Interpretation Restrictions must legally mandate a decrease in the quantity produced – regulations are distinct



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2NC- K

K Turns Case

The only way to solve for indigenous rights is to reject the concepts of sovereignty offered to us as a state tool to contain indigenous peoples. That is the second Alfred piece of evidence from the 1nc.




The root cause of the colonialist mindset is the integration of Native politics into the framework of the state- attempts at decolonization fail without disengaging state power


Alfred 99 Taiaiake Alfred, professor at the University of Victoria, Peace, Power, Righteousness: An Indigenous Manifesto, Oxford University Press, 1999.

The colonial mentality is recognizable in the gradual assumption of the values, goals, and perspectives that make up the status quo. The development of such a mentality is almost understandable (if not acceptable), given the structural basis of indigenous—state relations and the necessity for Native people to work through the various institutions of control in order to achieve their objectives. Native professionals, for example, find it hard to resist the (assimilative) opportunity structure created by the range of state strategies designed to co-opt and weaken challenges to the state’s hegemony. The structural integration and professionalization of Native politics within a bureaucratic framework controlled, financially and politically, by the state is the main reason for the persistence of the colonial mentality. In the Native context, all local governments, regional bodies, and national representative organizations are chartered and funded by the state. In Canada, for example, band councils, tribal councils, and the Assembly of First Nations are all creatures of the federal government. The fact that the very existence of government institutions within Native communities depends on an essentially foreign government goes largely unexamined and unchallenged by Native politicians. This dependence imposes a set of parameters that constrains the actions and even the thoughts of those working within the system. Attempting to decolonize without addressing the structural imperatives of the colonial system itself is clearly futile. Yet most people accept the idea that we are making steady progress toward the resolution of injustices stemming from colonization. It may take more energy, or more money than is currently being devoted to the process of decolonization, but the issue is always discussed within existing structural and legal frameworks. Most Native people do not see any need for a massive reorientation of the relationship between themselves and the state. This is symptomatic of the colonial mentality.

True indigenous politics are ANTITHENTICAL to the concept of sovereignty. In traditional indigenous politics, Individual autonomy and collective decision-making are the basis for all political action. Authority is earned through persuasion and consensus, not presumed based on a position held. The Aff’s model of Sovereignty presumes a top down, authority based model of decision-making that makes traditional indigenousness politics impossible and mentally colonizes attempts at autonomy





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