History of peacekeeping
Successes – Libya, El Salvador, Mozambique, Cambodia
Failures? – Bosnia, Somalia, Rwanda
US gets cold feet post-Somalia, but now reembracing that role.
EU does Fact-Finding
Independent International Fact-Finding Mission on the Conflict in Georgia, Report, Vol. 1, Sept. 2009 (Packet II, p. 1-4) Focuses on how fact-finding was done.
Fact-finding always leads to issues of process – who’s appointed to do it, and with what authority.
No formal statement of applicable law – but referring to Helsinki Statement of 1975 and subsequent statements as if they were binding law (remember, at the time, said they would not be). Here, not getting much resistance.
Transformation of status of document.
Will have to wait to see what impact will be informally
Probably more it’s denounced by both sides, more likely it will be taken into account
Democratic Republic of the Congo Fact-Finding Mission
1999 – Lusaka Cease-Fire Agreement – called for creation of UN force to be deployed
Congo – vast territory, over 60M people, third poorest country in the world, one of the most corrupt, mineral resources – thus, exploited, porous borders in all directions
There is no incentive for most involved actors to end the turmoil