In the eyes of most Americans today, the power of state governments, compared with that of the federal government, seems

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Federalism #3

  1. In the eyes of most Americans today, the power of state governments, compared with that of the federal government, seems

  1. Vastly powerful.

  2. Equally shared.

  3. Weak on foreign matters, strong on domestic.

  4. Weak or unimportant.

  1. The national supremacy view of the newly formed federal government was powerfully defended by Chief Justice

  1. John Marshall.

  2. James McCulloch.

  3. John C. Calhoun.

  4. James Madison.

  1. After the Civil War the debate about the meaning of federalism focused on the ______________ clause of the Constitution.

  1. Defense.

  2. Tax.

  3. Currency.

  4. Commerce.

  1. The use of federal money to finance state-run programs is called

  1. Power politics.

  2. Residual funding.

  3. The Great Compromise.

  4. The grant-in-aid system.

  1. Members of the intergovernmental lobby are chiefly concerned with obtaining

  1. Political appointments.

  2. Constitutional amendments.

  3. Federal funds.

  4. Equal rights.

  1. In the federal highway program, Washington pays about ___________ percent of the construction costs.

  1. 90

  2. 75

  3. 50

  4. 25

  1. Which of the following statements about the amount of the average monthly welfare payment received by an AFDC family is correct?

  1. It is determined by Congress.

  2. It varies greatly from state to state.

  3. It is about the same in every state.

  4. It is based on a legislative formula.

  1. The requirement that a state or locality match federal money is most common with

  1. Categorical grants.

  2. Land grants.

  3. Block grants.

  4. Revenue sharing.

  1. Which of the following is (are) not among the coalition that prefers categorical grants to block grants and revenue sharing?

  1. Congress

  2. The federal bureaucracy

  3. Liberal interest groups

  4. State and local officials

  1. Which of the following has (have) grown fastest in recent years?

  1. Categorical grants

  2. Block grants

  3. Revenue sharing

  4. All have grown at about the same rates.

  1. The existence of these governments is guaranteed by the U.S. Constitution.

  1. Cities

  2. Counties

  3. Towns

  4. The states

  1. Tensions in the federal system most commonly arise from

  1. The failures of local and state government.

  2. The arrogance of federal officials.

  3. Competing demands on federal versus local officials.

  4. The increasingly local orientation of Congress.

  1. The doctrine of dual federalism has been revived as a result of Supreme Court rulings pertaining to the _________ and _________ Amendments.

  1. First and Fifth

  2. First and Fourteenth

  3. Tenth and Eleventh

  4. Ninth and Twenty-second

  1. It appears that Reagan-era federal aid cutbacks led to

  1. The slashing of programs by state and local governments.

  2. State and local governments finding new ways to deliver old services.

  3. Lower service levels than otherwise would have been the case.

  4. Lesser state flexibility in program design.

  1. One reason revenue sharing proved unsuccessful as a means of distributing federal money to local governments is that it

  1. Is a wasteful way to help poor communities.

  2. Is highly vulnerable to political lobbying.

  3. Requires annual congressional approval.

  4. Encourages rivalry among states competing for federal money.

  1. The U.S. government primarily regulates

  1. Individual citizens.

  2. States.

  3. Regions of the country.

  4. Areas of the world.

  1. The standard used to determine when the national government may exercise powers not specifically mentioned in the Constitution is

  1. ‘necessary and proper.’

  2. ‘preferred freedoms.’

  3. ‘clear and present.’

  4. ‘mutual noninterference.’

  1. All but which of the following are reasons grant-in-aid systems grew rapidly throughout the twentieth century?

  1. The federal government could shift taxation to states.

  2. The federal government had the money to spend.

  3. The federal government could print money when it needed.

  4. It was politically wise for states to get money from the federal government rather than by raising their own taxes.

  1. The Law Enforcement Assistance Act is an example of a

  1. Categorical grant.

  2. Land grant.

  3. Nullification.

  4. Block grant.

  1. All of the following were reasons driving devolution efforts in the 1990s except

  1. Deep-seated mistrust of the federal government.

  2. Concern about the federal budget deficit.

  3. Lack of flexibility on the part of the federal government.

  4. Americans’ being in favor of devolution.


  1. D

  2. A

  3. D

  4. D

  5. C

  6. A

  7. B

  8. A

  9. D

  10. A

  11. D

  12. C

  13. C

  14. B

  15. A

  16. B

  17. A

  18. A

  19. D

  20. C

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