International journal of advanced research research article



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THE HAPPINESS AND HUMAN STRENGTH A POSIT
Seligman-Martin-Flourish-Ch-1, ImportanceofRecruitmentandSelectioninleadingtoProgressionofthe-16, iift, Syllabus - Stenographers, IBPS RRB SYLLABUS 2021


INTRODUCTION
Positive Psychology is a recent branch of scientific psychology that "studies the strengths and virtues that enable individuals and communities to thrive (Compton, 2005). People have been discussing the question of human happiness since at least Ancient Greece. Seligman (2002), who is considered as "the father of positive psychology" has pointed out how psychology has been primarily dedicated to addressing mental illness rather than mental "wellness. Several humanistic psychologists such as Abraham Maslow, Carl Rogers, and Erich Fromm developed successful theories and practices that involved human happiness, despite alack of solid empirical evidence at the time behind their work, and especially that of their successors, who chose to


ISSN 2320-5407 International Journal of Advanced Research (2015), Volume 3, Issue 1, 164-169 165 emphasize phenomenology and individual case histories. Positive psychology refers to cultivation of a more appreciative view of human nature. It advises psychologists to scientifically study the positive qualities, motives and capacities of human beings. It came into being as a protest against the predominant negative bias of traditional psychology. Positive Psychology focuses on well-being, psychological health, personal development, work-life balance and meaning making procedures. Psychologists in this field conduct studies in which they examine the elements that contribute to individual advancement as well as to the leading of a happier and more meaningful life. Positive Psychology is intended to complement the classical psychological approach which deals mainly with psychological illness. During the last decade, an increasing number of research findings indicate that positive stands towards reality (i.e., optimism, hope) can significantly assist individuals and organizations in their effort to function efficiently and in balance with natural and social environment. Positive Psychology is founded on the systematic study of human behavior, emotion and thought. Seligman (2002), classified positive emotions into three categories those associated with the past, the present and the future. Positive emotions associated with the future include optimism, hope, confidence, faith and trust. Satisfaction, contentment, fulfillment, pride and serenity are the main positive emotions associated with the past. There are two distinct classes of positive emotions concerned with the present momentarily pleasure and more enduring gratifications. The pleasures include bodily pleasures and higher pleasures. Bodily pleasure comes through the senses. Feelings that come from sex, beautiful perfumes, delicious taste falls into this category. In contrast higher pleasure comes from more complex activities and includes feelings such as bliss, glee, comfort, ecstasy and ebullience. Gratification differs from pleasure in that they entail states of absorption or flow that comes from engagement in activities that involve using unique signature strengths. Sailing, teaching and helping others are examples of such activities. Signature strengths are personal traits associated with particular virtues. Positive Psychology has three central concerns positive emotions, positive individual traits, and positive institutions. Positive emotions is concerned with being content with one's past, being happy in the present and having hope for the future. Positive individual traits focus on one's strengths and virtues the capacity to love, valor, altruism, grit, creativity, curiosity, integrity, moderation, self-control, spirituality and humor. Finally, positive institutions are based on strengths to better a community of people and it consists in the study of the strong families, communities, corporations and the virtues that nourish them such as justice, responsibility, civility, work ethic, leadership, teamwork, purpose, and tolerance. Happiness encompasses different emotional and mental phenomena. One method of assessment is
(2011) Satisfaction with Life Scale. According to Diener (2011), this 5 - question survey corresponds well with impressions from friends and family, and low incidence of depression. Some researchers (Seligman, 2002) in this field posit that positive psychology can be delineated into three overlapping areas of research firstly, research into the Pleasant Life or the "life of enjoyment" examines how people optimally experience, forecast, and savor the positive feelings and emotions that are part of normal and healthy living
(e.g. relationships, hobbies, interests, entertainment, etc. Secondly, the study of the Good Life or the "life of engagement" investigates the beneficial effects of immersion, absorption, and flow that individuals feel when optimally engaged with their primary activities. These states are experienced when there is a positive match between a person's strength and the task they are doing, i.e. when they feel confident that they can accomplish the tasks they face. Lastly, Inquiry into the Meaningful Life or "life of affiliation" questions how individuals derive a positive sense of well-being, belonging, meaning, and purpose from being part of and contributing back to something larger and more permanent than themselves (e.g. nature, social groups, organizations, movements, traditions, belief systems).

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