7 This attribute of God can have two very different interpretations. The common one is that he is everlasting, having no beginning and no end. Alternatively, eternity can be described as being outside time. Each description has major implications for our understanding of the nature of God.
8 One of the issues to be clear about when looking at scriptural evidence is the kind of literature you are using. Books that are historical carry a different authority from those that are poetry or proverbs. Those stories that are myth may contain some authority but not the same as accounts of actual events.
9 The Jewish Scriptures continually emphasise that judgement ultimately belongs to God alone. For example, in Ecclesiastes we read God is the one who ‘will judge the righteous and the wicked’. St Paul tells the Romans ‘On that final day, the Lord will judge’.
10 The Jewish belief in the morally perfect nature of their God led Jews to believe that the source of all their good moral behaviour came from God. Because of their belief in there being only one God, this also meant that there could be only one morality and the answer to moral questions could be found in God’s revelation — their Scriptures.
11 This is the beginning of an issue that runs through both philosophy and religious ethics. The God of the Old Testament is described as a judge and throughout the history of salvation he is often a harsh judge. On the one hand you can explore the implications of humanity having been gifted with free will and the implications of this for God’s power. Alternatively, can God judge the behaviour of people he has created?