children (1984) and Mountain Light (1985, both HarperCollins) described the political and natural disasters that led to widespread famine in 19th-century Southern China. Cassia and Foxfire, the "Serpent's Children," came from a long line of revolutionaries. Foxfire followed his dreams across the sea to the "Golden Mountain," California, where he earned enough money to revitalize his village. Dragon's Gate opens in China with Foxfire making a triumphant visit home. Otter, Cassia's adopted son, who tells the story, worships his uncle and longs to follow him back to the Golden Mountain. Granted his wish at last, Otter finds Foxfire working on "Snow Tiger," a mountain in the Sierra Nevada range, where Chinese laborers strive to hew a tunnel through solid rock. Appalled by the living conditions and disillusioned with his uncle, Otter must struggle to survive racial prejudice, cold, starvation, the foreman's whip, and the dangers of frostbite and avalanche while trying to reconcile his ideals and dreams with harsh reality, and to find his place in a strange land. Combining believable characters with thrilling adventure, Yep convinces readers that the Chinese railroad workers were indeed men to match the towering mountains of the west. Because the first few chapters, set in China, may be a bit confusing to children who have not read the previous two books, this will likely need booktalking.

The Traitor – Lawrence Yep Grade 6-9-This novel, based on a true event, tells the story of two young teens who live in Rock Springs, WY, in 1885 when animosity between American and Chinese miners reaches its peak. Born in the U.S. of Chinese parents, Joseph Young considers himself an American, but both communities see him as only Chinese. Michael Purdy is an "outsider" because of his illegitimate birth. The boys meet when Michael escapes hounding by bullies and hides in a cave outside of town where Joseph is fossil hunting. In chapters that alternate between the two well-developed characters, the book describes their growing friendship despite the escalating trouble between the Chinese and the "Westerners" who blame the newcomers for their economic hardships and march on Chinatown in a rampage. Though the narrative leading up to the massacre and its aftermath is perhaps a bit too long, Yep does a good job portraying the rampant prejudice, and he does not sugarcoat the horrifying violence, told from Michael's point of view. In stark contrast to the inhumanity he sees in the streets, his mother acts humanely in spite of her negative view of the Chinese. This series entry adds another chapter to the tale of the Young family, who came to America from Kwangtung, China, and sheds needed light on a shameful, but forgotten, event in American history.

The Devil’s Paintbox Orphans Aiden and Maddy, 15 and 13, are starving on what's left of their parents' drought-devastated ranch in Kansas, 1866. When a gruff yet likable trail guide, Jefferson J. Jackson, shows up, Aiden indentures himself as a logger in exchange for their passage to a new life in the Pacific Northwest via wagon train. What ensues is a harrowing journey across the continent during which Aiden is not only physically challenged but also beset by personal tragedy and moral conflict involving a group of Nez Perce Indians. The plot ultimately revolves around his interaction with his Native friend, Tupic, and the tribe's quest to get the vaccine for the smallpox virus, or "the devil's paintbox." This carefully researched novel describes actual historical events, such as the Sand Creek massacre, and includes an author's note about the controversy over whether or not Native Americans were deliberately infected with the virus. References to abortion, alcohol, and drug use (such as opium and laudanum), and a brief encounter with a prostitute, make this a vivid yet still teen-friendly read depicting the harsh realities of frontier life. The interactions between Aiden and Tupic, though somewhat unlikely, are fascinating as are the descriptions of life in an early lumber camp. This action-packed novel has all the elements of a good Western, including lively fight scenes and a main character who becomes a rugged individualist, risking life and limb for a cause he believes in. Fans of wilderness survival stories or adventure sagas will appreciate it most.—Madeline J. Bryant, Los Angeles Public Library

Pioneer Girl by Andrea Warren is the true story of Grace McCance Snyder. In 1885, when Grace was three, she and her family became homesteaders on the windswept prairie of central Nebraska. They settled into a small sod house and hauled their water in barrels. Together they endured violent storms, drought, blizzards, and prairie fires. Despite the hardships and dangers, Grace loved her life on the prairie. Weaving Grace’s story into the history of America’s heartland, award-winning author Andrea Warren writes not just of one spirited girl but of all the children who homesteaded with their families in the late 1800s, sharing the heartbreaks and joys of pioneer life.

Richmond Explosion Memoir links in the My Story section help build a local connection to adolescent change

Steven Stowe- Indiana University Making Sense of letters and diaries

Published online July 2002. Cite as: Steven Stowe, "Making Sense of Letters and Diaries," History Matters: The U.S. Survey Course on the Web,, July 2002.

Little turtle talks about his people being moved off the land in the Treaty of Greenville

Black hawk Remembers- first native American autobiography

Guest speaker: Immigrant experiences –

Maybe Brenda Buchner’s daughter: Immigrated from Puru as a girl.???

Steve Martin: Feature Article Writer

Connie Wooldridge : Biographer Storytelller

Web resources Annotated bibliography- still needs to be formatted

Journeys West

Helps students examine the motivations of people who traveled west during the 1800s, as well as the conditions they encountered, the conflicts between settlers and native people, and policies of the federal government. Students interpret first person narratives and choose a role for in-depth study -- a gold miner, fur trader, pioneer family, Native American, or explorer. (Library of Congress)

History Matters

is a gateway to web resources and threaded discussions for high school and college teachers of U.S. history survey courses. It presents first-person narratives about the experiences of ordinary Americans from 1876 to 1946, interactive exercises, a monthly quiz, student work on the web, ways of linking the past with current issues, and annotated syllabi that present approaches to teaching using new technology. (George Mason University, National Endowment for the Humanities)

Pioneering the Upper Midwest: Books from Michigan, Minnesota, and Wisconsin, 1820-1910

portrays the states of Michigan, Minnesota and Wisconsin from the 17th to the early 20th century through first-person accounts, biographies, promotional literature, local histories, ethnographic and antiquarian texts, and colonial archival documents. This collection depicts the land and its resources, the experience of Natives, pioneers and missionaries, soldiers and reformers, as well as the growth of local communities and cultures. (Library of Congress)

Westward Expansion: Links to the Past

Lesson Overview

Students use documents from California As I Saw It: First Person Narratives, 1849-1900, in American Memory to create a script depicting the motivations, expectations, fears, and realizations of immigrants who settled California between 1849 and 1900. The finished product will be a script containing links to illustrative written materials, images, and sound files from the Library of Congress online collections.

"California as I Saw It:" First-Person Narratives of California's Early Years, 1849-1900 consists of the full texts and illustrations of 190 works documenting the formative era of California's history through eyewitness accounts. The collection covers the dramatic decades between the Gold Rush and the turn of the twentieth century. It captures the pioneer experience; encounters between Anglo-Americans and the diverse peoples who had preceded them; the transformation of the land by mining, ranching, agriculture, and urban development; the often-turbulent growth of communities and cities; and California's emergence as both a state and a place of uniquely American dreams.

Illustration VII: Emigrants Crossing the Plains. Photocopy of engraving by H.B. Hall, Jr. after drawing by F.O.O. Darley. Copyrighted by D. Appleton & Co., 1869. Lot 11505. #LC-USZ62-730

  • Title: [Sylvester Rawding family in front of sod house, north of Sargent, Custer County, Nebraska]

  • Creator(s): Butcher, Solomon D. (Solomon Devore), 1856-1927, photographer

  • Date Created/Published: [1886]

  • Medium: 1 photographic print : albumen.

  • Summary: Photograph shows (from l. to r.) Emma (Leadbetter) Rawding, Sylvester W. Rawding, daughter Bessie, and sons Philip, William, and Harry, sitting and standing in front of their sod house, with a mule team on the right, and a cow on the hillside that forms part of the roof.

  • Reproduction Number: LC-DIG-ppmsca-08372 (digital file from original photo) LC-USZ62-8276 (b&w film copy neg.)

  • Rights Advisory: No known restrictions on publication.

  • Call Number: LOT 3026 [item] [P&P]

  • Repository: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA

  • Notes:

    • Title devised by Library staff.

    • 313 inscribed on negative lower right.

The miners pioneer ten commandments of 1849--Scenes when crossing the plains in 1849

  • Digital ID: (digital file from original print) pga 01872

  • Reproduction Number: LC-DIG-pga-01872 (digital file from original print) LC-USZC4-5250 (color film copy transparency) LC-USZ62-736 (b&w film copy neg.)

  • Repository: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA

  • Title: Mormon pioneers about to enter Salt Lake Valley, July 24, 1847

  • Date Created/Published: c1912.

  • Medium: 1 photographic print.

  • Summary: Reenactment of Mormons traveling by wagon train.

  • Reproduction Number: LC-USZ62-113102 (b&w film copy neg.)

  • Call Number: SSF - Mormons and Mormonism--Utah--1847 [P&P] [P&P]

  • Notes:

    • J175413 U.S. Copyright Office.

Westward by Sea: A Maritime Perspective on American Expansion, 1820-1890

Click here to see the full text of this document.
Click here to view the images of this document using the page image viewer.

Maxson, Maud, Letter, 1870, June 25-Aug. 25.

Maxson, Maud, 1870.

Letter from Maud Maxson to her mother, Mrs. Arthur L.Maxson, Mystic, Conn., describing her trip to San Francisco, Calif., in an unnamed vessel of which her uncle, Charles Wheeler, was master.

Cite as: VFM 179, Manuscripts Collection, G. W. Blunt White Library, Mystic Seaport Museum, Inc.

Pioneering the Upper Midwest: Books from Michigan, Minnesota, and Wisconsin, ca. 1820-1910

Between the iron and the pine; a biography of a pioneer family and a pioneer town

A Boy's Eye View

Content Organized by Week








What can we learn from historical objects?
Primary sources

Launch with Primary Source materials

DESCRIBE strategy


How to read feature articles in the newspaper

Steve Martin MRL Guest Speaker


Vocabulary “Magic square” to assess prior knowledge of unit vocabulary

History Tweets Communication then and now

Why do people keep journals?

early settlement of Wayne County

using statistics to draw conclusions about the past


Why do people move from place to place?

Economics &


State Mapping changes locally- Exploring how our city and state have changed over time

Google earth

primary source maps, Then and Now MRL

Lit Study launch
Lit club activity 31



List group label

Travel routes

local and state and those of the characters in your book

National road, overland trails

Ohio River

Railroads, ocean voyages

images of the frontier
Post card/letter to persuade family to move-
human face of immigration


How is character revealed through the story that is told?


Custom boxes activity 14


Writing character sketches

Guest Speaker


147 film- capturing history in the stories of those who lived it

Library/Research Using a history database


Understanding characters through character traits (fig. 3.18 J Allen)

Lit club

Character relationship matrix

Draw it Recall it

Where I’m From Poetry


What do we have in common with others?

Looking at events through multiple perspectives

Lit Club

Listen -sketch –label -summarize

Library- Book Talks on Lit Study selections?


Four Corners

Authentic Language of a place and time

Guest Speaker


Webbing activity 7

oral history: activity 39


What stories endure through history?

Writing our own stories in a compelling way
Analyzing examples of effective writing

Lit Club

Common Themes

Vocabulary: Concept Circles


Songs from the frontier; Who does music communicate the experiences of youth on the frontier?


How does the ability to adapt to change influence individuals?
Economics &


Analyzing primary sources with conflicting messages
Dances with Wolves clip- “good trade”



Performance assessment : presentation of projects, Reader’s theatre, Web based product,

First –person journals, Poetry, Historical characterization. Video production, storyboarding, Role play simulation+ Tic Tac Toe Board of Vocab, comprehension and products???

Share with your friends:
1   2   3

The database is protected by copyright © 2020
send message

    Main page