Interpretation Restrictions must legally mandate a decrease in the quantity produced – regulations are distinct


Turn: corrupt leaders undermine sovereignty and self-determination



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Turn: corrupt leaders undermine sovereignty and self-determination


Reynolds ‘4

[Jerry; “Lobbying scandal highlights peril of tribal feuds”; Indian Country Today; Nov 3, 2004. ProQuest //uwyo-baj]


"Fiscal mismanagement undermines sovereignty because ... [i]nadequately accounting for the Peoples' money will only deny them the opportunity to take action on important tribal priorities. Corruption undermines sovereignty because it too wastes scarce financial resources and undermines the government's credibility. Administrative dysfunction in tribal government has a corrosive effect on tribal sovereignty in other intangible ways. Notwithstanding the immediate effects of the many faces of mismanagement, if the people have no faith in the manner in which government functions, they will be unlikely to get involved in government affairs. This is a disaster for self-determining capacity. If the most capable and generous people in the community feel that getting involved in government affairs is a waste of time, then the only people who will get involved will be either the least capable or the most selfish. When that happens, tribal government has been reduced to simply a game for a few self-interested players and its role as the defender of the peoples' sovereignty is lost."

Natives hate the plan-they want to tap mineral resources. 
Yamamoto 01


Eric K. , Visiting Professor of Law at UC Berkeley and Jen-L W. Lyman, JD from UHawaii, Spring, 2001
(Racializing Environmental Justice, 72 U. Colo. L. Rev. 311, p. Lexis) [Bozman]
For example, as Native communities endeavor to ameliorate conditions of poverty and social dislocation by encouraging the economic development of tribal lands, some increasingly find themselves in conflict with environmentalistswho are sometimes but not always environmental justice advocates. In the mining industry, severalNative American tribes are attempting to tap mineral resources on their reservations. n50 Urged by the increased emphasis on economic self-determination in federal Native American policy in the 1970s, the tribes formed the Council of Energy Resource Tribes to deal [*322] with both the siting of new mines on Native American lands and the environmental and the cultural problems that might result. n51Those efforts met stiff opposition from some environmental groups concerned mainly with land degradation and pollution. The environmentalists' seeming lack of understanding of the economic and cultural complexity of the Native American groups' decisions have led some Native Americans to express cynicism about environmentalists whosometimes treat them as mascots for the environmental cause. n52


All modern environmental law is rooted in anthropocentric Anglo-American values-the case can’t overcome it.
Yamamoto 01


Eric K. Yamamoto, Visiting Professor of Law at UC Berkeley and Jen-L W. Lyman, JD from UHawaii, Spring, 01
(Racializing Environmental Justice, 72 U. Colo. L. Rev. 311, p. Lexis) [Bozman]

From this perspectivemodern environmentalism thus implicitly promotes an anthropocentric ethic of nature as property, dismissing the physical, cultural, and spiritual relationship between Native communities and the land. For this reason, Robert A. Williams criticizes American environmental law as "colonized by a perverse system of values which is antithetical to achieving environmental justice for American Indian peoples." n161 The Anglo-American value system, he asserts, "privileges what it labels as "human values' over "environmental values,'" ignoring how "both sets of values are intimately connected to ... the complete set of forces which give meaning and life to our world." n162 For Native peoples, nature is not property. Nature is culture, religion, even family. n163 Nature is home. For these scholars, prevailing environmentalism, with its anthropocentric premises, thus undermines the very thing it seeks to promote: genuine environmental justice.




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