United Nations Framework Agreement on Climate Change [Rio]– 1992 (814-15) FRAMEWORK convention again.
Developed countries take the lead.
This has been problematic. China/India? – US wants to hold them to account. Need THIRD category.
Reference to “future generations”, reference to “equity” (does it mean anything? In int’l law/)
Just trying to get process running.
Included Conference of the Parties (COP)
These commitments to commit – deadlines actually seem to WORK. Force parties to develop policies, come with suggestions, etc.
Entered into force in March 1994 – 189 states ratified by Feb. 2006
After Rio, pre-Kyoto
COP meeting in Berlin (March 1995)
Majority of developed states aren’t going to meet GHG goals – but even if they did, it wouldn’t be low enough.
BERLIN MANDATE - Agreed to begin process to strengthen commitments through binding targets/timetables.
Agreed no new commitments for developing states.
Lead up to Kyoto
US – would support binding targets/timetables
July 1997 – US Senate – non-binding resolution – US should not enter into treaty mandating limits/reduction on GHGs UNLESS developing countries also had to limit/reduce AND the treaty didn’t result in “serious harm to the economy”