Whereas Booker T. Washington founded and established a Teachers' Institute, a Minister's Night School, a hospital open to all who needed it; a Rural School Improvement Campaign, a weekly farm paper, a circulating library, a farming community for agricultural graduates of Tuskegee and a systematic effort to improve conditions in jails and chain gangs and for the rehabilitation of released prisoners;
Whereas Booker T. Washington founded the National Negro Business League out of which was formed, The National Negro Funeral Directors' Association, The National Negro Press Association, The National Negro Bar Association, The National Negro Retail Merchants' Association and The National Association of Negro Insurance Men;
Whereas President Eliot of Harvard University conferred (1896) upon Booker T. Washington the first honorary degree ever conferred by a great university upon an American Negro
Whereas Dartmouth College conferred upon Booker T. Washington an honorary Doctor of Philosophy degree;
Whereas Booker T. Washington was the first black American commemorated with a United States postage stamp in 1942 and again in 1956 on the occasion of the centennial of his birth;
Whereas Booker T. Washington worked to promote black advancement through secret sponsorship of civil rights suits, served on the boards of Fisk and Howard universities, and directed philanthropic aid to these and other black colleges;
Whereas Booker T. Washington was the first person in the United States to convene an International Conference to address the concerns of black people throughout the world with representatives from Europe, Africa, the West Indies, South America, and throughout the United States
Whereas Booker T. Washington was the first black American to have schools and organizations all over the country bear his name, the first African-American whose birthplace was declared a national monument, the first African-American to have a United States naval vessel named for him and the first African-American to be commemorated on a U.S. coin;
Whereas Booker T. Washington was elected to the Alabama Hall of Fame in 1955.
Whereas Booker T. Washington was a lifelong, tireless advocate for a useful education rooted in character and who established that success at Tuskegee was to be measured in service to others. Now, therefore, be it
Resolved by the House of Representatives that the Congress--
(1) celebrates the sesquicentennial of the birth of Booker T. Washington,
(2) recognizes the important contributions of Booker T. Washington to the advancement of former slaves and to the United States of America; and
(3) instructs the Clerk of the House of Representatives to distribute a copy of this resolution to the descendants of Booker T. Washington, the Archives of the State of Alabama and to the president of Tuskegee University.