1 The description of the God of classical theism is generally taken to mean the Christian God, who is believed to be omnipotent (all-powerful), omniscient (all-knowing), omnibenevolent (all-loving) and omnipresent (everywhere).
3 The first sin was Adam and Eve’s defying God and eating from the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil. As a punishment, God said to the woman: ‘I will make your pains in childbearing very severe; with painful labour you will give birth to children. Your desire will be for your husband, and he will rule over you.’ To Adam he said:
Because you listened to your wife and ate fruit from the tree about which I commanded you, ‘You must not eat from it’, cursed is the ground because of you; through painful toil you will eat food from it all the days of your life. It will produce thorns and thistles for you and you will eat the plants of the field. By the sweat of your brow you will eat your food until you return to the ground, since from it you were taken; for dust you are and to dust you will return.
4 The 613 laws in the Torah were similar to the laws of our state, meaning that ignorance is not an excuse. So telling a police officer who catches you speeding that you did not know the law will not change the fine or the points on your licence. Sin on the other hand can be committed by a Christian only if he or she knows what they are doing is sinful. This is sometimes described as ‘deliberately turning one’s back on God’.
5 For the Jewish writers there was no Euthyphro Dilemma; they describe a belief in a God who is not only good, but also morally perfect and from whom all their own goodness and ethical behaviour flowed.