Inter-American Court of Human Rights



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Appendix II






Inmates named in the judgment of the

Juzgado de Primera Instancia en lo Civil y Comercial de Noveno Turno, S. D. No. 652, of July 31, 1998, that gave place to the generic

hábeas corpus resource filed by

the Tekojojá Foundation

  1. Acosta Christian

  1. Acosta Felipe Rubén

  1. Acuña Acosta Luis Ariel

  1. Acuña Fernández Felix

  1. Acuña Gerardo Asunción

  1. Aguilera Espinoza José de la Cruz

  1. Aguilera José Eduardo

  1. Alcaraz Rubén Darío

  1. Alcaraz Vera Pedro Ramón

  1. Alvarez Pérez Mario

  1. Amarilla Bogado Oscar Andrés

  1. Amarilla Centirón Miguel Angel

  1. Amarilla Gieménez Hugo Ricardo

  1. Amarilla Vásquez Silvino

  1. Aquino Derlis Luis

  1. Aquino González Juan

  1. Aranda Prieto Francisco Javier

  1. Aranda Recalde Ramón Alberto

  1. Arce Cirilo

  1. Arguello Silva Cristian

  1. Arzamendia Benitez German

  1. Baez Aranda Ismael

  1. Baez Daniel

  1. Baez Irala Víctor Manuel

  1. Baez Portillo Darío Jovito

  1. Balbuena Miguel

  1. Barreto Leonardo

  1. Belotto Rolando Francisco

  1. Benítez Barúa Juan Víctor

  1. Benítez Candia Juan Carlos

  1. Benítez Casco Delmes Javier

  1. Benítez Enrique Raúl

  1. Benítez Ever Hugo

  1. Benítez Giménez Ramón Richard

  1. Benítez Gómez Jorge

  1. Bogado Benítez Osmar

  1. Bogarín Sixto Antonio

  1. Britez Uliambre Juan Carlos

  1. Brizuela García Gregorio Marcelo

  1. Caballero Riquelme Pedro Felipe

  1. Cabañas Aquino Carlos

  1. Cabañas Caballero Darío Alberto

  1. Cabañas Saucedo Cristian Daniel

  1. Cabrera Candado Hugo Baune

  1. Cáceres Erico Javier

  1. Cáceres Fleitas Eligio

  1. Cáceres Hugo Alberto

  1. Cáceres Keniche Michael

  1. Cáceres Rodríguez Rubén Darío

  1. Cáceres Toboada Eugenio Sebastián

  1. Cámara Ortiz Bernando

  1. Campos López Horacio María

  1. Candia, Edgar

  1. Candia, Félix

  1. Cantero Benigno Javier

  1. Cantero Cano Víctor Luciano

  1. Cardozo Cabrera Ricardo Daniel

  1. Carrera Sabino Gapar

  1. Casafus Silvino Ramón

  1. Centurión Chavez Hugo Gilberto

  1. Céspedes Cristaldo Luis María

  1. Chavez Alvarenga Fredy Ramón

  1. Chavez Sánchez Carlos Alberto

  1. Colman Valdez Wilfrido

  1. De Oliveira Adenilson

  1. Díaz Lázaro

  1. Díaz Montania Juan de los Santos

  1. Díaz Ramírez Manuel Gustavo

  1. Díaz Sánchez Agustín Ignacio

  1. Domínguez Ferreira Catalino

  1. Domínguez Pablo César

  1. Dornellis Arévalos Rodrígo

  1. Duarte Flor Rafael Agustín

  1. Duarte Florenciañez Víctor Manuel

  1. Duarte Paredes Juan Ramón

  1. Echeverría Richard David

  1. Elizeche Zayas Alfredo Manuel

  1. Escobar Mancuello Milner Fidelino

  1. Espinola Fariña Víctor

  1. Espinola Resquin Richard Edgar

  1. Esquivel Melgarejo Francisco

  1. Estigarribia Coronel Ricardo Ariel

  1. Fernández Silva Pedro Antonio

  1. Ferreira Barreto Marcos Antonio

  1. Ferreira Duarte Eligio

  1. Figueredo Gauto Wiian Alejandro

  1. Florentín Espinoza Cristian Anastacio

  1. Florentín Santillán César

  1. Flores García Juan Reinaldo

  1. Flores Martínez Máximo

  1. Forcado Félix César

  1. Fretes Torres Anuncio Ramón

  1. Gaboto Jorge Raúl

  1. Galiano Pereira Fredy Atilio

  1. Garay Barrios Oscar Daniel

  1. García Arnaldo Andrés

  1. Giménez Equivel Víctor Antonio

  1. Giménez Estigarribia Raul Alberto

  1. Giménez Ferreira Oscar Miguel

  1. Giménez Juan Carlos

  1. Giménez Vallejos German

  1. Gómez Bernardo

  1. Gómez Estrella Máximo Abdón

  1. Gómez Larroza Eliseo

  1. Gómez Riveros Roberto

  1. Gómez Saldívar Claudio Ramón

  1. Gómez Saldívar Diego Ramón

  1. Gómez Segovia Carlos Domingo

  1. González Cagbañas Alberto Roque

  1. González Charles Lizandro

  1. González Curril Gilberto

  1. González Francisco Javier

  1. González Jorge Adalberto

  1. González Juan Carlos

  1. González León Antonio

  1. González López Gustavo Javier

  1. González Osmar

  1. González Toledo Porfirio

  1. Guairare Noguera Silvio

  1. Hermosilla Giménez Hugo Enrique

  1. Hermosilla Verón Sergio Gustavo

  1. Ibarra Ramírez Angel Esteban

  1. Insfran Gaona Elio Ramón

  1. Jara Emiliano Rubén

  1. Jara Mario Arcenio

  1. Lequizamon Ovelar Pablo

  1. Leiva Amarilla Teodoro Misael

  1. Leiva Esñinola Cristhian

  1. Leiva Miguel Angel

  1. Lezcano Mareco Jhonny Orlando

  1. Lezcano Soria Rodolfo

  1. López Balbuena Juan Ramón

  1. López Dure César Alberto

  1. López Javier

  1. López José Alberto

  1. Lugo Jara Enrique Ireneo

  1. Maciel Sánchez Juan

  1. Maldonado Cristhian Ceferino

  1. Maldonado Maciel Javier

  1. Mancuello Roa Hugo Derlis

  1. Martínez Daniel

  1. Martínez Pirís César Rolando

  1. Martínez Ricardo

  1. Martínez Zarza Humberto Andrés

  1. Medina Flores Luis Javier

  1. Medina Mereles Higinio

  1. Medina Mereles Luis

  1. Méndez Carlos

  1. Méndez Irala Gregorio

  1. Mendoza Ricardo Melanio Fermín

  1. Mieres González Máximo Manuel

  1. Mieres González Venancio

  1. Miranda Baez Julio César o Jorge José Martínez

  1. Monges Riveros Oscar

  1. Morales Oscar Luis

  1. Morel Rubén Darío

  1. Morel Santander Aldo

  1. Morinigo Rojas Claudio Ramón

  1. Noguera Luis Mauricio Justiniano

  1. Nuñez Benitez Javier Darío

  1. Nuñez Clarito Celestino

  1. Nuñez Cristian

  1. Oleñid Redes Pablo

  1. Olmedo Benitez Carlos Milciades

  1. Olmedo Hugo Ariel (herido)

  1. Olmedo Jara José Alcides

  1. Oroa Blas Ignacio

  1. Ortiz Britos Robert Ramón

  1. Ortiz Sánchez Roberto

  1. Otazú Benítez Venancio

  1. Paiva Vera Julio César

  1. Palacios Ruíz Díaz Jorge Ramón

  1. Palma Enciso Isidro

  1. Paredes Arguello Oscar

  1. Parini Mendieta Juan Carlos

  1. Paulus Rolón Gilberto Michel

  1. Peña Gavilán Rubén Darío

  1. Peralta Delgado Héctor Antonio

  1. Pérez Giménez Juan Antonio

  1. Portillo Díaz Aldo Javier

  1. Prieto Gómez Julio César

  1. Quiñonez Maldonado Leonardo Eugenio

  1. Ramírez Bogado Marcelo Silvestre

  1. Ramírez Francisco

  1. Ramírez Lovera Hugo Adolfo

  1. Ramírez Ruíz Pablo Rafael

  1. Ramírez Víctor Arnulfo

  1. Riquelme Bordón Ramón

  1. Riquelme Drugett Paulo César

  1. Rivarola Ibarra Jorge Antonio

  1. Rivarola Martínez Diego

  1. Rivas Britez Ariel Hernán

  1. Roa Isasi Arsenio Daniel

  1. Rodríguez Benítez Ramón Domingo

  1. Rodríguez Jorge

  1. Rodríguez Paniagua Oscar David

  1. Rojas Aquino Juan Carlos

  1. Rojas Arnaldo de Jesús

  1. Rojas Pineda Miguel Angel

  1. Romero Cubilla Juan Ramón

  1. Romero Domínguez Cristóbal

  1. Ruíz Díaz Miguel Angel

  1. Ruíz Díaz Nilton Ariel

  1. Ruíz Díaz Torres Julián Wilberto

  1. Salinas Rodríguez Sergio

  1. Salomón González Víctor Antonio

  1. Sánchez Diego Ariel

  1. Sánchez Miguel Angel

  1. Santi Cubilla Rosalino

  1. Segovia Lugo Daniel David

  1. Servian Leite Joel Esteban

  1. Servin Javier Mauricio

  1. Solís Víctor Manuel

  1. Soto Gustavo

  1. Taboada González Julio César

  1. Toledo Fernández Faustino

  1. Toledo Fernández Roberto

  1. Toledo Leongino

  1. Torres Jacquet Víctor Ricardo

  1. Troche Morel German

  1. Valdez Cantero Miguel Angel

  1. Valdez Diego Walter

  1. Vera Barreto Nery Alcides o Pedro Daniel Vera

  1. Vera Garay César Luis

  1. Vergara López Edgar Diosnel

  1. Vergara Samaniego Edgar David

  1. Vergara Villalba Juan Manuel

  1. Villagra Portillo Víctor Vidal o Aníbal Cayetano

  1. Villalba Franco Cristian Ariel

  1. Villasanti Estigarribia Anastacio

  1. Villasanti Estigarribia Fernando

  1. Yorki Caballero Fernando David

  1. Zalazar César Daniel

  1. Zárate Garay Cristhian Marcelo

  1. Zárate Roque Daniel

  1. Zarza Luján Eladio

  1. Zayas Ayala Walberto o Hugo Sayas

  1. Zorrillas Molas Edgar Cristino

  1. Zorrillas Molas Rubén




*


1 The present judgment is delivered in accordance with the Rules of Procedure that the Court approved at its XLIX regular session, by order dated November 24, 2000, which entered into force on June 1, 2001, and in accordance with the partial amendment to those Rules, which the Court approved at its LXI regular session in a November 25, 2003 order that entered into force on January 1, 2004.

2 This person’s name also appears as Marcos Antonio Jiménez. The Court will henceforth refer to this person as Marco Antonio Jiménez.


3 This person’s name also appears as Sergio Daniel Vega. The Court will henceforth use the name Sergio Daniel Vega Figueredo.


4 This person’s name also appears as Sergio David Poletti. The Court will henceforth use the name Sergio David Poletti Domínguez.


5 This person’s name also appears as Mario del Pilar Álvarez, as Mario Álvarez Pérez, and as Mario Álvarez. The Court will henceforth use the name Mario del Pilar Álvarez Pérez.


6 This person’s name also appears as Antonio Escobar. The Court will henceforth use the name Antonio Damián Escobar Morinigo.


7 This person’s name also appears as Carlos de la Cruz. The Court will henceforth use the name Carlos Raúl de la Cruz.


8 This person’s name also appears as José Milciades Cañete Chamorro. The Court will henceforth use the name José Milciades Cañete Chamorro.


9 This person’s name also appears as Arcenio Joel Barrios Báez. The Court will henceforth use the name Arsenio Joel Barrios Báez.


10 This person’s name also appears as Osmar Verón López. The Court will henceforth use the name Osmar López Verón.


11 This person’s name also appears as Miguel Ángel Coronel Ramírez, and as Miguel Coronel Ramírez. The Court will henceforth use the name Miguel Ángel Coronel Ramírez.


12 This person’s name also appears as César Fidelino Ojeda Ramírez, and as César Fidelino Ojeda. The Court will henceforth use the name César Fidelino Ojeda Acevedo.


13 This person’s name also appears as Sixto González Franco. The Court will henceforth use the name Sixto Gonzáles Franco.


14 This person’s name also appears as Clemente Luis Escobar and as Clementino Luis Escobar. The Court will henceforth use the name Clemente Luis Escobar González.

15 This person’s name also appears as José Amado Jara Fernández, and as José Amado Jara. The Court will henceforth use the name José Amado Jara Fernández.


16 This person’s name also appears as Osvaldo Mora Espinola. The Court will henceforth use the name Osvaldo Mora Espinola.


17 This person’s name also appears as Hugo Vera Quintana. The Court will henceforth use the name Hugo Antonio Vera Quintana.


18 This person’s name also appears as Juan Carlos Zarza. The Court will henceforth use the name Juan Carlos Zarza Viveros.


19 This person’s name also appears as Cándido Ulice Zelaya Flores. The Court will henceforth use the name Cándido Ulises Zelaya Flores.


20 This person’s name also appears as Rafael Oscar Aquino Acuña. The Court will henceforth use the name Oscar Rafael Aquino Acuña.


21 This person’s name also appears as Arístides Ramón Ortiz Bernal. The Court will henceforth use the name Arístides Ramón Ortiz Bernal.


22 This person’s name also appears as Carlos Raúl Romero García. The Court will henceforth use the name Carlos Raúl Romero Giacomo.

1 Rules of Procedure approved by the Inter-American Court of Human Rights during its XLIX regular session, by order dated November 24, 2000, which entered into force on June 1, 2001. This article and others were amended by the Court at its LXI regular session by order dated November 25, 2003. The amendment took effect on January 1, 2004.

2 “Anteproyecto Código de Ejecución Penal para la República del Paraguay” and “La Protección Jurídica en el Ámbito Carcelario Paraguayo”.

3 Mrs. Irma Alfonso de Bogarín.

4 Cf. Case of the Gómez Paquiyauri Brothers. Judgment of July 8, 2004. Series C No. 110, para. 40; Case of the 19 Tradesmen. Judgment of July 5, 2004. Series C No. 109, para. 64; and Case of Molina Theissen. Reparations (Art. 63(1) American Convention on Human Rights). Judgment of July 3, 2004. Series C No. 108, para. 21.


5 Cf. Case of the Gómez Paquiyauri Brothers, supra note 26 para. 41; Case of the 19 Tradesmen, supra note 26, para. 65; and Case of Molina Theissen, supra note 26, para. 23.


6 Supra note 27.


7 Cf. Case of the Gómez Paquiyauri Brothers, supra note 26, para. 41; Case of the 19 Tradesmen, supra note 26, para. 65; and Case of Herrera Ulloa. Judgment of July 2, 2004, Series C No. 107, para. 57.

8 Cf. file of appendixes to the application, volumes I a III, appendixes 1 a 57, folios 1 a 1022.


9 Cf. file of appendixes to the written brief of pleadings and motions, volumes I and II, appendixes 1 a 48, folios 1-459.


10 Cf. file of appendixes to the brief of preliminary objections, answer to the application and observations on the pleadings and motions, volumes I a IV, appendixes 1 a 42, folios 1-1621.


11 Cf. file of written statements supplied by the State, the Inter-American Commission and the alleged victims’ representatives, volume I, folios 117-220.

12 Cf. file of written statements supplied by the State, the Inter-American Commission and the alleged victims’ representatives, volume I, folios 221-263.

13 Cf. file of written statements supplied by the State, the Inter-American Commission and the alleged victims’ representatives, volume I, folios 264-289.

14 Cf. file of written statements supplied by the State, the Inter-American Commission and the alleged victims’ representatives, volume I, folios 1-176.

15 Cf. file of evidence received subsequent to the public hearing held on May 3, 4 and 5, 2004, supplied by the State and the representatives, volume I, folios 1-105.


16 Cf. file on the merits, volume VIII, folios 2283-2364.

1 Cf. Case of the Gómez Paquiyauri Brothers, supra note 26, para. 50; Case of the 19 Tradesmen, supra note 26, para. 73; and Case of Herrera Ulloa, supra note 29, para. 67.


2Cf. Case of the Gómez Paquiyauri Brothers, supra note 26, para. 51; Case of Herrera Ulloa, supra note 29, para. 71; and Case of Myrna Mack Chang. Judgment of November 25, 2003. Series C No. 101, para. 131 in fine.

3 Cf. Case of the Gómez Paquiyauri Brothers, supra note 26, para. 63; Case of the 19 Tradesmen, supra note 26, para. 79; and Case of Herrera Ulloa, supra note 29, para. 72.


4Cf. Case of the Gómez Paquiyauri Brothers, supra note 26, para. 54; Case of the 19 Tradesmen, supra note 26, para. 65; and Case of Molina Theissen, supra note 26, para. 23.


5Supra note 42.

6Supra note 42.


7Supra note 42.


8Supra note 42.


9 Cf. Case of the 19 Tradesmen, supra note 26, para. 74; Case of Herrera Ulloa, supra note 29, para. 70; and Case of Myrna Mack Chang, supra note 40, para. 131.


10 Cf. Case of the 19 Tradesmen, supra note 26, para. 74; Case of Herrera Ulloa, supra note 29, para. 70; and Case of Myrna Mack Chang, supra note 40, para. 131.

11Cf. Case of the Gómez Paquiyauri Brothers, supra note 26, para. 60; Case of the 19 Tradesmen, supra note 26, para. 78; and Case of Molina Theissen, supra note 26, para. 31.

12Cf. Case of the Gómez Paquiyauri Brothers, supra note 26, para. 54; Case of Myrna Mack Chang, supra note 40, para. 130; and Case of Las Palmeras. Reparations (Art. 63(1) American Convention on Human Rights). Judgment of November 26, 2002. Series C No. 96, para. 30.


13Cf. Case of the Gómez Paquiyauri Brothers, supra note 26, para. 54; Case of the 19 Tradesmen, supra note 26, para. 65; and Case of Molina Theissen, supra note 26, para. 23.


14 Cf. Case of the Gómez Paquiyauri Brothers, supra note 26, para. 66; Case of the 19 Tradesmen, supra note 26, para. 82; and Case of Molina Theissen, supra note 26, para. 36.

15 Case of Durand and Ugarte, Preliminary Objections. Judgment of May 28, 1999. Series C No. 50, para. 48.


16 Cf. Article 63(2) of the American Convention; Case of Carlos Nieto et al.. Provisional Measures. Order of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights, July 9, 2004, second paragraph under ‘Considering’; Matter of Urso Branco Prison. Provisional Measures. Order of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights of July 7, 2004, second paragraph under ‘Considering’; and the Case of the “El Nacional” and “Así es la Noticia” Newspapers. Provisional Measures. Order of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights of July 6, 2004, second paragraph under ‘Considering’.

1 Cf. Case of the Gómez Paquiyauri Brothers, supra note 26, para. 178; and Case of the “Five Pensioners. Judgment of February 28, 2003. Series C No. 98, para. 153.


2 Cf. Case of the Gómez Paquiyauri Brothers, supra note 26, para. 178; Case of Myrna Mack Chang, supra note 40, para. 128; and Case of Bulacio. Judgment of September 18, 2003. Series C No. 100, para. 57.


3 Cf. Case of the Gómez Paquiyauri Brothers, supra note 26, para. 179; Case of Herrera Ulloa, supra note 29, para. 142; and Case of Maritza Urrutia. Judgment of November 27, 2003. Series C No. 103, para. 134.


4 Supra note 57.


5 Cf. Case of the Gómez Paquiyauri Brothers, supra note 26, para. 179; Case of the “Five Pensioners”, supra note 55, para. 156; and Case of Cantos. Judgment of November 28, 2002. Series C No. 9, para. 58.

1 Cf. Report of the coordinator of Human Rights of Paraguay (CODEHUPY), “Human Rights in Paraguay, 1996” (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 55, folio 642).


2 Cf. Amnesty International article titled: “Panchito López Juvenile Detention Centre: An opportunity for the Government of Paraguay to meet its promises” AI Index: AMR 45/004/2001, April 2001 (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 21, folio 329); report by the Coordinator of Human Rights of Paraguay (CODEHUPY), “Human Rights in Paraguay, 1996” (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 55, folio 647); excerpt from the book titled “Casas de Violencia. Situación carcelaria en el Paraguay,” by Jorge Rolón Luna (file of appendixes to the brief of preliminary objections, and comments on the brief of pleadings and motions, appendix 41, volume IV, folio 1588); testimony given by Mr. Raúl Guillermo Ramírez Bogado in the presence of a person with legal authority to authenticate documents, on March 26, 2004 (file of written statements supplied by the State, the Inter-American Commission and the alleged victims’ representatives, the Commission’s appendix, folio 197).


3 Cf. Report of the Coordinator of Human Rights of Paraguay (CODEHUPY), “Human Rights in Paraguay, 1996” (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 55, folio 647); record of the November 15, 2000 meeting, which the Permanent Mission of Paraguay to the Organization of American States supplied to the Inter-American Commission by note of January 16, 2001 (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 19, folio 276); excerpt from the book titled “Casas de Violencia. Situación carcelaria en el Paraguay,” by Jorge Rolón Luna (file of appendixes to the brief of preliminary objections, and comments on the brief of pleadings and motions, appendix 41, volume IV, folio 1588); testimony given by Ms. Mirtha Isabel Herreras Fleitas at the Office of the Chief Government Notary of the Republic of Paraguay, March 23, 2004 (file of written statements supplied by the State, the Inter-American Commission and the alleged victims’ representatives, the State’s appendix, folios 67-68).


4 Cf. testimony given by Mrs. Rosalía Figueredo before the Inter-American Court of Human Rights at the public hearing held on May 3, 2004; testimony given by Mr. Juan Antonio de la Vega Elorza before the Inter-American Court of Human Rights at the public hearing held on May 3, 2004; affidavit given by Mrs. María Teresa de Jesús Pérez in the presence of a person with legal authority to authenticate documents, on March 30, 2004 (file of written statements supplied by the State, the Inter-American Commission and the alleged victims’ representatives, representatives’ appendix, folio 251); questions that Ms. Viviana Krsticevic, Executive Director of CEJIL, asked of young Pedro Iván Peña, and his answers to those questions, which appear in a document dated March 26, 2004 (file of written statements supplied by the State, the Inter-American Commission and the alleged victims’ representatives, representatives’ appendix, folio 265).



5 Cf. Report of the Coordinator of Human Rights of Paraguay (CODEHUPY), “Human Rights in Paraguay, 1996” (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 55, folio 648); record of the November 15, 2000 meeting, which the Permanent Mission of Paraguay to the Organization of American States supplied to the Inter-American Commission by note of January 16, 2001 (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 19, folio 276).

6 Cf. Report of July 21, 1999, prepared by the Office of the Director General of Penal Institutions in Paraguay, concerning penal institutions in Paraguay (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 1-A, folio 11); excerpt from the book titled “Casas de Violencia. Situación carcelaria en el Paraguay,” by Jorge Rolón Luna (file of appendixes to the brief of preliminary objections, and comments on the brief of pleadings and motions, appendix 41, volume IV, folio 1589); Report of the Coordinator of Human Rights of Paraguay (CODEHUPY), “Human Rights in Paraguay, 1996” (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 55, folio 645); Report of July 21, 1999, prepared by the Office of the Director General of Penal Institutions in Paraguay, concerning penal institutions in Paraguay (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 1-A, folios 4, 11, 13 and 14); Amnesty International article titled: “Panchito López Juvenile Detention Centre: An opportunity for the Government of Paraguay to meet its promises” AI Index: AMR 45/004/2001, April 2001 (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 21, folio 329); testimony given by Mr. Michael Sean O’Loingsigh, before the Office of the Chief Government Notary of the Republic of Paraguay, March 23, 2004 (file of written statements supplied by the State, the Inter-American Commission and the alleged victims’ representatives, appendix for the State, folio 43); note dated June 18, 2001, from Father Michael Sean O'Loingsigh, Deputy Director of the ‘Panchito López’ Center, to Mr. Eustacio Rodríguez Benitez, Director of the Center (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 23, folio 395).


7 Cf. The State’s April 26, 2002 note to the Inter-American Commission (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 4, folio 123); record of the November 15, 2000 meeting, which the Permanent Mission of Paraguay to the Organization of American States supplied to the Inter-American Commission by note of January 16, 2001 (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 19, folio 276); document titled “ ‘Col. Panchito López’ Juvenile Correctional Facility, 1998 Report” (file of appendixes to the brief of preliminary objections, answer to the application and comments on the pleadings and motions, appendix 13, volume I, folio 293).


8 Cf. Affidavit of young Francisco Ramón Adorno, given in the presence of a person with legal authority to authenticate documents on March 26, 2004 (file of written statements supplied by the State, the Inter-American Commission and the alleged victims’ representatives, Commission appendix, folio 179).


9 Cf. Report of July 21, 1999, prepared by the Office of the Director General of Penal Institutions in Paraguay, concerning penal institutions in Paraguay (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 1-A, folios 12, 14 and 18); affidavit given by young Clemente Luis Escobar González in the presence of a person with legal authority to authenticate documents, on March 30, 2004 (file of written statements supplied by the State, the Inter-American Commission and the alleged victims’ representatives, representatives’ appendix, folio 236); affidavit of young Francisco Ramón Adorno, given in the presence of a person with legal authority to authenticate documents, on March 26, 2004 (file of written statements supplied by the State, the Inter-American Commission and the alleged victims’ representatives, Commission appendix, folios 180-181); Amnesty International publication titled “Panchito López Juvenile Detention Centre: An opportunity for the Government of Paraguay to meet its promises” AI Index: AMR 45/004/2001  (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 21, folio 328); document titled “‘Col. Panchito López’ Juvenile Correctional Facility, 1998 Report” (file of appendixes to the brief of preliminary objections, answer to the application and comments on the pleadings and motions, appendix 13, volume I, folio 285); excerpt from the book titled “Casas de Violencia. Situación carcelaria en el Paraguay,” by Jorge Rolón Luna (file of appendixes to the brief of preliminary objections, and comments on the brief of pleadings and motions, appendix 41, volume IV, folios 1594-1595); February 16, 2001 memorandum from the Director General of Human Rights to the Deputy Minister of Justice (file of appendixes to the written brief of pleadings and motions, appendix 18, volume I, folio 95); April 12, 1994 report by psychiatric experts Dr. Carlos Alberto Arestivo, Lic. Genaro Rivera Hunter and Lic. Mario Torres, which is in the file of the petition of generic habeas corpus filed with the Civil and Commercial Law Court of First Instance, Ninth Rotation, on behalf of the juveniles in the ‘Col. Panchito López’ Juvenile Reeducation Institute (file of appendixes to the written brief of pleadings and motions, appendix 1D, volume II, folios 379-380 and 382); testimony given by young Osmar López Verón in the presence of a person with legal authority to authenticate documents, on March 26, 2004 (file of written statements supplied by the State, the Inter-American Commission and the alleged victims’ representatives, Commission appendix, folios 190-191); testimony given by Ms. Dirma Monserrat Peña in the presence of a person with legal authority to authenticate documents, on March 30, 2004 (file of written statements supplied by the State, the Inter-American Commission and the alleged victims’ representatives, representatives’ appendix, folio 229); questions that Ms. Viviana Krsticevic, Executive Director of CEJIL, asked of young Raúl Esteban Portillo, and his answers to those questions, which appear in a document dated March 25, 2004 (file of written statements supplied by the State, the Inter-American Commission and the alleged victims’ representatives, representatives’ appendix, folio 282).


10 Cf. June 18, 2001 note from Father Michael Sean O'Loingsigh, Deputy Director of the ‘Panchito López’ Center, to Mr. Eustacio Rodríguez Benitez, the Center’s Director (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 23, folio 395).


11 Cf. testimony given by Ms. Gloria Carolina Noemí Nicora de Martínez at the Office of the Chief Government Notary of the Republic of Paraguay, March 22, 2004 (file of written statements supplied by the State, the Inter-American Commission and the alleged victims’ representatives, State appendix, folio 36); testimony given by Ms. Mirtha Isabel Herreras Fleitas at the Office of the Chief Government Notary of the Republic of Paraguay, March 23, 2004 (file of written statements supplied by the State, the Inter-American Commission and the alleged victims’ representatives, the State’s appendix, folio 72); testimony given by Mr. Dionisio Vega before the Inter-American Court of Human Rights at the public hearing held on May 3, 2004; testimony given by Ms. Rosalía Figueredo before the Inter-American Court of Human Rights at the public hearing held on May 3, 2004 .


12 Cf. testimony given by Ms. María Teresa de Jesús Pérez in the presence of a person with legal authority to authenticate documents, March 30, 2004 (file of written statements supplied by the State, the Inter-American Commission and the alleged victims’ representatives, representatives’ appendix, folio 258).


13 Cf. testimony given by Mr. Juan Antonio de la Vega Elorza in the presence of a person with legal authority to authenticate documents, December 10, 1993, which is in the file on the petition of generic habeas corpus filed with the Civil and Commercial Law Court of First Instance, Ninth Rotation, on behalf of the juveniles in the ‘Col. Panchito López’ Juvenile Reeducation Institute (file of appendixes to the written brief of pleadings and motions, appendix 1B, volume II, folio 371); testimony given by young Francisco Ramón Adorno in the presence of a person with legal authority to authenticate documents, March 26, 2004 (file of written statements supplied by the State, the Inter-American Commission and the alleged victims’ representatives, Commission appendix, folios 180-181); Amnesty International article titled: “Panchito López Juvenile Detention Centre: An opportunity for the Government of Paraguay to meet its promises” AI Index: AMR 45/004/2001, April 2001 (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 21, folio 329); excerpt from the book titled “Casas de Violencia. Situación carcelaria en el Paraguay,” by Jorge Rolón Luna (file of appendixes to the brief of preliminary objections, and comments on the brief of pleadings and motions, appendix 41, volume IV, folio 1600); April 13, 1994 report by psychiatric experts Dr. Carlos Alberto Arestivo, Lic. Genaro Rivera Hunter and Lic. Mario Torres, which is in the file of the petition of generic habeas corpus filed with the Civil and Commercial Law Court of First Instance, Ninth Rotation, on behalf of the juveniles in the ‘Col. Panchito López’ Juvenile Reeducation Institute (file of appendixes to the written brief of pleadings and motions, appendix 1D, volume II, folio 381).


14 Cf. testimony given by Mr. Juan Antonio de la Vega Elorza in the presence of a person with legal authority to authenticate documents, December 10, 1993, which is in the file of the petition of generic habeas corpus filed with the Civil and Commercial Law Court of First Instance, Ninth Rotation, on behalf of the juveniles in the ‘Col. Panchito López’ Juvenile Reeducation Institute (file of appendixes to the written brief of pleadings and motions, appendix 1B, volume II, folio 371); testimony given by Mr. Dionisio Vega before the Inter-American Court of Human Rights at the public hearing held on May 3, 2004; testimony given by Ms. María Teresa de Jesús Pérez in the presence of a person with legal authority to authenticate documents, March 30, 2004 (file of written statements supplied by the State, the Inter-American Commission and the alleged victims’ representatives, representatives’ appendix, folio 260); testimony given by young Francisco Ramón Adorno in the presence of a person with legal authority to authenticate documents, March 26, 2004 (file of written statements supplied by the State, the Inter-American Commission and the alleged victims’ representatives, Commission appendix, folio 180); report of the Coordinator of Human Rights of Paraguay (CODEHUPY), “Human Rights in Paraguay, 1996” (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 55, folio 648); testimony given by Ms. Dirma Monserrat Peña in the presence of a person with legal authority to authenticate documents, March 30, 2004 (file of written statements supplied by the State, the Inter-American Commission and the alleged victims’ representatives, representatives’ appendix, folio 229); testimony given by young Osmar López Verón in the presence of a person with legal authority to authenticate documents, March 26, 2004 (file of written statements supplied by the State, the Inter-American Commission and the alleged victims’ representatives, Commission appendix, folio 190).


15 Cf. Report of the Coordinator of Human Rights of Paraguay (CODEHUPY), “Human Rights in Paraguay, 1996” (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 55, folio 648); psychological report on young Sergio David Poletti Domínguez, in Case File No. 383 from 2000, titled “Preliminary inquiry into alleged punishable crimes (intentional homicide and grievous bodily harm) - Panchito López,” prepared by the Criminal Court of First Instance, Eighth Rotation (file of appendixes to the brief of preliminary objections, answer to the application and observations on the pleadings and motions, appendix 20, volume II, folio 687); testimony given by young Osmar López Verón in the presence of a person with legal authority to authenticate documents, March 26, 2004 (file of written statements supplied by the State, the Inter-American Commission and the alleged victims’ representatives, Commission appendix, folio 191); testimony given by Ms. Mirtha Isabel Herreras Fleitas at the Office of the Chief Government Notary of the Republic of Paraguay, March 23, 2004 (file of written statements supplied by the State, the Inter-American Commission and the alleged victims’ representatives, the State’s appendix, folio 73); testimony given by Mr. Juan Antonio de la Vega Elorza before the Inter-American Court of Human Rights at the public hearing held on May 3, 2004.


16 Cf. expert opinion given by Mr. Mario Torres before the Inter-American Court of Human Rights at the public hearing held on May 3, 2004; July 16, 2001 letter from Mr. Eustacio Rodríguez Benítez, Director of the ‘Panchito López’ Center, to Dr. Marciano Rodríguez Baez, Director General of Penal Institutions (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 28, folios 417-421); July 17, 2001 letter from Mr. Eustacio Rodríguez Benítez to Dr. Silvio Ferreira, Minister of Justice and Labor (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 29, folio 422).


17 Cf. testimony given by Ms. Teresa Alcaráz de Mencia at the Office of the Chief Government Notary of the Republic of Paraguay, March 25, 2004 (file of written statements supplied by the State, the Inter-American Commission and the alleged victims’ representatives, State appendix, folio 21); testimony given by Mr. Michael Sean O’Loingsigh at the Office of the Chief Government Notary of the Republic of Paraguay, March 23, 2004 (file of written statements supplied by the State, the Inter-American Commission and the alleged victims’ representatives, State appendix, folio 42); December 6, 2002 report prepared by Ms. Teresa Alcaráz de Mencia, Teaching Supervisor for Zone 14, for Ms. Lorenza Duarte, Director of Youth and Adult Education at the Ministry of Education and Culture, concerning education at the Itauguá Center (file of appendixes to the brief of preliminary objections, answer to the application and observations on the pleadings and motions, appendix 22, volume III, folio 852); document titled “ ‘Col. Panchito López’ Juvenile Reeducation Institute [...] 1998 Report” (file of appendixes to the brief of preliminary objections, answer to the application and observations on the pleadings and motions, appendix 13, volume I, folio 285).

18 Cf. expert testimony given by Mr. Mario Torres before the Inter-American Court of Human Rights at the public hearing held on May 3, 2004; Amnesty International article titled: “Panchito López Juvenile Detention Centre: An opportunity for the Government of Paraguay to meet its promises” AI Index: AMR 45/004/2001, April 2001 (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 21, folio 330); excerpt from the book titled “Casas de Violencia. Situación carcelaria en el Paraguay”, written by Jorge Rolón Luna (file of appendixes to the brief of preliminary objections, answer to the application and observations on the pleadings and motions, appendix 41, volume IV, folio 1598).


19 Cf. document titled “ ‘Col. Panchito López’ Juvenile Reeducation Institute [...] 1998 Report” (file of appendixes to the brief of preliminary objections, pleadings and motions, appendix 13, volume I, folio 287).


20 Cf. April 26, 2002, communication from the State to the Inter-American Commission (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 4, folios 123-124); April 26, 2002, communication from the State to the Inter-American Commission (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 4, folio 124).


21 Cf. Report of July 21, 1999, prepared by the Office of the Director General of Penal Institutions in Paraguay, concerning penal institutions in Paraguay (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 1-A, folio 17); and April 26, 2002 communication from the State to the Inter-American Commission (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 4, folio 124).


22 Cf. testimony given by Ms. Mirtha Isabel Herreras Fleitas at the Office of the Chief Government Notary of the Republic of Paraguay, March 23, 2004 (file of written statements supplied by the State, the Inter-American Commission and the alleged victims’ representatives, State’s appendix, folio 70); Report of July 21, 1999, prepared by the Office of the Director General of Penal Institutions in Paraguay, concerning penal institutions in Paraguay (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 1-A, folio 17); and March 6, 2000 record of the appearance of Mr. Luis Alberto Barreto Ayala, security guard in charge of the inmates at the ‘Panchito López’ Center, before the Fourth Criminal Trial and Sentencing Court (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 27, folio 416).


23 Cf. testimony given by young Clemente Luis Escobar González in the presence of a person with legal authority to authenticate documents, March 30, 2004 (file of written statements supplied by the State, the Inter-American Commission and the alleged victims’ representatives, representatives’ appendix, folio 235); testimony given by Ms. Dirma Monserrat Peña in the presence of a person with legal authority to authenticate documents, March 30, 2004 (file of written statements supplied by the State, the Inter-American Commission and the alleged victims’ representatives, representatives’ appendix, folios 225-229); testimony given by Ms. María Teresa de Jesús Pérez in the presence of a person with legal authority to authenticate documents, March 30, 2004 (file of written statements supplied by the State, the Inter-American Commission and the alleged victims’ representatives, representatives’ appendix, folios 253-254); testimony given by young Francisco Ramón Adorno in the presence of a person with legal authority to authenticate documents, March 26, 2004 (file of written statements supplied by the State, the Inter-American Commission and the alleged victims’ representatives, Commission appendix, folio 184); testimony given by young Osmar López Verón in the presence of a person with legal authority to authenticate documents, March 26, 2004 (file of written statements supplied by the State, the Inter-American Commission and the alleged victims’ representatives, Commission appendix, folio 191); testimony given by Ms. Teofista Domínguez before the Inter-American Court of Human Rights at the public hearing held on May 3, 2004; testimony given by Ms. Felipa Venicia Valdez before the Inter-American Court of Human Rights at the public hearing held on May 3, 2004; expert testimony given by Mr. Mario Torres before the Inter-American Court of Human Rights at the public hearing held on May 3, 2004; expert testimony given by Ms. Ana Deutsch before the Inter-American Court of Human Rights at the public hearing held on May 3, 2004; July 30, 2001 note from Mr. Eustacio Rodríguez Benítez, Director of the Center, to attorney Gloria Benítez, prosecutorial agent for juvenile offenders (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 25, folio 398); excerpt from the book titled “Casas de Violencia. Situación carcelaria en el Paraguay”, written by Jorge Rolón Luna (file of appendixes to the brief of preliminary objections, answer to the application and observations on the pleadings and motions, appendix 41, volume IV, folios 1600-1601); April 19, 1994 report prepared by the expert social worker Stella Mary García Agüero, which appears in the document titled “Excerpts from the file on the petition of generic habeas corpus filed with the Civil and Commercial Law Court of First Instance, Ninth Rotation, on behalf of the juveniles in the “Col. Panchito López” Juvenile Reeducation Institute (file of appendixes to the written brief of pleadings and motions, appendix 1E, volume II, folio 392); questions that Ms. Viviana Krsticevic, Executive Director of CEJIL, asked of young Pedro Iván Peña and his answers to them, which appear in a document dated March 26, 2004 (file of written statements supplied by the State, the Inter-American Commission and the alleged victims’ representatives, representatives’ appendix, folio 266); questions that Ms. Viviana Krsticevic, Executive Director of CEJIL, asked of young Raúl Esteban Portillo, and his answers to them, which appear in a document dated March 25, 2004 (file of written statements supplied by the State, the Inter-American Commission and the alleged victims’ representatives, representatives’ appendix, folios 275-276).


24 Cf. testimony given by young Clemente Luis Escobar González in the presence of a person with legal authority to authenticate documents on March 30, 2004 (file of written statements supplied by the State, the Inter-American Commission and the alleged victims’ representatives, representatives’ appendix, folios 235-236); expert opinion given by Mr. Mario Torres before the Inter-American Court of Human Rights at the public hearing held on May 3, 2004; expert opinion given by Ms. Ana Deutsch before the Inter-American Court of Human Rights at the public hearing held on May 3, 2004; testimony given by Ms. Felipa Venicia Valdez before the Inter-American Court of Human Rights at the public hearing held on May 3, 2004; testimony given by Mr. Juan Antonio de la Vega Elorza before the Inter-American Court of Human Rights at the public hearing held on May 3, 2004; testimony given by Mrs. Teofista Domínguez before the Inter-American Court of Human Rights at the public hearing held on May 3, 2004; testimony given by Mr. Dionisio Vega before the Inter-American Court of Human Rights at the public hearing held on May 3, 2004; testimony given by Mrs. Dirma Monserrat Peña in the presence of a person with legal authority to authenticate documents, March 30, 2004 (file of written statements supplied by the State, the Inter-American Commission and the alleged victims’ representatives, representatives’ appendix, folio 229); questions that Ms. Viviana Krsticevic, Executive Director of CEJIL, asked of young Pedro Iván Peña and his answers to those questions, which appear in a document dated March 26, 2004 (file of written statements supplied by the State, the Inter-American Commission and the alleged victims’ representatives, representatives’ appendix, folios 265-266); questions that Ms. Viviana Krsticevic, Executive Director of CEJIL, asked of young Raúl Esteban Portillo and his answers to those questions, which appear in a document dated March 25, 2004 (file of written statements supplied by the State, the Inter-American Commission and the alleged victims’ representatives, representatives’ appendix, folios 275-276); expert opinion given by Mr. Carlos Arestivo in the presence of a person with legal authority to authenticate documents, March 25, 2004 (file of written statements supplied by the State, the Inter-American Commission and the alleged victims’ representatives, Commission appendix, folio 210).


25 Cf. April 2, 2001 note from the Director General of Penal Institutions, who intervened in the ‘Panchito López’ Center, to the directors of the Col. Oviedo and Villa Rica prisons, sending them five juveniles as a disciplinary measure (file of appendixes to the written brief of pleadings and motions, appendix 25, volume I, folios 113-114).


26 Cf. July 17, 2001 letter from Mr. Eustacio Rodríguez Benítez to Dr. Silvio Ferreira, Minister of Justice and Labor (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 29, folio 422); testimony given by Mr. Juan Antonio de la Vega Elorza before the Inter-American Court of Human Rights at the public hearing held on May 3, 2004; questions that Ms. Viviana Krsticevic, Executive Director of CEJIL, asked of young Raúl Esteban Portillo and his answers, which appear in a document dated March 25, 2004 (file of written statements supplied by the State, the Inter-American Commission and the alleged victims’ representatives, representatives’ appendix, folio 281).

27 Cf. expert testimony given by Mr. Pedro Juan Mayor Martínez at the Office of the Chief Government Notary of the Republic of Paraguay, March 25, 2004 (file of written statements supplied by the State, the Inter-American Commission and the alleged victims’ representatives, State’s appendix, folio 163).


28 Cf. Articles 234 to 236 of the Code of Criminal Procedure.


29 Cf. expert testimony given by Mr. Luis Emilio Escobar Faella before the Inter-American Court of Human Rights during the public hearing held on May 5, 2004.

30


 Cf. Report of July 21, 1999, prepared by the Office of the Director General of Penal Institutions in Paraguay, concerning penal institutions in Paraguay (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 1-A, folio 4); and Amnesty International article titled: “Panchito López Juvenile Detention Centre: An opportunity for the Government of Paraguay to meet its promises” AI Index: AMR 45/004/2001, April 2001 (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 21, folio 328).


31 Cf. Amnesty International article titled: “Panchito López Juvenile Detention Centre: An opportunity for the Government of Paraguay to meet its promises” AI Index: AMR 45/004/2001, April 2001 (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 21, folio 328); excerpt from the book titled “Casas de Violencia. Situación carcelaria en el Paraguay”, by Jorge Rolón Luna (file of appendixes to the brief of preliminary objections, answer to the application and observations on the pleadings and motions, volume IV, appendix 41, folio 1602); April 26, 2002 communication from the State to the Inter-American Commission (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 4, folio 125); testimony given by young Francisco Ramón Adorno in the presence of a person with legal authority to authenticate documents, March 26, 2004 (file of written statements supplied by the State, the Inter-American Commission and the alleged victims’ representatives, Commission’s appendix, folio 179).


32 Cf. Combined list, dated November 19, 2001, which the Commission sent to the Court containing information on the persons who were inmates at the Center in the period from August 14, 1996 to July 25, 2001 (file on the merits, volume V, folios 1313-1435).


33 Uncontested fact.


34 Cf. expert testimony given by Mr. Luis Emilio Escobar Faella before the Inter-American Court of Human Rights at the public hearing held on May 5, 2004; document titled “‘Col. Panchito López’ Juvenile Correctional Facility, 1998 Report” (file of appendixes to the brief of preliminary objections, answer to the application and comments on the pleadings and motions, appendix 13, volume I, folio 293); testimony given by young Francisco Ramón Adorno in the presence of a person with legal authority to authenticate documents, March 26, 2004 (file of written statements supplied by the State, the Inter-American Commission and the alleged victims’ representatives, Commission’s appendix, folio 184).


35 Cf. Report on the February 11, 2000 fire, prepared by the Office of the Director General of Human Rights of the Ministry of Justice and Labor (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 2, folios 88-93 et seq.); list of children and adolescents sent to adult prisons (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 41, folio 515 et seq.); “‘Col. Panchito López’ Juvenile Correctional Facility, 1998 Report” (file of appendixes to the brief of preliminary objections, answer to the application and comments on the pleadings and motions, appendix 13, volume I, folio 284); February 22, 2001 report by the person assigned to intervene in the ‘Panchito López’ Center, to the Deputy Minister of Justice concerning the activities undertaken in the wake of the February 2001 fire (file of appendixes to the written brief of pleadings and motions, appendix 21, volume I, folio 101); testimony given by young Francisco Ramón Adorno in the presence of a person with legal authority to authenticate documents, March 26, 2004 (file of written statements supplied by the State, the Inter-American Commission and the alleged victims’ representatives, Commission’s appendix, folio 184); testimony given by Ms. María Elizabeth Flores Negri at the Office of the Chief Government Notary of the Republic of Paraguay, March 24, 2004 (file of written statements supplied by the State, the Inter-American Commission and the alleged victims’ representatives, State’s appendix, folio 117); testimony given by Mr. Juan Antonio de la Vega Elorza before the Inter-American Court of Human Rights at the public hearing held on May 3, 2004; September 17, 2001 report sent by the Office of the Director General of Human Rights of the Republic of Paraguay to the Deputy Minister of Justice (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 30, folio 431).


36 Cf. March 2002 report that the Ministry of Justice and Labor sent to the Inter-American Commission concerning the measures the State had taken to comply with the recommendations made by the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights in its “Third Report on the Situation of Human Rights in Paraguay” (file of appendixes to the brief of preliminary objections, answer to the application and observations on the pleadings and motions, appendix 11, volume I, folio 241); testimony of Ana María de Jesús Llanes Ferreira, magistrate, at the Office of the Chief Government Notary of the Republic of Paraguay, March 23, 2004 (file of written statements supplied by the State, the Inter-American Commission and the alleged victims’ representatives, State’s appendix, folio 85); testimony of Maureen Antoinette Herman, an official with PROJOVEN, given at the Office of the Chief Government Notary of the Republic of Paraguay, March 23, 2004 (file of written statements supplied by the State, the Inter-American Commission and the alleged victims’ representatives, State’s appendix, folio 92); testimony given by young Clemente Luis Escobar González in the presence of a person with legal authority to authenticate documents, March 30, 2004 (file of written statements supplied by the State, the Inter-American Commission and the alleged victims’ representatives, representatives’ appendix, folio 235); testimony given by Mr. Juan Antonio de la Vega Elorza before the Inter-American Court of Human Rights at the public hearing held on May 3, 2004 .


37 Cf. testimony given by Mr. Juan Antonio de la Vega Elorza in the presence of a person with legal authority to authenticate documents, December 10, 1993, which is in the file for the petition of generic habeas corpus filed with the Civil and Commercial Law Court of First Instance, Ninth Rotation, on behalf of the juveniles in the ‘Col. Panchito López’ Juvenile Reeducation Institute (file of appendixes to the written brief of pleadings and motions, appendix 1B, volume II, folio 371); April 12, 1994 report by psychiatric experts Dr. Carlos Alberto Arestivo, Lic. Genaro Rivera Hunter and Lic. Mario Torres, which is in the file of the petition of generic habeas corpus filed with the Civil and Commercial Law Court of First Instance, Ninth Rotation, on behalf of the juveniles in the ‘Col. Panchito López’ Juvenile Reeducation Institute (file of appendixes to the written brief of pleadings and motions, appendix 1D, volume II, folio 381).


38 Cf. expert testimony given by Mr. Mario Torres before the Inter-American Court of Human Rights at the public hearing held on May 3, 2004; document titled “Concluding Observations of the Committee on the Rights of the Child: Paraguay 06/11/2001” CRC/C/15/Add.166 (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 51, folio 612); document titled “‘Col. Panchito López’ Juvenile Correctional Facility, 1998 Report” (file of appendixes to the brief of preliminary objections, answer to the application and comments on the pleadings and motions, appendix 13, volume I, folio 293); testimony given by young Clemente Luis Escobar González in the presence of a person with legal authority to authenticate documents, March 30, 2004 (file of written statements supplied by the State, the Inter-American Commission and the alleged victims’ representatives, representatives’ appendix, folio 235); testimony given by Mr. Juan Antonio de la Vega Elorza in the presence of a person with legal authority to authenticate documents, December 10, 1993, which is in the file for the petition of generic habeas Corpus filed with the Civil and Commercial Law Court of First Instance, Ninth Rotation, on behalf of the juveniles in the ‘Col. Panchito López’ Juvenile Reeducation Institute (file of appendixes to the written brief of pleadings and motions, appendix 1B, volume II, folios 371-372); April 12, 1994 report by psychiatric experts Dr. Carlos Alberto Arestivo, Lic. Genaro Rivera Hunter and Lic. Mario Torres, which is in the file of the petition of generic habeas corpus filed with the Civil and Commercial Law Court of First Instance, Ninth Rotation, on behalf of the juveniles in the ‘Col. Panchito López’ Juvenile Reeducation Institute (file of appendixes to the written brief of pleadings and motions, appendix 1D, volume II, folios 379-380 and 382); questions that Ms. Viviana Krsticevic, Executive Director of CEJIL, asked of young Raúl Esteban Portillo, and his answers to them, which appear in a document dated March 25, 2004 (file of written statements supplied by the State, the Inter-American Commission and the alleged victims’ representatives, representatives’ appendix, folio 273).


39 Cf. Report of the Coordinator of Human Rights of Paraguay (CODEHUPY), “Human Rights in Paraguay, 1996” (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 55, folio 648); July 17, 2001 letter from Mr. Eustacio Rodríguez Benítez to Dr. Silvio Ferreira, Minister of Justice and Labor (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 29, folio 422); results of the laboratory analysis done on the bodies of young Elvio Epifanio Acosta Ocampos and Sergio Daniel Vega Figueredo (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 32-B, folios 470-474); Record No. 14 of February 11, 2000, prepared by the DAEP Senior Chief Franco Ferreira Rodríguez, Head of the Legal Department, Asunción, Paraguay (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 33, folio 475); Record of February 18, 2000, concerning the statement made by Mr. Freddy Portillo before the Criminal Court of First Instance, Eighth Rotation (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 34, folio 477); Record of March 13, 2000, concerning the statement made by Mr. Jorge Melitón Bittar Cortessi before the Criminal Court of First Instance, Eighth Rotation (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 35, folio 479).


40 Cf. document titled “Concluding Observations of the Committee on the Rights of the Child: Paraguay 06/11/2001” CRC/C/15/Add.166 (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 51, folios 601-613, esp. 612); complaint that “Defence of Children International” filed on March 20, 2000, with the Senate Human Rights Commission, published at http://www.diarioabc.com.py (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 53, folio 634); notes dated February 6 and 7, 2001, sent by nongovernmental organizations and public figures to the Ambassador of Paraguay in Washington, D.C., concerning human rights violations at the ‘Panchito López’ Center (file of appendixes to the written brief of pleadings and motions, appendix 16, volume I, folios 83-90); note of February 8, 2001, from the Ambassador of Paraguay in Washington, D.C., to the Minister of Justice and Labor wherein he informs the Minister of the protest notes and claims of human rights violations in connection with the case of the ‘Panchito López’ Center (file of appendixes to the written brief of pleadings and motions, appendix 17, volume I, folio 92); testimony given by Ms. María Elizabeth Flores Negri at the Office of the Chief Government Notary of the Republic of Paraguay, March 24, 2004 (file of written statements supplied by the State, the Inter-American Commission and the alleged victims’ representatives, State’s appendix, folio 115); testimony given by Mr. Fernando Vicente Canillas Vera at the Office of the Chief Government Notary of the Republic of Paraguay, March 22, 2004 (file of written statements supplied by the State, the Inter-American Commission and the alleged victims’ representatives, State’s appendix, folio 6); testimony given by Ms. Ana María De Jesús Llanes Ferreira at the Office of the Chief Government Notary of the Republic of Paraguay, March 23, 2004 (file of written statements supplied by the State, the Inter-American Commission and the alleged victims’ representatives, State’s appendix, folio 89); March 9, 2001 report titled “Third Report on the Situation of Human Rights in Paraguay”, prepared by the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 24, folios 807 and 808); note dated July 26, 2001, from Ms. Gloria Elizabeth Ramírez, criminal prosecutorial agent for juvenile offenders, to the deputy prosecutor, Dr. Diosnel Cansio Rodríguez, with regard to the July 26, 2001 fire and the complaints received by the Specialized Unit for Juvenile Offenders in connection with the constant threat of the outbreak of riots at the Center (file of appendixes to the brief of preliminary objections, answer to the application and observations on the pleadings and motions, appendix 24, volume III, folio 900).


41 Cf. testimony given by Ms. María Elizabeth Flores Negri at the Office of the Chief Government Notary of the Republic of Paraguay, March 24, 2004 (file of written statements supplied by the State, the Inter-American Commission and the alleged victims’ representatives, State’s appendix, folio 116).


42 Cf. Brief filing the petition of generic habeas corpus, dated November 12, 1993 (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 52, folios 614-633 and file of appendixes to the written brief of pleadings and motions, appendix 39, volume I, folio 240); Report of the Coordinator of Human Rights of Paraguay (CODEHUPY), “Human Rights in Paraguay, 1996” (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 55, volume I, folio 649); Judgment of the Civil and Commercial Law Court of First Instance, Ninth Rotation, Final Decision No. 652, July 31, 1998 (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 20, folios 289 et seq.).


43 Cf. Brief filing the petition of generic habeas corpus, dated November 12, 1993 (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 52, folios 614-633 and file of appendixes to the written brief of pleadings and motions, appendix 39, volume I, folio 240).


44 Cf. Judgment of the Civil and Commercial Law Court of First Instance, Ninth Rotation, Final Decision No. 652, July 31, 1998 (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 20, folio 320); brief filing the petition of generic habeas corpus, November 12, 1993 (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 52, folios 614-633).


45 Uncontested fact.


46 Cf. February 14, 2000 report sent by staff of the Judicial Investigation Center to Mr. Fabio Martínez Coronel, Chief of the Judicial Investigation Center, in connection with the investigation into the February 11, 2000 fire (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 47, folio 556); February 16, 2000 crime laboratory report sent by the Criminal Investigation Department of the Paraguayan National Police to Police Chief Nestro Vera Planas, Chief of the Criminology Division (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 47, folios 562-566);


47 Cf. List of death certificates and of certificates of medical diagnosis (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 3, folios 101-111); Record No. 14 of February 11, 2000, prepared by DAEP Senior Police Chief Mr. Franco Ferreira Rodríguez, Head of the Judicial Investigation Department, Asunción, Paraguay (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 33, folio 475); Record of February 18, 2000, concerning the statement made by Mr. Freddy Portillo before the Criminal Court of First Instance, Eighth Rotation (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 34, folio 477); Record of March 13, 2000, concerning the statement given by Mr. Jorge Melitón Bittar Cortessi before the Criminal Court of First Instance, Eighth Rotation (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 35, folio 479); February 14, 2000 report sent by staff of the Judicial Investigation Center to Mr. Fabio Martínez Coronel, Chief of the Judicial Investigation Center, in connection with the investigation into the February 11, 2000 fire (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 47, folio 556); February 16, 2000 crime laboratory report sent by the Criminal Investigation Department of the Paraguayan National Police to Police Chief Nestro Vera Planas, Chief of the Criminology Division (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 47, folios 562-566); medical certificates, dated April 11, 2000, prepared by Dr. Miguel Angel Insaurralde, Director of the National Burns Center (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 47, folios 567-591); case file No. 383 from 2000, titled “Preliminary inquiry into alleged punishable crimes (intentional homicide and grievous bodily harm) - Panchito López,” heard by the Criminal Court of First Instance, Eighth Rotation (file of appendixes to the brief of preliminary objections, answer to the application and observations on the pleadings and motions, appendix 18, volume I, folios 340 et seq.).


48 Cf. List of death certificates and of certificates of medical diagnosis (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 3, folios 101-111); Record No. 14 of February 11, 2000, prepared by the DAEP Senior Chief Franco Ferreira Rodríguez, Head of the Judicial Investigation Department, Asunción, Paraguay (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 33, folio 475); Record of February 18, 2000, concerning the statement made by Mr. Freddy Portillo before the Criminal Court of First Instance, Eighth Rotation (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 34, folio 477); Record of March 13, 2000 concerning the statement given by Mr. Jorge Melitón Bittar Cortessi before the Criminal Court of First Instance, Eighth Rotation (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 35, folio 470); February 14, 2000 report sent by staff of the Judicial Investigation Center to Mr. Fabio Martínez Coronel, Chief of the Judicial Investigation Center, in connection with the investigation into the February 11, 2000 fire (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 47, folio 556); February 16, 2000 crime laboratory report sent by the Criminal Investigation Department of the Paraguayan National Police to Police Chief Nestro Vera Planas, Chief of the Criminology Division (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 47, folios 562-566); medical certificates, dated April 11, 2000, prepared by Dr. Miguel Angel Insaurralde, Director of the National Burns Center (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 47, folios 567-591); case file No. 383 from 2000, titled “Preliminary inquiry into alleged punishable crimes (intentional homicide and grievous bodily harm) - Panchito López,” heard by the Criminal Court of First Instance, Eighth Rotation (file of appendixes to the brief of preliminary objections, answer to the application and observations on the pleadings and motions, appendix 18, volume I, folios 340 et seq.).


49 Cf. Report on the February 11, 2000 fire, prepared by the Office of the Director General of Human Rights of the Ministry of Justice and Labor (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 2, folio 78).


50 Cf. Expert report on the February 11, 2000 fire, done by expert Rubén Valdez, designated by the Fourth Criminal Trial and Sentencing Court of First Instance, as part of the investigation in the “Preliminary inquiry into allegations of intentional homicide and grievous bodily harm at the Panchito López Center” (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 32-a, folio 452); Case File No. 383 from 2000, titled “Preliminary inquiry into alleged punishable crimes (intentional homicide and grievous bodily harm) - Panchito López,” prepared by the Criminal Court of First Instance, Eighth Rotation (file of appendixes to the brief of preliminary objections, answer to the application and observations on the pleadings and motions, appendix 18, volume I, folio 415); testimony given by Mr. Walter Abel Mererles Congo in Case No. 383 of 2000 titled “Preliminary inquiry into alleged punishable offenses (intentional homicide and grievous bodily injury– Panchito López,” heard by the Criminal Court of First Instance, Eighth Rotation (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 43, folio 537).


51 Cf. Record of February 18, 2000, concerning the statement made by Mr. Freddy Portillo before the Criminal Court of First Instance, Eighth Rotation (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 34, folio 478).


52 Cf. Record of February 18, 2000, concerning the statement made by Mr. Freddy Portillo before the Criminal Court of First Instance, Eighth Rotation (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 34, folio 478).


53 Cf. Report issued by the Volunteer Fire Brigade of Paraguay, General Headquarters, concerning the February 5, 2001 fire (file of appendixes to the brief of preliminary exceptions, answer to the brief and observations on the pleadings and motions, appendix 9, folio 132)


54 Cf. List of inmates burned and hospitalized on February 5, 2001 (file of appendixes to the brief of pleadings and motions, appendix 15, volume I, folio 82).

55 Cf. Report on the July 25, 2001 riot, which the Acting Chief of Guards, Mr. Sergio Hermosilla, sent to the Center’s Chief of Security (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 36, folio 481); report on the fire that occurred at the Institute on Wednesday, July 25, 2001 (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 39, folio 495); document titled “Adolescents deprived of liberty: some thoughts. Measures proposed by the Deputy Minister of Justice, Fernando Vicente Canillas Vera. July 30, 2001” (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 26, folio 405); report on the July 25, 2001 riot, which the Acting Chief of Guards, Mr. Sergio Hermosilla, sent to the Center’s Chief of Security (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 36, folio 481); report on the fire at the Center on Wednesday, July 25, 2001 (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 39, folio 495); report by the Volunteer Fire Brigade of Paraguay, General Headquarters, on the July 25, 2001 fire (file of appendixes to the brief of preliminary objections, answer to the application and observations on the pleadings and motions, appendix 9, volume I, folio 133); and prosecution case file No. 9199, titled “inmate riot” on July 25, 2001 (file of appendixes to the brief of preliminary objections, answer to the application and observations on the pleadings and motions, appendix 24, volume III, folio 876).


56 Cf. Death certificate of young Benito Augusto Adorno (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 6, folio 142); and file of appendixes to the written brief of pleadings and motions, appendix 31, volume I, folio 198).


57 Cf. Note dated July 26, 2001, from DEJAP Police Chief Fermín Valenzuela Bado, to the criminal prosecutorial agent on duty (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 27, folio 483); file of the fire of the 27th (sic) of July 2001, Office of the Juvenile Criminal Prosecutor (file of appendixes to the written brief of pleadings and motions, appendix 31, volume I, folios 125 and 127).


58 Cf. note dated June 18, 2001, from Father Michael Sean O'Loingsigh, Deputy Director of the ‘Panchito López’ Center, to Mr. Eustacio Rodríguez Benitez, Director of the Center (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 23, folio 395); July 16, 2001 note from Father Michael Sean O’Loingsigh to Mr. Eustacio Rodríguez, Director of the Center (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 28, folio 417); and July 17, 2001 letter that staff of the Center sent to Mr. Eustacio Rodríguez, Director of the Center (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 29, folio 423).


59 Cf. The State’s April 26, 2002 communication to the Inter-American Commission (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 4, folio 114); and document titled “Adolescents deprived of liberty: some thoughts. Measures proposed by the Deputy Minister of Justice, Fernando Vicente Canillas Vera. July 30, 2001” (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 26, folio 400).

60 Cf. testimony given by Mr. Fernando Vicente Canillas Vera at the Office of the Chief Government Notary of the Republic of Paraguay, March 22, 2004 (file of written statements supplied by the State, the Inter-American Commission and the alleged victims’ representatives, State’s appendix, folio 5); testimony given by Ms. Teresa de Jesús Almirón Fernández at the Office of the Chief Government Notary of the Republic of Paraguay, March 30, 2004 (file of written statements supplied by the State, the Inter-American Commission and the alleged victims’ representatives, State’s appendix, folio 26); copy of the report on the February 11, 2000 fire prepared by the Office of the Director General of Human Rights of the Ministry of Justice and Labor (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 2, folio 78); August 29, 2002 report prepared by the Director of the National Burns Center, in reply to Note NSSEJ No. 374 from the Deputy Minister of Justice (file of appendixes to the brief of preliminary objections, answer to the application and observations on the pleadings and motions, appendix 32, volume III, folios 1229-1232); testimony of Teofista Domínguez, mother of a deceased former inmate at the Center, given before the Court on May 3, 2004; testimony given by María Teresa de Jesús Pérez in the presence of a person with legal authority to authenticate documents, March 30, 2004 (file of written statements supplied by the State, the Inter-American Commission and the alleged victims’ representatives, representatives’ appendix, folio 252).


61 Cf. Testimony of Fernando Vicente Canillas Vera given at the Office of the Chief Government Notary of the Republic of Paraguay, March 22, 2004 (file of written statements supplied by the State, the Inter-American Commission and the alleged victims’ representatives, State’s appendix, folio 5); testimony given by Ms. Teresa de Jesús Almirón Fernández at the Office of the Chief Government Notary of the Republic of Paraguay, March 30, 2004 (file of written statements supplied by the State, the Inter-American Commission and the alleged victims’ representatives, State’s appendix, folio 27); testimony given by Mr. Dionisio Vega before the Inter-American Court of Human Rights at the public hearing held on May 3, 2004; testimony given by Mrs. Teofista Domínguez before the Inter-American Court of Human Rights at the public hearing held on May 3, 2004.


62 Cf. Testimony given by Ms. María Teresa de Jesús Pérez in the presence of a person with legal authority to authenticate documents, March 30, 2004 (file of written statements supplied by the State, the Inter-American Commission and the alleged victims’ representatives, representatives’ appendix, folio 252); testimony given by Ms. Teofista Domínguez before the Inter-American Court of Human Rights at the public hearing held on May 3, 2004; and testimony given by young Francisco Ramón Adorno in the presence of a person with legal authority to authenticate documents, March 26, 2004 (file of written statements supplied by the State, the Inter-American Commission and the alleged victims’ representatives, Commission’s appendix, folio 185).


63 Cf. April 26, 2002 communication from the State to the Inter-American Commission (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 4, folio 114); March 2002 report that the Ministry of Justice sent to the Inter-American Commission concerning the measures the State had taken to comply with the recommendations made by the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights in its “Third Report on the Situation of Human Rights in Paraguay” (file of appendixes to the brief of preliminary objections, answer to the application and observations on the pleadings and motions, appendix 11, volume I, folio 244).


64 Cf. Amnesty International article titled: “Panchito López Juvenile Detention Centre: An opportunity for the Government of Paraguay to meet its promises” AI Index: AMR 45/004/2001, April 2001 (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 21, folio 330).


65 Cf. report on the February 11, 2001 fire, prepared by the Office of the Director General of Human Rights of the Ministry of Justice and Labor (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 2, folio 85).


66 Cf. note dated June 18, 2001, from Father Michael Sean O'Loingsigh, Deputy Director of the ‘Panchito López’ Center, to Mr. Eustacio Rodríguez Benitez, Director of the Center (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 23, folio 395); plan for transfers from the ‘Panchito López’ Center to the Itauguá Education Center (file of appendixes to the written brief of pleadings and motions, appendix 36, volume I, folio 236).


67 Cf. Note dated July 26, 2001, from the Chief of the Fourth Metropolitan Police Precinct to the Criminal Prosecutor on duty at the Public Ministry concerning the July 25, 2001 fire (file of appendixes to the written brief of pleadings and motions, appendix 31, volume I, folio 127); the State’s April 26, 2002 communication to the Inter-American Commission (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 4, folio 114); testimony given by Ms. Ana María de Jesús Llanes Ferreira at the Office of the Chief Government Notary of the Republic of Paraguay, March 23, 2004 (file of written statements supplied by the State, the Inter-American Commission and the alleged victims’ representatives, State’s appendix, folio 86); document titled “Adolescents deprived of liberty: some thoughts. Measures proposed by the Vice Minister of Justice, Fernando Vicente Canillas Vera. July 30, 2001” (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 26, folio 400); note dated September 17, 2001, from the Office of the Director General of Human Rights of Paraguay to the Deputy Minister of Justice (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 30, folio 428); Note dated July 26, 2001, from DEJAP Police Chief Fermín Valenzuela Bado, to the criminal prosecutorial agent on duty (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 27, folio 483); report on the fire at the Center on Wednesday, July 25, 2001 (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 39, folios 496-497); August 15, 2001 report sent by an unidentified commission to the Ministry of Justice and Labor, concerning visits to the Villarrica and Coronel Oviedo prisons (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 45, folio 544); March 2002 report that the Ministry of Justice sent to the Inter-American Commission concerning measures taken to comply with the recommendations made by the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights in its “Third Report on the Situation of Human Rights in Paraguay” (file of appendixes to the brief of preliminary objections, answer to the application and observations on the pleadings and motions, appendix 11, volume I, folios 243 et seq.); document titled “Case file No. 9199, titled “Inmate Riot” on July 25, 2001 (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 24, folio 976).


68 Cf. August 2, 2001 note from the Public Ministry to the Attorney General of the State (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 44, folios 539-543 and file of appendixes to the written brief of pleadings and motions, appendix 31, volume I, folio 190).

69 Cf. Note dated September 17, 2001, from the Office of the Director General of Human Rights of Paraguay to the Deputy Minister of Justice (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 30, folio 428); testimony given by Ms. Ana María de Jesús Llanes Ferreira at the Office of the Chief Government Notary of the Republic of Paraguay, March 23, 2004 (file of written statements supplied by the State, the Inter-American Commission and the alleged victims’ representatives, State’s appendix, folios 88-89); August 15, 2001 report sent by an unidentified commission to the Ministry of Justice and Labor concerning visits to the Villarrica and Coronel Oviedo prisons (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 45, folio 544).


70 Cf. Note dated September 17, 2001, from the Office of the Director General of Human Rights of Paraguay to the Deputy Minister of Justice (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 30, folio 428); report of the Director of the Emboscada Regional Prison, January 12, 2001 (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 13, folio 60).


71 Cf. Note dated September 17, 2001, from the Office of the Director General of Human Rights of Paraguay to the Deputy Minister of Justice (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 30, folio 428); communication from the State, dated April 26, 2002, addressed to the Inter-American Commission (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 4, folio 115); report on the fire that occurred at the Institute on Wednesday, July 25, 2001 (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 39, folios 496-497).


72 The law then in force provided that the age of majority was 20 years old (infra para. 134.58).


73 Cf. September 10, 2001 report issued by the director of the juvenile correctional facility at the Emboscada regional prison, concerning the events that resulted in the death of Richard Daniel Martínez at the Emboscada Regional Penitentiary (file of appendixes to the brief of preliminary objections, answer to the application and observations on the pleadings and motions, appendix 33, folio 1234).


74 Supra note 132.


75 Cf. March 15, 2002 report from the director of the juvenile area of the Emboscada regional prison concerning incidents that led to the death of Héctor Ramón Vázquez at Emboscada Regional Penitentiary (file of appendixes to the brief of preliminary objections, answer to the application and observations on the pleadings and motions, appendix 33, folio 1235).


76 Cf. March 15, 2002 report from the director of the juvenile area of the Emboscada regional prison concerning incidents that led to the death of Héctor Ramón Vázquez at Emboscada Regional Penitentiary (file of appendixes to the brief of preliminary objections, answer to the application and observations on the pleadings and motions, appendix 33, folio 1235); press clipping from (apparently) October 2001, titled “Former Panchito inmate killed yesterday at Emboscada” (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 42, folio 524).


77 Cf. Combined list of alleged victims, which the Commission sent to the Court on July 8, 2002 (file on the merits, volume I, folio 228). Uncontested fact.


78 Cf. Expert opinion given by Ms. Ana Deutsch before the Inter-American Court of Human Rights at the public hearing held on May 3, 2004.


79 Cf. Testimony given by young Hugo Antonio Vera Quintana in the presence of a person with legal authority to authenticate documents, March 25, 2004 (file of written statements supplied by the State, the Inter-American Commission and the alleged victims’ representatives, representatives’ appendix, folio 244); testimony given by young Arsenio Joel Barrios Báez in the presence of a person with legal authority to authenticate documents, March 25, 2004 (file of written statements supplied by the State, the Inter-American Commission and the alleged victims’ representatives, representatives’ appendix, folio 243); testimony given by young Osmar López Verón in the presence of a person with legal authority to authenticate documents, March 26, 2004 (file of written statements supplied by the State, the Inter-American Commission and the alleged victims’ representatives, Commission’s appendix, folio 188); questions that Ms. Viviana Krsticevic, Executive Director of CEJIL, asked of young Pedro Iván Peña, and his answers to those questions, which appear in a document dated March 26, 2004 (file of written statements supplied by the State, the Inter-American Commission and the alleged victims’ representatives, representatives’ appendix, folio 270); testimony given by Ms. Dirma Monserrat Peña in the presence of a person with legal authority to authenticate documents, March 30, 2004 (file of written statements supplied by the State, the Inter-American Commission and the alleged victims’ representatives, representatives’ appendix, folio 228); testimony given by young Francisco Ramón Adorno in the presence of a person with legal authority to authenticate documents, March 26, 2004 (file of written statements supplied by the State, the Inter-American Commission and the alleged victims’ representatives, Commission’s appendix, folio 183); expert opinion given by Ms. Ana Deutsch before the Inter-American Court of Human Rights at the public hearing held on May 3, 2004; expert opinion given by Mr. Carlos Arestivo in the presence of a person with legal authority to authenticate documents, March 25, 2004 (file of written statements supplied by the State, the Inter-American Commission and the alleged victims’ representatives, Commission’s appendix, folio 212); testimony given by young Clemente Luis Escobar González in the presence of a person with legal authority to authenticate documents, March 30, 2004 (file of written statements supplied by the State, the Inter-American Commission and the alleged victims’ representatives , representatives’ appendix, folio 235).


80 Cf. Testimony given by Ms. Rosalía Figueredo before the Inter-American Court of Human Rights at the public hearing held on May 3, 2004; testimony given by Mr. Dionisio Vega before the Inter-American Court of Human Rights at the public hearing held on May 3, 2004; testimony given by Ms. Teofista Domínguez before the Inter-American Court of Human Rights at the public hearing held on May 3, 2004; testimony given by Ms. Felipa Benicia Valdez before the Inter-American Court of Human Rights at the public hearing held on May 3, 2004; testimony given by Ms. Dirma Monserrat Peña in the presence of a person with legal authority to authenticate documents, March 30, 2004 (file of written statements supplied by the State, the Inter-American Commission and the alleged victims’ representatives, representatives’ appendix, folios 231-232); testimony given by Ms. María Teresa de Jesús Pérez in the presence of a person with legal authority to authenticate documents, March 30, 2004 (file of written statements supplied by the State, the Inter-American Commission and the alleged victims’ representatives, representatives’ appendix, folio 253); and questions that Ms. Viviana Krsticevic, Executive Director of CEJIL, asked of young Raúl Esteban Portillo and his answers to those questions, which appear in a document dated March 25, 2004 (file of written statements supplied by the State, the Inter-American Commission and the alleged victims’ representatives, representatives’ appendix, folio 285).


81 Cf. File of “Teofista Domínguez et al. v. Paraguayan State concerning Compensation for Damages and Injuries. Civil and Commercial Law Court, Sixth Rotation” (file of appendixes to the brief of preliminary objections, answer to the application and observations on the pleadings and motions, appendix 20, volume II, folios 682-849, esp. 691); testimony given by Mrs. Teofista Domínguez before the Inter-American Court of Human Rights at the public hearing held on May 3, 2004.


82 Cf. File of “Felipa Benicia Valdéz et al. v. Paraguayan State concerning Compensation for Damages and Injuries. Civil and Commercial Law Court, First Rotation” (file of appendixes to the brief of preliminary objections, answer to the application and observations on the pleadings and motions, appendix 19, volume II, folios 538-681, especially 564).


83 Cf. File of “Teofista Domínguez et al. v. Paraguayan State concerning Compensation for Damages and Injuries. Civil and Commercial Law Court, Sixth Rotation” (file of appendixes to the brief of preliminary objections, answer to the application and observations on the pleadings and motions, appendix 20, volume II, folios 682-849); file of “Felipa Benicia Valdéz et al. v. Paraguayan State concerning Compensation for Damages and Injuries. Civil and Commercial Law Court, First Rotation” (file of appendixes to the brief of preliminary objections, answer to the application and observations on the pleadings and motions, appendix 19, volume II, folios 538-681); and court document supplied by Teofista Domínguez on May 3, 2004, during her testimony at the public hearing before the Inter-American Court of Human Rights (file on the merits, volume VII, folio 2085).


84 Cf. February 11, 2000 preliminary inquiry into alleged punishable crimes (intentional homicide and grievous bodily harm) at the Panchito López Center” (file of appendixes to the brief of preliminary objections, answer to the application and observations on the pleadings and motions, appendix 18, volume I, folio 341).

85 Cf. March 8, 2002 ruling in the preliminary hearing into alleged punishable crimes (intentional homicide and grievous bodily harm) at the ‘Panchito López’ Center (file of appendixes to the brief of preliminary objections, answer to the application and observations on the pleadings and motions, appendix 18, volume II, folio 531).


86 Cf. Prosecution case file No. 9199, titled “Inmate Riot” on July 25, 2001 (file of appendixes to the brief of preliminary objections, answer to the application and observations on the pleadings and motions, appendix 24, volume III, folios 873-978); testimony given by Messrs. Walter Abel Mererles Congo, Javier González Orué, Olivero Olmedo Osorio and Pedro Ganoso Silva at the Public Ministry (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 16, folios 250-251).


87 Cf. Court case file No. 11212001 9859 Francisco Javier González Orué, manslaughter. (file of appendixes to the brief of preliminary objections, answer to the application and observations on the pleadings and motions, appendix 10, volume I, folios 135-226, especially folio 225).


88 Cf. May 10, 2001 Decision No. 25, in which Lic. Ana María Guerra de Casaccia, Director of Youth and Adult Education, authorizes “the opening and operation of the Itauguá Education Center M/77 in Zone D, Central Department” (file of appendixes to the brief of preliminary objections, answer to the application and observations on the pleadings and motions, appendix 3, volume I, folio 58); March 2002 report that the Ministry of Justice sent to the Inter-American Commission concerning the measures taken by the State to comply with the recommendations made by the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights in its “Third Report on the Situation of Human Rights in Paraguay” (file of appendixes to the brief of preliminary objections, answer to the application and observations on the pleadings and motions, appendix 11, volume I, folio 227).


89 Law No. 2169, June 27, 2003.

90Cf. Documents submitted to support the expenses CEJIL incurred (file on the merits, volume 8, folios 2296 to 2364); August 14, 1996 complaint that CEJIL and the Tekojojá Foundation filed (case before the Commission); and brief filing the petition of generic habeas corpus dated November 12, 1993 (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 52, folio 614, and file of appendixes to the written brief of pleadings and motions, appendix 39, volume I, folio 240).

91 Juridical Condition and Human Rights of the Child. Advisory Opinion OC-17/02 of August 28, 2002. Series A No. 17, para. 54.


92 Cf. Juridical Condition and Human Rights of the Child, supra note 150, para. 54; and Case of the Gómez Paquiyauri Brothers, supra note 26, para. 164.


93 Cf. Case of the Gómez Paquiyauri Brothers, supra note 26, para. 166; Case of the “Street Children” (Villagrán Morales et al.). Judgment of November 19, 1999. Series C No. 63, para. 194; and Juridical Condition and Human Rights of the Child, supra note 150, para. 24.


94 Cf. Case of Bulacio, supra note 56, paragraphs 126 and 138; Case of Hilaire. Judgment of June 21, 2002. Series C No. 94, para. 165; and Case of Cantoral-Benavides. Judgment of August 18, 2000. Series C No. 69, para. 87.

95 Cf. Case of the Gómez Paquiyauri Brothers, supra note 26, para. 98; Case of Juan Humberto Sánchez. Judgment of June 7, 2003. Series C No. 99, para. 111; and Case of Bulacio, supra note 56, para. 138. See also, Matter of Urso Branco Prison, supra note 54, sixth paragraph under ‘Considering”; and Matter of the Gómez Paquiyauri Brothers. Provisional Measures. Order of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights of May 7, 2004, thirteenth paragraph under ‘Considering’.


96 Cf. Case of the Gómez Paquiyauri Brothers, supra note 26, para. 108; Case of Maritza Urrutia, supra note 57, para. 87; and Case of Juan Humberto Sánchez, supra note 154, para. 96.


97 Cf. Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners, adopted by the First United Nations Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders, held at Geneva in 1955, and approved by the Economic and Social Council by its resolution 663C (XXIV) of 31 July 1957 and 2076 (LXII) of 13 May 1977, para. 57.


98 Cf. Case of the “Five Pensioners”, supra note 55, para. 116; and Article 5 of the Additional Protocol to the American Convention in the Area of Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (Protocol of San Salvador).

99 Cf. Case of the Gómez Paquiyauri Brothers, supra note 26, para. 128; Case of Myrna Mack Chang, supra note 40, para. 152; and Case of Juan Humberto Sánchez, supra note 154, para. 110.


100 Supra note 158.


101 Supra note 158.


102 Articles 5 and 27 of the American Convention.


103 Cf. Case of the Gómez Paquiyauri Brothers, supra note 26, para. 129; Case of the 19 Tradesmen, supra note 26, para. 153; and Case of Myrna Mack Chang, supra note 40, para. 153.


104 Eur. Court H.R. Kudla v. Poland, judgement of 26 October 2000, no. 30210/96, paragraphs 93-94.


105 Cf. Case of the Gómez Paquiyauri Brothers, supra note 26, paragraphs 124, 163-164, and 171; Case of Bulacio, supra note 56, paragraphs 126 and 134; and Case of the “Street Children” (Villagrán Morales et al.), supra note 152, paragraphs 146 and 191. See also Juridical Condition and Human Rights of the Child, supra note 150, paragraphs 56 and 60.

106 United Nations Committee on the Rights of the Child, General Comment No. 5, November 27, 2003, para.12.


107 Cf. Juridical Condition and Human Rights of the Child, supra note 150, paragraphs 80-81, 84, and 86-88; Case of the “Street Children” (Villagrán Morales et al.), supra note 152, para. 196; and Rule 13.5 of the Standard Minimum Rules for the Administration of Juvenile Justice (Beijing Rules), adopted by the General Assembly in resolution 40/33 of 28 November 1985.


108 United Nations Rules for the Protection of Juveniles Deprived of Their Liberty, adopted by the General Assembly in resolution 45/113 of 14 December 1990.


109 Cf. Case of the Gómez Paquiyauri Brothers, supra note 26, para. 170.


110 Rule 26.2 of the United Nations Standard Minimum Rules for the Administration of Juvenile Justice (Beijing Rules), adopted by the General Assembly in resolution 40/33 of 28 November 1985.

111 Cf. Case of Maritza Urrutia, supra note 57, para. 87; Case of Hilaire, supra note 153, para. 164; and Case of Bámaca Velásquez. Judgment of November 25, 2000. Series C No. 70, para. 150.


112Cf. Case of the 19 Tradesmen, supra note 26, para. 149; and Case of the “Street Children” (Villagrán Morales et al.), supra note 152, para. 165. See also the European Court of Human Rights, Campbell and Cosans, judgment of 25 February 1982, Series A, no. 48, p. 12, § 26.


113 Brief answering the application, para. 201, p. 55.

114 Matter of Urso Branco Prison, supra note 54, thirteenth paragraph under ‘Considering’.

115 Under the law in force at that time, the age of majority was 20 (supra note 149).

116 Cf. Case of Bulacio, supra note 56, para. 140; Case of the “Five Pensioners”, supra note 55, para. 164; and Case of Cantos, supra note 59, para. 59.


117 Cf. Case of Bulacio, supra note 56, para. 142; Case of the “Five Pensioners”, supra note 55, para. 164; and Case of Cantos, supra note 59, para. 59.


118 Supra note 176.


119 Supra note 176.


120 Cf. Case of the “Five Pensioners”, supra note 55, para. 165; Case of Baena Ricardo et al. . Competence, Judgment of November 28, 2003. Series C No. 104, para. 180; Case of Cantoral-Benavides, supra note 153, para. 178.

121 Cf. Juridical Condition and Human Rights of the Child, supra note 150, para. 95


122 Cf. Juridical Condition and Human Rights of the Child, supra note 150, para. 98.


123 Cf. Juridical Condition and Human Rights of the Child, supra note 150, para. 109.


124 Article 40.3 of the Convention on the Rights of the Child.


125 Cf. Article 40.3.b) of the Convention on the Rights of the Child.


126 Cf. Rule 6.1 of the United Nations Standard Minimum Rules for the Administration of Juvenile Justice (Beijing Rules), adopted by the General Assembly in its resolution 40/33 of 28 November 1985.


127 Cf. Rule 6.3 of the United Nations Standard Minimum Rules for the Administration of Juvenile Justice (Beijing Rules), adopted by the General Assembly in its resolution 40/33 of 28 November 1985; and Article 40.4 of the Convention on the Rights of the Child.

128 Cf. Case of Maritza Urrutia, supra note 57, para. 66; Case of Bulacio, supra note 56, para. 129; and Case of Juan Humberto Sánchez, supra note 154, paragraphs 82-83.


129 Cf. Case of the Gómez Paquiyauri Brothers, supra note 26, para. 82; Case of Maritza Urrutia, supra note 57, para. 64; and Case of Juan Humberto Sánchez, supra note 154, para. 77.


130 Cf. Case of the Gómez Paquiyauri Brothers, supra note 26, para. 83; Case of Maritza Urrutia, supra note 57, para. 65; and Case of Juan Humberto Sánchez, supra note 154, para. 78.

131 Cf. Case of Suárez Rosero. Judgment of November 12, 1997. Series C No. 35, para. 77.


132 Cf. Case of Suárez Rosero, supra note 190, para. 77. See also Rule 13.2 of the United Nations Standard Minimum Rules for the Administration of Juvenile Justice (Beijing Rules), adopted by the General Assembly in its resolution 40/33 of 28 November 1985; and Rule 17 of the United Nations Rules for the Protection of Juveniles Deprived of Their Liberty, adopted by the General Assembly in resolution 45/113 of 14 December 1990.


133 Cf. Article 40.4 of the Convention on the Rights of the Child.


134 Supra note 192.


135 Cf. Rule 13.1 of the United Nations Standard Minimum Rules for the Administration of Juvenile Justice (Beijing Rules), adopted by General Assembly in resolution 40/33 of 28 November 1985; Rule 17 of the United Nations Rules for the Protection of Juveniles Deprived of Their Liberty, adopted by the General Assembly in resolution 45/113 of 14 December 1990; articles 37 and 40.4 of the Convention on the Rights of the Child; and Article 10.3 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights.

136 Cf. Case of Baena Ricardo et al. , supra note 179, para. 78; Case of the “Five Pensioners”, supra note 55, para. 126; and Case of the Constitutional Court . Competence. Judgment of September 24, 1999. Series C No. 55, para. 89.

137Judicial Guarantees in States of Emergency (Arts. 27(2), 25 and 8 American Convention on Human Rights). Advisory Opinion OC-9/87 of October 6, 1987. Series A No. 9, para. 24. See also, Case of the “Five Pensioners”, supra note 55, para. 136; Case of Cantos, supra note 59, para. 52; and Case of Ivcher Bronstein. Judgment of February 6, 2001. Series C No. 74, paragraphs 136-137.

138 Ruling of the Civil and Commercial Law Judge of First Instance, Ninth Rotation, S.D. No. 652 of July 31, 1998, which granted the petition of habeas corpus filed by the Tekojojá Foundation (file of appendixes to the application, appendix 20, folio 327).

139 Cf. Case of the Gómez Paquiyauri Brothers, supra note 26, para. 187; Case of the 19 Tradesmen, supra note 26, para. 219; and Case of Molina Theissen, supra note 26, párr 39.


140 Cf. Case of the Gómez Paquiyauri Brothers, supra note 26, para. 188; Case of the 19 Tradesmen, supra note 26, para. 220; and Case of Molina Theissen, supra note 26, para. 40.


141 Cf. Case of Bulacio, supra note 14, para. 72; Case of Juan Humberto Sánchez, supra note 14, para. 149; and Case of Las Palmeras. Reparations, supra note 15, para. 38.


142 Supra note 200.

143 Cf. Case of the Gómez Paquiyauri Brothers, supra note 26, para. 189; Case of the 19 Tradesmen, supra note 26, para. 222; and Case of Molina Theissen, supra note 26, para. 42.


144 Cf. Case of the 19 Tradesmen, supra note 26, para. 223; Case of Cantos, supra note 59, para. 68; and Case of the Caracazo. Reparations (Art. 63(1) American Convention on Human Rights). Judgment of August 29, 2002. Series C No. 95, para. 78.



145 Cf. Case of the Gómez Paquiyauri Brothers, supra note 26, para. 190; Case of the 19 Tradesmen, supra note 26, para. 223; and Case of Herrera Ulloa, supra note 29, para. 194.

146 Cf. Case of the Gómez Paquiyauri Brothers, supra note 26, para. 205; Case of the 19 Tradesmen, supra note 26, para. 236; and Case of Molina Theissen, supra note 26, para. 39.

1 Cf. Case of Molina Theissen, supra note 26, para. 57; Case of Bulacio, supra note 56, para. 84; and Case of Castillo Páez, Reparations (Art. 63(1) American Convention on Human Rights). Judgment of November 27, 1998. Series C No. 43, para. 74.


2 Cf. Case of the 19 Tradesmen, supra note 26, para. 240; Case of Juan Humberto Sánchez. Interpretation of the Judgment on Preliminary Objections, Merits and Reparations. (Art. 67 American Convention on Human Rights). Judgment of November 26, 2003. Series C No. 102, para. 56; and Case of Bulacio, supra note 56, para. 150.


3 Cf. Case of the 19 Tradesmen, supra note 26, para. 240; Case of the Caracazo, supra note 203, para. 88; and Case of the “Street Children” (Villagrán Morales et al.). Reparations (Art. 63(1) American Convention on Human Rights). Judgment of May 26, 2001. Series C No. 77, para. 79.


4 Abel Achar Acuña, José Milcíades Cañete Chamorro, Ever Ramón Molinas Zárate, Arsenio Joel Barrios Báez, Alfredo Duarte Ramos, Sergio Vincent Navarro Moraez, Ismael Méndez Aranda, Osvaldo Daniel Sosa, Walter Javier Riveros Rojas, Osmar López Verón, Miguel Ángel Coronel Ramírez, César Fidelino Ojeda Acevedo, Heriberto Zarate, Francisco Noé Andrada, Jorge Daniel Toledo, Pablo Emmanuel Rojas, Sixto Gonzáles Franco, Antonio Delgado, Claudio Coronel Quiroga, Clemente Luis Escobar González, Julio César García, José Amado Jara Fernández, Alberto David Martínez, Miguel Ángel Martínez, Osvaldo Mora Espinola, Hugo Antonio Vera Quintana, Juan Carlos Zarza Viveros, Eduardo Vera, Cándido Ulises Zelaya Flores, Hugo Olmedo, Oscar Rafael Aquino Acuña, Nelson Rodríguez, Demetrio Silguero, Aristides Ramón Ortiz Bernal, Carlos Raúl Romero Giacomo, Carlos Román Feris Almirón, Pablo Ayala Azola, Juan Ramón Lugo and Rolando Benítez.

5 Antonio Delgado, Aristides Ramón Ortiz Bernal, Carlos Raúl Romero Giacomo, Claudio Coronel Quiroga, Demetrio Silguero, Eduardo Vera, Francisco Noé Andrada, Heriberto Zarate, Hugo Olmedo, Jorge Daniel Toledo, José Milciades Cañete Chamorro, Nelson Rodríguez, Osmar López Verón, Osvaldo Daniel Sosa, Pablo Emmanuel Rojas, Oscar Rafael Aquino Acuña, Sixto Gonzáles Franco, Cándido Ulises Zelaya Flores and Walter Javier Riveros Rojas.


6 Cf. Statements made in the presence of a person authorized by law to authenticate documents and statements (affidavits) by Francisco Ramón Adorno and María Teresa de Jesús Pérez and the testimony given by Ms. Teofista Domínguez Riveros before this Court on May 3, 2004.

1 Cf. Case of the Gómez Paquiyauri Brothers, supra note 26, para. 215; Case of the 19 Tradesmen, supra note 26, para. 247; and Case of Maritza Urrutia, supra note 57, para. 166.


2 Supra note 212.

3 Cf. Case of the Gómez Paquiyauri Brothers, supra note 26, para. 217; Case of the 19 Tradesmen, supra note 26, para. 248; and Case of Maritza Urrutia, supra note 57, para. 168.


4 Elvio Epifanio Acosta Ocampos, Marco Antonio Jiménez, Diego Walter Valdez, Sergio Daniel Vega Figueredo, Sergio David Poletti Domínguez, Mario del Pilar Álvarez Pérez, Juan Alcides Román Barrios, Antonio Damián Escobar Morinigo and Carlos Raúl de la Cruz.


5 Abel Achar Acuña, José Milciades Cañete Chamorro, Ever Ramón Molinas Zárate, Arsenio Joel Barrios Báez, Alfredo Duarte Ramos, Sergio Vincent Navarro Moraez, Raúl Esteban Portillo, Ismael Méndez Aranda, Pedro Iván Peña, Osvaldo Daniel Sosa, Walter Javier Riveros Rojas, Osmar López Verón, Miguel Ángel Coronel Ramírez, César Fidelino Ojeda Acevedo, Heriberto Zarate, Francisco Noé Andrada, Jorge Daniel Toledo, Pablo Emmanuel Rojas, Sixto Gonzáles Franco, Francisco Ramón Adorno, Antonio Delgado, Claudio Coronel Quiroga, Clemente Luis Escobar González, Julio César García, José Amado Jara Fernández, Alberto David Martínez, Miguel Angel Martínez, Osvaldo Mora Espinola, Hugo Antonio Vera Quintana, Juan Carlos Zarza Viveros, Eduardo Vera, Cándido Ulises Zelaya Flores, Hugo Olmedo, Oscar Rafael Aquino Acuña, Nelson Rodríguez, Demetrio Silguero and Aristides Ramón Ortiz Bernal, Carlos Raúl Romero Giacomo, Carlos Román Feris Almirón, Pablo Ayala Azola, Juan Ramón Lugo and Rolando Benítez.



6 Benito Augusto Adorno.


7 Richard Daniel Martínez and Héctor Ramón Vázquez.


8Cf. Case of the “Street Children” (Villagrán Morales et al.), supra note 208, para. 91.b); and Juridical Condition and Human Rights of the Child, supra notes 150, paragraphs 54, 60, and 93.


9 Elvio Epifanio Acosta Ocampos, Marco Antonio Jiménez, Diego Walter Valdez, Sergio Daniel Vega Figueredo, Sergio David Poletti Domínguez, Mario del Pilar Álvarez Pérez, Juan Alcides Román Barrios, Antonio Damián Escobar Morinigo, Carlos Raúl de la Cruz, Benito Augusto Adorno, Richard Daniel Martínez and Héctor Ramón Vázquez.


10 Abel Achar Acuña, José Milciades Cañete Chamorro, Ever Ramón Molinas Zárate, Arsenio Joel Barrios Báez, Alfredo Duarte Ramos, Sergio Vincent Navarro Moraez, Raúl Esteban Portillo, Ismael Méndez Aranda, Pedro Iván Peña, Osvaldo Daniel Sosa, Walter Javier Riveros Rojas, Osmar López Verón, Miguel Ángel Coronel Ramírez, César Fidelino Ojeda Acevedo, Heriberto Zarate, Francisco Noé Andrada, Jorge Daniel Toledo, Pablo Emmanuel Rojas, Sixto Gonzáles Franco, Francisco Ramón Adorno, Antonio Delgado, Claudio Coronel Quiroga, Clemente Luis Escobar González, Julio César García, José Amado Jara Fernández, Alberto David Martínez, Miguel Angel Martínez, Osvaldo Mora Espinola, Hugo Antonio Vera Quintana, Juan Carlos Zarza Viveros, Eduardo Vera, Cándido Ulises Zelaya Flores, Hugo Olmedo, Oscar Rafael Aquino Acuña, Nelson Rodríguez, Demetrio Silguero, Aristides Ramón Ortiz Bernal, Carlos Raúl Romero Giacomo, Carlos Román Feris Almirón, Pablo Ayala Azola, Juan Ramón Lugo and Rolando Benítez.

11 Antonio Delgado, Aristides Ramón Ortiz Bernal, Carlos Raúl Romero Giacomo, Claudio Coronel Quiroga, Demetrio Silguero, Eduardo Vera, Francisco Noé Andrada, Heriberto Zarate, Hugo Olmedo, Jorge Daniel Toledo, José Milciades Cañete Chamorro, Nelson Rodríguez, Osmar López Verón, Osvaldo Daniel Sosa, Pablo Emmanuel Rojas, Oscar Rafael Aquino Acuña, Sixto Gonzáles Franco, Cándido Ulises Zelaya Flores and Walter Javier Riveros Rojas.

1 Cf. Case of the Gómez Paquiyauri Brothers, supra note 26, para. 223; Case of the 19 Tradesmen, supra note 26, para. 253; and Case of Molina Theissen, supra note 26, para. 77.


2 Cf. Case of the Gómez Paquiyauri Brothers, supra note 26, para. 223; Case of Myrna Mack Chang, supra note 40, para. 268; and Case of Bulacio, supra note 56, para. 105.

3 Cf. Case of the Gómez Paquiyauri Brothers, supra note 26, para. 235; Case of the 19 Tradesmen, supra note 26, para. 233; and Case of Molina Theissen, supra note 26, para. 86.

4 Abel Achar Acuña, José Milciades Cañete Chamorro, Ever Ramón Molinas Zárate, Arsenio Joel Barrios Báez, Alfredo Duarte Ramos, Sergio Vincent Navarro Moraez, Raúl Esteban Portillo, Ismael Méndez Aranda, Pedro Iván Peña, Osvaldo Daniel Sosa, Walter Javier Riveros Rojas, Osmar López Verón, Miguel Ángel Coronel Ramírez, César Fidelino Ojeda Acevedo, Heriberto Zarate, Francisco Noé Andrada, Jorge Daniel Toledo, Pablo Emmanuel Rojas, Sixto Gonzáles Franco, Francisco Ramón Adorno, Antonio Delgado, Claudio Coronel Quiroga, Clemente Luis Escobar González, Julio César García, José Amado Jara Fernández, Alberto David Martínez, Miguel Angel Martínez, Osvaldo Mora Espinola, Hugo Antonio Vera Quintana, Juan Carlos Zarza Viveros, Eduardo Vera, Cándido Ulises Zelaya Flores, Hugo Olmedo, Oscar Rafael Aquino Acuña, Nelson Rodríguez, Demetrio Silguero, Aristides Ramón Ortiz Bernal, Carlos Raúl Romero Giacomo, Carlos Román Feris Almirón, Pablo Ayala Azola, Juan Ramón Lugo and Rolando Benítez.


5 Cf. Case of the Gómez Paquiyauri Brothers, supra note 26, para. 207; Case of the 19 Tradesmen, supra note 26, para. 277; and Case of Myrna Mack Chang, supra note 40, para. 253.2).

6 Cf. Case of the Gómez Paquiyauri Brothers, supra note 26, para. 215; Case of the 19 Tradesmen, supra note 26, para. 247; and Case of Maritza Urrutia, supra note 57, para. 166.

1Cf. Case of the Gómez Paquiyauri Brothers, supra note 26, para. 242; Case of the 19 Tradesmen, supra note 26, para. 283; and Case of Molina Theissen, supra note 26, para. 95.

2 Cf. Case of the Gómez Paquiyauri Brothers, supra note 26, para. 243; Case of the 19 Tradesmen, supra note 26, para. 284; and Case of Molina Theissen, supra note 26, para. 96.

3Public hearings before this Court on January 28 and 29, 1999, and March 12, 2001.

4

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