International consultancy services for the update of
the Situation Analysis of Women and Children in Mongolia, 2013 Background The Government of Mongolia (GoM) and the 2012-2016 UNICEF Country Programme (CP) will meet its midterm in 2014. The latest update of the situation of children and women in Mongolia was done in 2009 by UNICEF. In 2010, United Nations Country Team (UNCT) in Mongolia, in preparation for the new United Nations Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF) 2012-2016, developed a Common Country Assessment (CCA) “Closing the Gaps” which examines the progress and status of Mongolia on the MDGs with strong child focus.
The current GoM-UNICEF Country Programme coincided with significant changes in the national and local government resulting from the Parliament and local elections in 2012. The National Authority for Children, while sustaining its status as a Government Implementing Agency, moved from the Deputy Prime Minister to the Ministry of Population Development and Social Protection. Developments in the mining sector, main driver of Mongolian economy as well as reforms of the new Government in legislation and legal framework influence the changing context of the development programmes, including GOM and UNICEF CP. Changes in global economic, political and particularly development context including the Post 2015 Agenda and the UNICEF new Strategic Plan are also important for development and for children. At this juncture it is critical to understand the implications the economic and social changes combined with the political changes have for Mongolian children. It is also important that all the duty bearers and general public increase their knowledge about the situation of women and children and therefore an updated SITAN will serve as an advocacy tool in favour of child rights and social investment in children.
The current CP aims to create a model of child centered development in Khuvsgul aimag and Nalaikh district of Ulaanbaatar. The governance, management and admin processes including planning and budgeting of this model will inform policy and programme mechanisms will translate into institutional sustainable capacity and asset of the Government of Mongolia. The analysis and update of the situation of women and children will also help understand the impact of programme strategies of the current CP.
The mid-term of the Country Programme is a critical moment to adjust the programme and reflect on the gaps, challenges and opportunities for improving the programme strategies based on sound data analysis and other main factors, such as open and transparent management of the CP, as well as a rights-based approach to development.
The present TOR aims to determine the services required for the update of the SITAN.
Purpose and Objectives Under the supervision of the Deputy Representative, in close collaboration with the Steering Committee,the SITAN international consultant with the assistance of the national consultant will coordinate, guide and conceptualize the process of compilation, collection and analysis of existing data and information as well as programme related documentation /project and donor reports, annual reports, laws, legislation, programme and government strategy plans and others/ to develop the SITAN of children and women in Mongolia. The conceptual framework for the SITAN will be the MORES (monitoring results for equity systems) and the UNICEF strategic plan.
Update the situation of children and women with focus on socio-economic disparities and inequities;
Update on the emerging issues, including climate change, mining, urbanization, migration and other that may have consequence for women and children;
Determine strategies and changes to inform the policies and programmes in favour of children including the GOM and UNICEF Country programme 2012-2016 in light of the new UNICEF Strategic Plan and the post 2015 agenda.
The Main Elements of Investigation
Update the statistics and indicators as per agreed outline using available data and other information to accurately identify trends, patterns, incidence and causes of key deprivations (e.g. child mortality, stunting, low levels of birth registration, low school enrolment and achievement or violence against children), disaggregated by relevant segments of the population. Assess the current or potential presence of emergency risks, including conflict, disaster risks, and other potential shocks; the likelihood of their occurrence, the underlying vulnerabilities, the nature of the hazard and the particularly vulnerable groups that will be affected. The capacities and coping mechanisms of families, communities, local and national institutions to mitigate these risks and deal with shocks should also be assessed.
Appropriateness of existing relevant laws and policies, institutions, structures and plans for the fulfilment of children’s and women’s rights; analyze the extent to which the evidence-based interventions and services needed to address deprivations are prioritized in national policies, laws, strategies, plans and budgets, and supported by UNICEF and partners. This would include an analysis of the extent to which there is an enabling environment for the realization of the rights of all children including the promotion of positive social norms and behaviours, organization of services, institutional capacities at national, sub-national and community levels.
Current and potential vulnerabilities of children and women, with particular reference to the situation of disadvantaged groups and areas (example: populations in remote areas and pockets of extreme poverty, processes and implications of economic transformation, migration, urbanization and mining); analyze the extent to which gender inequalities and the fulfillment/non-fulfillment of the rights of women affect overall inequalities and deprivations, including those affecting children.
Immediate and underlying causes of these problems, and linkages between them (bottlenecks and MORES framework); identify and analyze the barriers and bottlenecks that prevent disadvantaged children and families from benefiting from required interventions and services, including the social, political and economic conditions that result in shortfalls in the creation of an enabling environment for the realization of children’s rights.
The availability and adequacy of data to track progress, and areas in which more research is required;
The nature of community and children’s participation in political, community and family decision making processes;
Positive experiences and opportunities, which can be used to accelerate progress towards maximum fulfilment of rights.
Link to implementation of RWP The SITAN is planned under the PCR 1: Evidence-based social policies and legislation, including pro-child budgeting principles, are in place and implemented for the equitable fulfillment of child rights; IR 103: Government collected, analysed and used disaggregated data to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of qualitative and equitable development of children and women; and Activity 103.07: SITAN.
Governance structure The National Authority for Children and UNICEF will jointly lead and manage the process of the SITAN to facilitate the participation and ownership of the Government, non-government and international partners as well as to guide the process to assure the quality of the deliverables.
The Steering Committee will be established to manage the process.
Main Tasks Related to the Assignment
Develop and agree the study concept, design and detailed workplan
Conduct interviews and meetings with relevant stakeholders
Carry out a desk review of existing data, information and documentation
Organize and facilitate presentation of final report through agreed means of communication;
Maintain good archiving and ensure appropriate/accurate citations (concept note, process documentation including meeting notes, materials and documentation used, and other relevant background and technical documents).
Deliverables and payment schedule
Study concept, design and plan
Plan for information collection and documentation/review/interviews
Progress report on documentation/review/interviews
Analysis plan and report outline
Plan for presentation and notes of the dissemination meetings
Final SITAN report integrating all analyses, special thematic areas and incorporating comments and inputs from the validation process approved by the Representative and the Steering Committee.
The deliverables must be submitted in English and Mongolian in soft and hard formats.
The international consultant is expected to travel and work in Mongolia for the period of 5 weeks. Travel expenses are estimated as US$ 6,000.
Estimated Duration of the Contract: November-December, 2013 (7 weeks)
Confidentiality of Data and Documents The institution should respect the confidentiality of the data and information that will be produced throughout the SITAN process.
Qualifications and Experience Required
Strong knowledge in areas of social policy, public administration, social services, development studies, economics, health, nutrition, education, child protection, statistics. A combination of skills in various of these sector / disciplines will be an added advantage.
A leader with vast experience of more than 10 years managing provision of child health, education, protection services and advocacy for child rights in an international organization. Previous experience in a senior position in UNICEF will be a definite advantage.
Strong English language, communication and writing skills;
Availability and motivation to commit significant time to the process of producing a high-quality product;
Wide exposure to child rights issues in various country situations gained through relevant work experience, with substantive experience in Asia.
Performance Indicators for Evaluation of Results and Monitoring Process:
Communicate regularly with the Steering Committee and UNICEF CO regarding all the study related issues in a timely manner, as necessary;
Timeliness (conduct activities according to the scheduled dates);
Critical analytical skills (knowledge and experiences);
Quality of deliverables and final product
Contract Supervisor: Deputy Representative
Type of Supervision that will be provided:
The Steering Committee and UNICEF CO will provide quality assurance and oversight for the SITAN process.
Support in provision of available documents and materials, arrangement for meetings with programme colleagues and counterparts if required.
The performance discussions will be on monthly basis.
Nature of ‘Penalty Clause’ to be Stipulated in Contract: UNICEF reserves the right to withhold up to 30% of the total fee in the case that the deliverables are not submitted on schedule or do not meet the required standard.’ Note any additional measure that will apply to this contract.
Planned budget: WBS: 2880/A0/04/100/103/059