International Law Outline


Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer



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Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer1985 (785-87)

  1. About PROCESS, less about substance

  2. Amendments – no distinction re: developed/developing or consumers/producers

  • Preparation for negotiation in Montreal

    1. More studies come out confirming CFC danger; more corporations willing to work on substitutes

    2. Still production (EU) v. consumption (US debate)

  • Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer1987 (790-93)

    1. Focusing provisions on developing countries – try to include strong incentives to join (article 3 and 4)

      1. Deferral of responsibilities, assistance, plus trade measures that punish you if you don’t sign on

      2. Creating incentives for developed states to export only to Protocol signers.

    2. STILL EXISTING FRAMEWORK – meets every four years-ish

  • Results of Montreal?

    1. Industry reacted – changed their incentives, and unleashed race to create substitutes.

    2. Scientific evidence suggested, even with perfect adherence/global participation, CFCs will still increase

    3. Further North-South issues

      1. Developing countries like China – much greater CFC consumption

      2. China and india (40% of world’s population) not joining

        1. Hadn’t caused the problems, so unwilling to forgo use of products or use more expensive substitute chemicals

        2. Need to spend $ on serious issues like poverty, hunger, and disease not CFC abatement


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