s) Expert opinion of Jorge Rolón Luna, attorney The Child Code regulates a number of important questions, such as protection of identity and the child’s right to express his opinion and to have his opinion taken into account in matters that affect his interests. The code also regulates issues relating to child abuse and neglect, adoption, health, periodic review of the prison conditions, education, and others. The Code clearly establishes the obligations of the State and of private persons with regard to children, and a specialized juvenile court system with specialized juvenile proceedings.
The challenge posed by implementation of the existing laws is much more than a question of earmarking funds to State agencies that work with juveniles in conflict with the law. “The poverty in which large sectors of Paraguayan society now live demands that urgent social policy measures be taken, which are always more effective than criminal justice policy measures. Any course of action that does not feature strategies to relieve and eliminate poverty altogether will be doomed to fail.” In any event, the State urgently needs to earmark funds to improve juvenile Reeducation Institutes, which still require major improvements and sufficient qualified staff.
74. During the public hearing (supra para. 43), the State and the representatives introduced documents as evidence (supra para. 56).15 75. When they presented their final written submissions (supra para. 59), the representatives attached a number of documents as evidence.16 76. On August 27, 2004, the State presented part of the documentary evidence that had been requested for better adjudication of the case (supra para. 61).
77. On August 27, 2004, the representatives presented part of the documentary evidence that had been requested for better adjudication of the case (supra para. 61).
78. On August 30, 2004, the Commission presented part of the documentary evidence that had been requested for better adjudication of the case (supra para. 61).
79. On May 3 and 4, 2004, the Court held a public hearing where it heard the testimony of the witnesses and experts offered by the Inter-American Commission and the representatives (supra para. 43). The following is the Court’s summary of the pertinent parts of the testimony given by the witnesses and experts.