Independence from british rule



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MODERN INDIA

(Regents Questions 2000 – 2013)


GANDHI & INDEPENDENCE

Which individual is the author of this passage?



  1. Otto von Bismarck

  2. MOHANDAS GANDHI

  3. Ho Chi Minh

  4. Fidel Castro

Which goal was most important to the Indian nationalist movement?



  1. INDEPENDENCE__FROM_BRITISH_RULE'>INDEPENDENCE FROM BRITISH RULE

  2. Establishing a laissez-faire economy

  3. Forming a totalitarian state

  4. Expansion of territory

The Sepoy Rebellion is considered an important event in Indian history because it was one cause of the



  1. INDEPENDENCE MOVEMENT IN INDIA

  2. Secession of Bangladesh from Pakistan

  3. Establishment of French colonies in India

  4. Creation of the Mughal Empire by Muslims

The Amritsar Massacre and the Salt March are both associated with the independence movement in



  1. Iraq

  2. INDIA

  3. China

  4. Kenya

Which situation contributed to the success of Mohandas Gandhi's campaign of civil disobedience in India?



  1. Pakistan and Bangladesh were involved in civil war

  2. The United States cam to Gandhi's aid with food and clothing

  3. Sikhs and Muslims wanted to create a new nation

  4. GREAT BRITAIN WAS WEAKENED BY WORLD WAR II

Which headline describes an event during India's fight for independence?



  1. GANDHI LEADS SALT MARCH

  2. KENYATTA AND MAU MAUS MOVE AGAINST THE BRITISH

  3. CECIL RHODES UNITES CONTINENT

  4. HO CHI MINH LEADS REBEL FORCES

Which leader is most closely associated with the use of civil disobedience in a struggle to end colonial rule?



  1. Momar Khadafi

  2. Saddam Hussein

  3. Ho Chi Minh

  4. MOHANDAS GANDHI

Which aspect of life in India demonstrates the influence of the British Colonial period?



  1. CONSTITUTIONAL GOVERNMENT

  2. arranged marriages

  3. religious tradition of Hinduism

  4. caste system

"Moral results can only be obtained through moral restraints." ~Mohandas Gandhi

This quotation best represents the policy of


  1. westernization

  2. neutrality

  3. balance of power

  4. PASSIVE RESISTANCE

During the Indian independence movement, the activity shown in this photograph inspired the Indian people to



  1. STOP BUYING BRITISH GOODS

  2. Reject Muslim rule

  3. Join the Indian army

  4. Expand British textile manufacturing


In this statement, Gandhi was expressing his commitment to



  1. armed rebellion

  2. CIVIL DISOBEDIENCE

  3. criminal acts

  4. guerrilla tactics


This statement reflects the belief that individuals



  1. have no control over events

  2. CAN INFLUENCE EVENTS BY FOLLOWING MORAL GUIDELINES

  3. must use violence to influence events

  4. can influence events by using military force



GANDHI CALLS FOR BOYCOTT OF BRITISH TEXTILES

GANDHI AND FOLLOWERS COMPLETE MARCH TO THE SEA

GANDHI BEGINS HUNGER FAST
These headlines reflect Gandhi's belief in

  1. nonalignment

  2. isolationism

  3. appeasement

  4. NONVIOLENCE

Several historic events are listed below

A Partition of India and Pakistan

B Establishment of the caste system

C British Colonization of the Indian subcontinent

D Gandhi's Salt March

What is the correct chronological order of this set of events?




  1. A  B  C  D

  2. B  C  D  A

  3. C  D  A  B

  4. D  B  A  C

Which leader is associated with civil disobedience and the Salt March?



  1. Kwame Nkrumah

  2. Jomo Kenyatta

  3. MOHANDAS GANDHI

  4. Ho Chi Minh

The British reliance on India as a market for its manufactured goods caused Mohandas Gandhi to



  1. Run for a set in the British Parliament

  2. Lead the Sepoy Rebellion

  3. Support traditional caste divisions

  4. REFUSE TO BUY BRITISH TEXTILES

Mohandas Gandhi’s protests in India were a response to Great Britain’s



  1. Support of Zionism

  2. Practice of humanitarianism

  3. Introduction of socialism

  4. POLICY OF COLONIALISM

Mohandas Gandhi protests during India’s independence movement were often successful because of his application of



  1. An appeasement policy

  2. CIVIL DISOBEDIENCE

  3. Traditional caste beliefs

  4. Dive-and-conquer principles

Which letter identifies the nation most closely associated with Mohandas Gandhi?



  1. A

  2. B

  3. C

  4. D

In the 1940s, the leadership of the Indian National Congress and the leadership of the Muslim League supported the goal of



  1. HELPING THE BRITISH FIGHT WORLD WAR II

  2. Removing British control from the subcontinent

  3. Abolishing caste distinctions and discrimination

  4. Establishing a unified government based on religious teachings

INDIA & PAKISTAN



Which statement can best be supported by the information on this 2003 maps?



  1. India and Pakistan have agreed on shared borders

  2. Several borders are in dispute between India and China

  3. India and Nepal are currently involved in border disputes with each other

  4. The inhabitants of the territory claimed by both India and China have little voice in the conflict

Which change occurred immediately after the region of British India gained its independence in 1947?



  1. India became an ally of the Soviet Union

  2. India adopted Islam as the official state religion

  3. The region was partitioned in to two separate states

  4. A military dictatorship took control of the entire region

Which factor has been the greatest challenge to political stability in India?



  1. ethnic and social divisions within the population

  2. lack of voter participation

  3. geographic diversity within the nation

  4. shortage of qualified candidates for elected office

Which event in the history of the Indian subcontinent occurred last?



  1. Salt March

  2. Amritsar Massacre

  3. Creation of Pakistan

  4. Sepoy Rebellion

Which pair of countries that gained independence in the 20th century experienced the migration of millions of people across their shared borders due to religious tensions?



  1. Czech Republic and Slovakia

  2. Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan

  3. Egypt and Libya

  4. India and Pakistan

Which statement related to the recent history of Pakistan is an opinion?



  1. Pakistan gained its independence from Britain in 1947

  2. The majority of the people who live in Pakistan are Muslims

  3. Pakistan would be better off if it was still part of India

  4. Mohammed Ali Jinnah was a major leader in Pakistan's independence movement

During the Indian independence movement, many Muslims in India demanded a separate state of Pakistan to



  1. remain under British control

  2. prevent future invasions from Afghanistan and China

  3. address concerns about their status as a religious minority

  4. protect the sacred rivers, the Indus and the Ganges

Which nations have been most directly involved in the events illustrated in this time line?



  1. Mongolia and China

  2. India and Pakistan

  3. Burma and Thailand

  4. Cambodia and Laos

What is the main idea of this 2002 cartoon?



  1. The United States refuses to become involved in another war

  2. Nuclear proliferation continues to threaten world peace

  3. The Cold War conflict continues today

  4. Pakistan is the dominant nuclear force in this region.


Which statement is supported by these two news excerpts?



  1. India is falling behind in the race to develop nuclear weapons

  2. The United States officially supports India's nuclear weapons program

  3. People in India and the United States have reacted very differently to India's nuclear test

  4. India's development of nuclear weapons will improve chances for peace in the region


What is the main idea of this 2002 cartoon?



  1. The technology of the Cold War now threatens peace in Asia

  2. The risk of nuclear conflict has been eliminated

  3. Nuclear power presents a possible solution to energy shortages in southern Asia

  4. Mediation has lessened tensions between India and Pakistan


Which conclusion is based on this passage?



  1. Military offensives often succeed because of monsoons

  2. Pakistan will be destroyed by flooding and drought

  3. Geographic factors can influence a nation’s military decisions

  4. Trade has a major impact on political life in India

The partition of India and the division of Yugoslavia were similar in that both were divided



  1. as a result of the Berlin Conference

  2. because of religious or ethnic differences

  3. to form communist and noncommunist states

  4. to conform to United Nations guidelines

“TENSIONS INCREASE OVER KASHMIR”

“HINDUS AND MUSLIMS CLASH IN CALCUTTA RIOTS”

“THREAT OF NUCLEAR CONFLICT WORRIES WORLD”


These headlines refer to events in which region?

  1. Latin America

  2. Sub-Saharan Africa

  3. Subcontinent of India

  4. East Asia

A sense of national unity has been difficult to maintain in India because of



  1. its reliance on foreign oil

  2. the emergence of a mixed economic system

  3. the continuing influence of militarism

  4. the desire of religious groups for greater autonomyBottom of Form

Why did large numbers of Hindu and Muslims migrate immediately after India gained its independence?



  1. Many jobs were being outsourced overseas

  2. The government offered housing incentives in newly developed areas.

  3. Religious pilgrimages to neighboring countries were required based on their beliefs

  4. The subcontinent was divided into countries based primarily on the location of religious majorities

Border conflicts between India and Pakistan have most often occurred in



  1. Kashmir

  2. East Timor

  3. Tibet

  4. Afghanistan

What was one reason that India was divided into two nations in 1947?



  1. Indian leaders disagreed about India’s role in the United Nations

  2. Great Britain feared a unified India would be a military threat

  3. The Soviet Union insisted that India should have a communist government

  4. Differences between Hindus and the Muslims created religious conflict

Base your answers to the questions on the cartoon below and on your knowledge of social studies

Which global issue is depicted in this 1974 cartoon?


  1. Overpopulation

  2. Space exploration

  3. Nuclear proliferation

  4. Ethnic tension

Which question is raised by the way the cartoonist depicted the world leaders in this 1974 cartoon?



  1. Does technology control these leaders?

  2. Are tax revenues being used?

  3. What are the terms of these military alliances?

  4. What settlement was negotiated?

http://global.brunelli.us/proliferation.jpg

Which statement best describes the main point of the cartoon?



  1. Nuclear proliferation occurs in all societies

  2. Actions of one nation often affect other nations

  3. Nuclear technology should be limited to the global superpowers

  4. Most governments are critical of India's nuclear tests

At the end of World War II, the British decided to partition the Indian subcontinent into the nations of India and Pakistan. What was a primary reason for this division?



  1. India had adopted a policy of nonalignment

  2. Religious differences had led to conflicts between Hindus and Muslims

  3. Most of India’s valuable resources were located in the south

  4. British India’s Muslim minority controlled most of India’s banking industry

What is one way the conflict in India and Pakistan over Kashmir and the conflict between the Palestinians and Israelis in the Middle East are similar?



  1. Both conflicts concern territorial and religious issues

  2. Hostilities within these regions were provoked by the United Nations

  3. Both conflicts emerged as a result of the breakup of the Soviet union

  4. Tensions in these regions were caused by efforts to remain nonaligned

GREEN REVOLUTION


In India, Bangladesh, and much of Southeast Asia, agricultural productivity is most affected by the

  1. SEASONAL MONSOONS

  2. Unnavigable rivers

  3. Numerous deserts

  4. Cold climate

Since the 1960s, famine in many parts of the world has been reduced by



  1. Increased urbanization

  2. Global warming

  3. Laissez-faire capitalism

  4. THE GREEN REVOLUTION

Which statement about the Green Revolution is most accurate?



  1. It reduced the amount of chemical pollutants in the environment

  2. IT INCREASED FOOD OUTPUT IN MANY DEVELOPING COUNTRIES

  3. It decreased dependence on fossil fuels

  4. It attempted to end colonial rule

The term Green Revolution refers to



  1. An overthrow of the government by radical parties

  2. INCREASED AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION BASED ON TECHNOLOGICAL ADVANCEMENTS

  3. A drastic change in the environment based on global warming

  4. Decreased food production caused by terrorism

The term "Green Revolution" refers to



  1. the study of the natural world

  2. AN INCREASE IN WORLDWIDE FOOD AND AGRICULTURAL RESOURCES

  3. a shift from making goods by hand to making them by machine

  4. an uprising of farmers and industrial workers

The Green Revolution of the 1960s resulted in



  1. the destruction of large industrial enterprises

  2. AN INCREASE OF FOOD OUTPUT IN MANY DEVELOPING NATIONS

  3. a decrease in world agricultural output

  4. improvement in human genetic engineering


One way in which these speakers are similar is that all are expressing their opinions about



  1. RURAL POVERTY

  2. Interdependence

  3. Urban issues

  4. Nationalism

http://global.brunelli.us/greenrevolution.jpg

Between 1960 and 1987, a major effect of the Green Revolution on India was



  1. a decrease in the production of grain after 1975

  2. an increase in grain imports after 1984

  3. AN OVERALL INCREASE IN THE PRODUCTION OF GRAIN SINCE 1966

  4. a steady decrease in grain imports from 1960 to 1966

In the late 20th century the Green Revolution had the greatest impact on



  1. GRAIN PRODUCTION IN INDIA

  2. political freedom in Russia

  3. economic reforms in Cuba

  4. traditional customs in Japan

“INDIA STRIVES FOR GRAIN SELF-SUFFICIENCY BY 1970”

NEW WHEAT VARIETY GROWS IN ARID CLIMATE”

CHEMICAL FERTILIZER USE RISES 10% IN 1960”

“SRI LANKA’S RICE PRODUCTION INCREASES 25% IN THREE YEARS”
These newspaper headlines from the 1960s and 1970s describe some of the results of the the


  1. Sepoy Mutiny

  2. Kashmir Crisis

  3. GREEN REVOLUTION

  4. Computer Revolution

DEVELOPMENT & DEMOCRACY


During the 20th century one effect of industrialization on the culture of India was the

  1. INCREASED MOVEMENT OF PEOPLE FROM RURAL TO URBAN AREAS

  2. reduction of social class mobility

  3. strengthening of cottage industries

  4. decline in the economic and political power of women

In India, urbanization affected society by



  1. reinforcing Hindu Beliefs

  2. encouraging native arts and crafts

  3. WEAKENING THE TRADITIONAL CASTE SYSTEM

  4. increasing the number of farmers

In India, the population movement from rural to urban areas has resulted in



  1. a revival of interest in traditional values

  2. the weakening of the nuclear family

  3. the end of hostilities between Hindus and Muslims

  4. A DECREASE IN RIGID CLASS DISTINCTIONS


Which conclusion can be drawn from this quotation?



  1. Roads in most villages today have fallen into disrepair

  2. New technologies will have little effect on village life

  3. MODERNIZATION OFTEN CHANGES VILLAGE LIFE

  4. The best jobs can be found in the cities

Which statement best describes a problem facing India today?



  1. Democracy has failed to gain popular support

  2. RELIGIOUS AND ETHNIC DIVERSITY HAS CONTINUED TO CAUSE CONFLICT

  3. A decrease in population has led to labor shortages

  4. Lack of technology has limited military capabilities

http://global.brunelli.us/india1.jpg

What is the cartoonist's view about democracy in India since 1947?



  1. India has become a democratic nation after fifty years

  2. India has led Asia in democratic reforms

  3. India is not a democratic nation and has not been for the last five decades

  4. INDIA'S PROGRESS IN BECOMING A DEMOCRATIC NATION HAS BEEN SLOW

NON-ALIGNMENT


Which statement best describes India's foreign policy between 1947 and 1990?

  1. It imitated Great Britain's policies

  2. It usually reflected the policies of China

  3. It rejected all assistance from communist dictatorships

  4. IT GENERALLY FOLLOWED A POLICY OF NONALIGNMENT

After World War II, India and many other developing nations sought to avoid being dominated by the superpowers by following a policy of



  1. containment

  2. NONALIGNMENT

  3. militarism

  4. isolationism



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