Indus Valley, Inc.”

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Indus Valley, Inc.”

Read the article “Indus Valley, Inc.” by Shanti Menon (Discover, December 1998, pages 67-71), and answer the questions below on a separate piece of paper.

  1. What are some of the ways that the Indus Valley civilization was different and distinct from other major cultural hearths of civilizations (e.g. Mesopotamia, Egypt, and China)? [Note: Information for answering this question is found throughout the article.]

  1. According to Jonathan Mark Kenoyer, what appears to have contributed to instability and the possible collapse for Mesopotamian and Egyptian society?

  1. What have archaeological excavations revealed about the origin of Indus Valley cities that make them different from what Mesopotamian texts suggest about the origin of cities between the Euphrates and Tigris rivers?

  1. What do we think we know and understand about the inscriptions recovered from Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro?

  1. What are some possible conclusions that might be inferred from the article, regarding social organization, after studying burials that have been excavated?

  1. What is a possible explanation for the cache of jewelry buried in a pot that might undermine an earlier assertion made in the article?

  1. What did archaeologists originally think brought-about the decline of Indus Valley civilization, and how have excavations contributed to a different interpretation of events?

  1. Write a paragraph identifying the similarities/differences between the information given in this article and the information contained in your textbook, World History - The Human Experience (section 2:iii ― Early South Asia, pages 66-68).


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