In the late 19th century and early 20th century, child labor was a major topic of debate



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In the late 19th century and early 20th century, child labor was a major topic of debate. Florence Kelley, a United States social worker and reformer, fought ardently against child labor and for improved working conditions for women. In her speech before the National American Woman Suffrage Association, Kelley promotes and end to child labor and increased social reform. While Kelley conveys her message through memorable forms of syntax and a call to action, she is most successful by appealing to pathis and ethos to institute a true cry for change.
Kelley makes adequate use of syntax in order to frame her argument, most notably by her use of parallelism. In describing all the difficulties and duties that child laborers must endure, Kelley maintains a constant pattern by her use of parallelism in order to emphasize the harsh realities of child labor. For instance, Kelley states "the children make our shoes in the shoe factories; they knit our stockings [... ]. They spin and weave [... ]. They carry bundles of garments from the factories to the tenements, little beasts of burden." Therefore, by outlining the countless tasks that children are called upon to do, Kelley engenders an emotional response in the audience. In short, Kelley successfully uses syntax and parallelism to highlight the plight of the child laborers.
In addition, Kelley institutes a call to action as her central purpose in order to send her message and resolve the issues associated with child labor. For instance, Kelley states "we [... ] our citizens to enjoy the right of petition.” In citing the political rights of her audience, Kelley engenders a feeling of necessity of action amongst her listeners. For, Kelley continues by saying, "no labor organization in the country ever fails to respond to an appeal for help in the freedom of children? Kelley's clear purpose is to present a call for action against child labor. By motivating her peers, Kelley hopes and more and more individuals will pick up the sword and fight child labor.
Leslie Kelley is most successful in conveying her message by appealing to both ethos and pathos. For example, in citing the ethical (ethos) issues of child labor, Kelley states "tonight while we sleep, several thousand little girls will be working in textile mills." Kelley wants her audience to ponder the rights and wrongs of child labor. By presenting a blatantly "wrong" concept, Kelley successfully produces an uneasy feeling in her audience. This identification of injustice therefore serves Kelley’s broader goals in combating child labor and instituting laws preventing the unethical treatment of children. Also, by citing specific states in legislative bodies, Kelley details how the unethical nature of child labor stems from the ??? of the political spectrum. Nevertheless, throughout her or creation, Kelley most often ??? to the emotions of her audience in order to present her point. By pointing out how "2 million children under the age of 16 years are earning their bread" and buy detailing a countless duties of a child laborer, Kelley engenders an emotional and personal cry against child labor – her desired goal. Ergo, by appealing to the ethics and emotions of her audience, Kelley conveys the true horrors of child labor. Kelley calls her audience to take action against child labor "for the sake of the children."
An attempt at ???? support for the implementation of child labor laws, Florence Kelley utilizes numerous rhetorical strategies. Yet each different strategy comes together to form one coherent idea -- a cry for the complete and total distraction of child labor.

ANALYSIS EXAMPLES 2011



Throughout Florence Kelly's 1905 speech to the Philadelphia convention of the National American Woman’s Suffrage Association, she emphasizes the need to alter the existing working conditions for young children as a necessary change in society. Repeating key concepts, introducing numerous examples of horrendous conditions and state policies, and extolling the virtues of laws curtailing the workday, Kelly develops a highly effective argument that pulls her audience into the issue and invites them to join her efforts.
Utilizing forceful emotional appeals to the consciences of her audience, Kelly urges her audience to empathize with the victims of the labor policies. For example, in the opening sentence of her speech Kelly gives the audience an idea of the scope of the problem: that over "2 million children under the age of 16 years" have to earn their own living. Through such a dramatic reference to the population in question, Kelly commences her speech with a strong, jarring note that forces her audience to care. Continuing in this vain, Kelly describes how "several thousand little girls" work throughout each and every night in textile mills, slaving themselves over the production of consumer goods. By noting the scale of the issue, Kelly sets the stage for her main argument, which contrasts significantly with the existing laws of the land. By generating sympathy from her audience, Kelley prepares them for this argument, effectively linking the problem with the state laws already in place.
Kelly also crafts her arguments with literary techniques and devices, which help place Kelly's suggestions in a more favorable light. In the body of her speech, Kelly uses parallel structure to start each paragraph, emphasizing the similar injustice of the laws "in Alabama," "in Georgia," and "in Philadelphia." The notion of unfairness is furthered by her diction when she's simultaneously praises the United States as "great industrial" country while condemning many state laws as a "great evil." Additionally, Kelly uses the oxymoron of "pitiful privilege" to describe the hypocritical nature of New Jersey's laws. Finally, she calls her audience into action with a transition from narration into firm assertion. After describing the horrible nature of legislation "enabling girls of 14 years to work all night" and little girls and boys of "under 12 years of age" to spend their developing years in factories, Kelly ties her ample evidence to her concrete goal: women's rights. Including her audience into her discussion, Kelly of firms that both the audience and she are in agreement together, on the issue when she asserts that they "do not wish this."
Throughout her persuasive speech, Kelly utilizes all the elements of effective rhetoric in her proposal for women's rights.


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