Indirect Control

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The Age of Imperialism 1850-1914

Unit 6

Indirect Control

Direct Control

  • _____________________ officials brought in to rule

  • Limited self rule

  • No self-rule

  • Goal: develop future ______________________

  • Goal: __________________________________

  • Gov. institutions are based on European styles but may have local rules

  • Gov. institutions are based only on European styles

  • Ex: British colonies like India

  • Ex: French colonies like Vietnam

European Imperialism

  • ______________________________ refers to the ______________________________ & ___________________________________________of one area or country by another.

  • Industrialization stirred ambitions in many European nations

    • Wanted resources to fuel their industrial production

    • Competed for new markets

    • Looked towards Africa & Asia

Reasons for Imperialism

Characteristics of Imperialism

  1. _____________________________: a country or a region governed internally by a foreign power (ex: America under English control)

  2. _____________________________: A country or territory with its own internal gov. but under the control of an outside power. (ex: Britain over the Niger River delta)

  3. __________________________________________________: an area in which an outside power claims exclusive investment or trading privileges ( ex: during WWII Japan’s control in Korea, Vietnam, China)

  4. __________________________________________________: Independent but less developed nations controlled by private business interests rather than by other gov. (ex: the Dole Fruit Company controlled pineapple trade in Hawaii)

  1. Which 2 forms are guided by interests in business or trade?

  1. What is the difference between a protectorate & a colony?

Patterns of Management

  1. In which management method are the people less empowered to rule themselves? Explain

  1. In what ways are the two management methods different?

British Imperialism in India

  • East India Trading Company ruled India with little interference from British Gov.

    • Had own army led by British officers and staffed by ______________________ (_______________ soldiers)

  • India was treasured by the British for its potential

    • Major supplier of raw materials

  • Considered India, the brightest “_______________________________________________”

  • British set up restrictions that prevented the Indian economy from operating on its own

    • Produce the raw materials for British manufacturing, then to buy the finished goods…. Indian competition was prohibited

    • Negative

      • British held much of the political/economic power

      • Restricted Indian-owned _________________

      • Emphasis on cash crops resulted in loss of self sufficiency (reduced food production), causing _________________

      • Increased presence of missionaries & outspoken _________________threatened traditional life

      • Positive

        • 3rd largest ____________________ network

        • Modern road network, telephone/telegraph lines, dams, bridges, & irrigation

        • Improved public health & sanitation

        • Schools/colleges founded

        • Ended local _________________
      Impact of Colonialism in India

Sepoy Mutiny

  • As economic problems increased, so did the feelings of ___________________________ and ___________________________

  • Gossip among Sepoys that the cartridges of their new English rifles were sealed with beef/pork fat caused outrage

  • Sepoys refused to accept cartridges > British handled badly > sepoys rebelled > captured city of Dehli > rebellion spread to northern/central India

    • British sent troops to help East India Company

    • Indians could not _______________due to weak leadership & splits between Muslim & Hindus

  • Mutiny marked a turning point

  • British took _______________________________ of India

    • ____________: British rule from 1757-1947

    • Divided into 11 provinces & some 250 districts

    • Mutiny fueled racist attitudes of the English & increased distrust between the British & Indians

Imperialist Divide Africa

  • Social Darwinism

    • Promotes the idea that the ___________________ for survival enjoy ___________________ and success and are ___________________ to others (___________________)

    • It affected the spread of European Imperialism in that it increased due to a sense of superiority among Europeans

    • The phrase “___________________________________________” refers to the colonial-era idea that white men were burdened with bringing ___________________________ to the uncivilized

    • European Motives:

    • External Forces:

    • Internal Forces:

  1. Which two internal forces were connected with each other? Explain

  1. Which of the European motives do you believe was the most powerful? Explain

  • Suez Canal

    • Opening of the Suez Canal (1869):

    • Connects the ___________________________ Sea to the __________ Sea have quicker access from European countries to their colonies in Asia and Africa

      • Britain’s “___________________ of the Empire

  • African Lands Become European Colonies

  • The scramble for African territory began in the 1880s

  • The competition between European countries was so fierce, they feared __________ with one another

  • To prevent fighting 14 countries met at the __________________________________ in 1884-85

    • Lay down the _____________________ of Africa

    • ______________ country could claim land by notifying their claims & showing they could control the area

  • Divided continent with little thought to how African culture or Linguistic groups were distributed

  • By 1914, only ____________________ & ____________________ remained free

  1. About what percentage of Africa was colonized by Europeans in 1878? How much by 1919?

  1. According to the map of 1913, which 2 imperial powers held the most land? According to the chart, what percentage of land in Africa was held by the 2 powers?

Major Imperial Powers

  • _____________________________________ of _____________________ ruled the _________________ in the center of Africa as his private estate. He treated the natives harshly, killing millions to increase production on his _________________ plantations

  • _______________________________ , a leading British imperialist, &Founder of the southern African territory of Rhodesia (present day Zimbabwe), planned to build a _______________________ down the eastern side of Africa from Egypt to South Africa

    • Positive Effects

        • European medicine & improved _______________________ led to longer life and rise in population

        • Introduced modern __________________________ & communication

        • Small # of Africans received improved education & economic opportunities

  • Negative Effects

    • European domination led to an erosion of traditional African _________________ and destroyed existing social relationships

    • Africans treated as _____________________ Europeans, natives forced to work long hours for low pay

    • Europeans divided Africa ignoring tribal, ethnic, and cultural ___________________________


  • In China, European powers faced a different situation than in India or Africa

  • For thousands of years, China had been united under its powerful emperors, nevertheless, China had remained __________________________ from the world

  • It lacked military _____________________________ to oppose Western Imperialism

  • The West showed an interest in China because its huge population offered a potential market for European goods & valuable raw materials

Opium Wars

  • 1800s Great Britain began selling __________________ in China to obtain money to buy _________.

  • Chinese government tried to stop this practice

  • British reacted by declaring ___________….. China was defeated and opium continued to be sold

  • British established several “_________________________________________” (areas of China under their exclusive economic control)

  • European interference was extremely unpopular and weakened the prestige of the ruling ____________ (Manchu) Dynasty

    • Lost __________________________________________________ .

  • Manchu rulers faced major revolts

    • _______________________ Rebellion (1850-1864): largest peasant rebellion, led by Hong …millions were killed by Gov. to help put down the rebellion

  • ________________ Rebellion 1899-1900: group of “Boxers” rebelled against the spread of foreign influence in China, hundreds of foreigners killed…. Foreign troops (U.S.) finally crushed rebellion

    • U.S. sought to preserve China as independent country.

American policy prevented European powers from further dividing up China & kept it “__________________” to trade with all nationsscreen shot 2015-02-18 at 9.56.29 am.png

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