International Relations The Treaty of Versailles



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International Relations - The Treaty of Versailles

  • The Treaty of Versailles was a compromise between President Wilson's Fourteen Points and his desire to make a "just peace", and the French leader Clemenceau's desire for revenge.

  • Germany had to accept responsibility for starting the war, and had to agree to pay for the cost of the damage (set at £6.6 billion in 1921).

  • Germany's army was reduced to 100,000 men. Germany's navy had to be handed over to the victorious Allies, and Germany was not allowed to manufacture war planes or tanks in the future.

  • No German troops were allowed in the Rhineland, the area of Germany closest to France.

  • France was given Alsace and Lorraine.

  • The newly created state of Poland was given the German territories of West Prussia and Posen. The port of Danzig was placed under the control of the League of Nations. As a result of these changes, East Prussia was cut off from the rest of Germany by what became known as the "Polish Corridor".

  • Belgium was given Eupen and Malmedy.

  • Germany was not allowed to unite with Austria (this was known as Anschluss, and it was forbidden).

  • The Treaty of Versailles was a "dictated peace" as Germany was not allowed to negotiate the terms.




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