Interpretation Restrictions must legally mandate a decrease in the quantity produced – regulations are distinct


Great power conflict is possible – terrorism and regional conflicts



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Great power conflict is possible – terrorism and regional conflicts



Dibb, 2

Paul, 'The Future of International Coalitions,' The Washington Quarterly 25.2 (2002) 131-144, pg. project muse



The assertion that the events of September 11 initiated a fundamentally new era in world politics has become commonplace. The spectacular building of the coalition against terrorism is cited as evidence, as is the almost universal condemnation of the terrorist attacks. On September 12, the prominent French newspaper Le Monde proclaimed, "We are all Americans now." Attendees at the International Institute for Strategic Studies' annual conference, held in Geneva, coincidentally the day after the attacks, came to the conclusion that the world had passed through a defining moment. A war on terrorism had to be waged, a broad coalition needed to be established for this purpose, and the war would have to be conducted with both [End Page 132] diplomatic and military means. The will to fight this war would need to be sustained over a very long haul, and risks would have to be taken to ensure a chance for success. Building a coalition would not be easy and would involve unprecedented cooperation. Conference attendees also believed that, if the United States fails in its task of freeing the world from the scourge of terrorism, the concept of world order would be relegated to the realm of imaginative literature. The task for the United States, as the custodial power in the international system, is immense. The United States will have an enormous challenge before it to keep its allies and newfound friends focused on a war that may appear to conform to a purely U.S. agenda. Maintaining a coalition against a virtual and hidden enemy will be difficult. New coalition building that has no institutional base such as NATO is a huge task. The United States will have to work hard to keep just NATO behind the effort; a wider coalition will require an intensity of diplomacy and degree of cooperation with culturally different countries that is without precedent. The coexistence of a broad political coalition and a narrow military one will strain diplomatic support for the overall campaign. Maintaining the strength of the coalition will be difficult when disagreements over other elements of U.S. foreign policy intrude. The coalition has an awesome agenda, offering as much scope for disagreement as for cooperation. As Avery Goldstein has observed, believing that the terrorist attacks of September 11 so transformed the post-Cold War world that they have heralded the beginning of an age whose only defining feature will be the global struggle against terrorism would be a mistake. For this realignment to occur, the international community would need to present a united front among almost all states and mute their disagreements on less pressing matters.



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