Influences forming Plato’s views of the world workbook answers


This response, while having a few flaws, would be comfortably a level 5 answer, giving it a mark of 22/25



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This response, while having a few flaws, would be comfortably a level 5 answer, giving it a mark of 22/25.

Part (b)

Many would argue, not necessarily successfully, that while evolutionary theory has helped scholars and scientists to understand the world better it is a simplistic explanation which does not encompass a full understanding of our very complex universe. The Intelligent Design movement, for example, has attempted unsuccessfully to argue that there is evidence of complexity within human cells which show no sign of having evolved. Michael Behe famously argues that the cilium is an organic machine which clearly has not evolved but without which a cell will not function properly. I say unsuccessfully as I believe that his mousetrap analogy which he used in support of his argument is flawed as it is a category error to compare organic functions with a mechanical machine. Also while these organic machines may, under our present understanding of science, show no sign of having evolved, this may be a gap in our biological understanding rather than proof that Darwin’s black box has been truly discovered.

It could also be argued, from a more positive perspective, that evolutionary theory is a discovery of part of an ongoing process. The universe is indeed complex and humanity has much to learn about how it all works and understanding that there is much more to this theory still to be discovered may be important to the Grand Unification Theory that scientists seek. So it would be premature to dismiss evolutionary theory as too simplistic.

This response is again well focused on the question. It gives an evaluation of more than one point of view and is a critique and not just a description. So a likely mark, again in level 5, would be 10/10.

Topic 14





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