International Law Outline


Parties should act with CAUTION, and considering scientific uncertainty



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Parties should act with CAUTION, and considering scientific uncertainty

  • Each should refrain from experimental fishing programme unless they can either agree, or make it part of their own quota

  • LAING Concurrence – still unclear if PP is part of customary law

    1. BUT, adopting precautionary APPROACH is good. Imports flexibility.

  • Session 21 –Climate Change (International Environmental Law, Part Two)

    1. Collective Action Problem again

      1. Mechanisms used in ozone:

        1. incentives, using soft compliance mechanisms, framework conventions and general ratcheting up, distinctions between developed/developing

    2. Greenhouse Gases

      1. GHG absorb some of the sun’s energy which passes through the atmosphere, is absorbed by the earths’ surface, and emitted as infrared radiation. GHGs keep some of the IR in, warming planet to reasonable temperature.

        1. GHGs increasing – keeps too much IR in, warms planet too much.

          1. Alters earth’s climate, declines in plant and animal population, rise in sea levels destroying low-lying areas, contaminate fresh water supplies, more frequent/extreme weather patterns, harm public health.

        2. Great disparity in production of GHGs

      2. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) – authoritative international scientific body assessing technical and socioeconomic issues associated with climate change

    3. Development of Climate Regime

      1. Discussions in 1970s

        1. 1979 - World Climate Conference

        2. 1988 – states created IPCC

        3. 1990 – IPCC released first scientific assessment report

          1. Powerful effect on policymakers and public

          2. Led to UN GA negotiations over climate change treaty to be made in Rio

      2. Preparing for Rio

        1. EU – binding emission reduction targets and timetables

        2. US – opposed targets and timetables – more RESEARCH

        3. Developing states – rejected anything that slowed economic growth

          1. Argued not responsible for climate problem

          2. DIVIDE

            1. Small island states/low-lying states – pushed for major cuts by developed states

            2. Oil producing states – opposed mandated cuts, wanted int’l fund to compensate for any loss due to reduced oil demand

            3. Amazon basis states – objected to forest conservation/carbon sink measures which would allow responsibility to shift to developing states


      3. Directory: sites -> default -> files -> upload documents
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        upload documents -> Con law professor Larry Sager Fall 1995 I. U. S. Term limits V. Thornton
        upload documents -> Property with Professor Vicki Been
        upload documents -> Property Outline – Professor Upham, Spring 2000
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        upload documents -> Complex federal investigations
        upload documents -> Foundations: Agency Law Introduction to law of enterprise organizations
        upload documents -> Pricing v. Sanctions


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