International Law Outline


Convention on Long Range Transboundary Air Pollution (LRTAP) – 1979 (783)



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Convention on Long Range Transboundary Air Pollution (LRTAP) – 1979 (783)

  1. regional framework to control and reduce transboundary air pollution

  2. no reductions required – information sharing and collaborative research

  • 1972 – Stockholm meeting – adopt soft law standards – adopt Trail Smelter principle

  • Ozone

    1. Ozone critically protects life from toxic effects of ultraviolet radation

      1. Certain industrial chemicals destroy ozone when released into the atmosphere.

        1. CFCs suspected – circulate around the globe.

    2. Ozone Treaties

      1. Preparation for negotiation in Vienna

        1. Business community reject link between CFC and ozone

        2. CFC producers/users worry about liability

          1. One company decides not to use – rush to capture market of environmentally conscious consumers – US market for CFC fell by 2/3

          2. US EPA banned CFC

        3. US then, pushing for similar global ban.

          1. EC opposed restrictions on consumption – argued for restrictions on PRODUCTION.

            1. Since Europe has majority of existing production facilities, will benefit if stop creation of NEW production facilities.


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