In Nathaniel Hawthorne's



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A story about a woman who has committed adultery and now living with consequences and a story about a boy who is convicted of murdering his girlfriend and only wants to get out the truth. These two very different stories are indeed very similar. In both the novels, everyone is hiding something, but will the truth eventually be uncovered? In Nathaniel Hawthorne's The Scarlet Letter and Jodi Picoult's The Pact, many common themes and conflicts emerge that result in very similar endings where truth is revealed.

In both novels, the reader will see the major theme of judgment within the

community. In the novel The Scarlet Letter the protagonist Hester Prynne has committed

of adultery and is now ridiculed and looked down upon by th~ Puritan community. "This

woman has brought shame upon us all, and ought to die ..." (Hawthorne 59),A Puritan

woman is ridiculing Hester while Hester is standing on the scaffold in the center of the

colony as part ofher punishment. Many of the colonists believe that Hester's punishment

was not harsh enough and believe her to be an evil sinner. This is similar in the novel The

Pact. In which Chris Harte is convicted of murdering his girlfriend, Emily. Without

knowledge of any details or knowing Chris and his family, the community immediately

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. says that Chris is guilty and st~?to question the Harte household. ~tan you believe it? In



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that household?" Gus [Chris's mother] turned around ... ~ut all she saw were several

Bainbridge biddies along their weekly shopping. .. \~'1 think when a child that young

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commits a crime as horrible as this one, you have to lay the blame on the parents ... " '



(Picoult 181-182), Gus Harte who’isChris-‘~ofher hears many ofthe neighborhood

ladies talking about the new gossip of her son’s murder conviction and can’t believe that

much ofthe community blames and questions her being a good mother. The main

Sample 2:

Themes of Ignorance in Two Novels: A Comparative Analysis

When a reader explores the novels The Hunger Games by Suzanne Collins and Fahrenheit 451 by Ray Bradbury, they will notice a profound similarity between the two works of literature. Aside from obvious similarities in plot and symbols, a distinct connection is formed when examining the theme of ignorance. According to the Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary, ignorance is a "lack of knowledge, education or awareness". Many of the characters in the novels find themselves either trapped or free of this ignorance. By examining the theme of ignorance, the reader can better understand characters' persona, their tactics for surviving their desolate situations in a society that breeds ignorance, and, therefore, better comprehend the novels' stark messages. Ignorance,-as-before.mentiom~d,is simply the lack of knowledge. Sometimes, this deficiency is a choice by a character. This character might make the specific decision to remain ignorant in order to block out the evils in his or her life. In The Hunger Games, we’re

.introduced to two such character, "Haymitch Abernathy and Katniss's mother. Both of these characters react and respond differently to the injustices in their lives. The first time the reader meets Haymitch, he is drunJe, which forces the reader to believe that his character has an extensive history with alcohoL When attending the reaping event early in the novel, Katniss


Sample 3

Two Lives: One Story

"It was the best of times, it was the worst of times; it was the age of wisdom, it was the age of foolishness" (Dickens). Everyone encounters tribulations in their life, but it is the manner in which he or she handles the conflict that shapes a person. Novels cleverly depict conl1icts that can arise in any situation, and the end results vary from book to book. In the novels Jane Eyre and Snow Flower and The Secret Fan, the protagonist grow up with similar conflicts that the authors use to shape similar themes. girls, linked by the words that the authors use to shape their lives. The protagonists Jane Eyre, in the story Jane Eyre, and Lily, in Snow Flower and the Secret Fan, both have similar characteristics, despite their two separate lives, that ironically create one similar plot.

The first characteristic that ties both of these girls together is their personality. Both Lily and Jane have to mature at an exceptionally young age and overcome struggles that many girls their age never had to face. Jane has the weight of the world on her shoulders; she struggles from losing her parents and feeling stranded in a house with family who treated her as a servant. Lily faces the struggles of growing up in tXe Chinese Dynasty where a fulfilled youth was cut sholi. Each of their childhoods are spent trying to stand their ground while it seems the world is fighting against them.

Throughout the childhood of the classical character Jane, she is continually strong-willed. Jane has endured everything aside from an easy life. The unexpected death of her parents leaves her at Gateshead Manor in the care of her Aunt Reed. Jane is seen as a low-class girl in the eyes of her cousins, and her family treats her with utter cruelty. Jane states to her servant Bessie, "I resisted all the way, a new thing for me" (Eyre 15). The resentment Jane displays

Sample 4:

"When the going gets tough, the tough get going." In the celebration of human accomplishment, and willingness to overcome, Joseph Kennedy speaks triumphant words. The power of the human will shall forever prevail. In Hemingway's For Whom the Bell Tolls, and Matheson's I am Legend, nestled away in the context is a fundamentally crucial theme, ..that being the power of the human will. By reiterating this theme in both of these stories, a strikingly clear connection between the pieces emerges, helping to grasp not only the literature at han<\.but human nature as a whole.

Robert Jordan, the protagonist of For Whom the Bell Tolls exhibits an array of thematically driven emotions, but most obviously, and the one most fundamental to the plot of the story is the power of his will. Robert Jordan overcomes a plethora of obstacles in his seemingly impossible mission. One ofthese challenges was his apathetic commander. "Was there ever a people whose leaders were as truly their enemies as this one?" (Hemingway, 13) In this line, Robert Jordan vents his true feelings and questions whether or not the commander was even on their side. He brings the obvious question into context, openly questioning whether or not he even cares about the human lives he is ultimately in control of. Now, in the face of such obvious and seemingly intentional danger, and such lack of concern from superiors, there is certainly no doubt that Robert Jordan would have become intimidated by his ; however, he quickly gains his resolve and flat out changes his view of warfare:

You went into it knowing what you were fighting for. You were fighting against exactly what you were doing and being forced into doing to have any chance of winning. So now he was compelled to use these people whom he liked as you should use troops toward whom you have no feeling at all if you were to be successful.


Sample 5:

The moment a child is born into poverty, society is already judging. Judging their parents, their appearance, and what their future will hold. Charles Dickens's Oliver Twist and Jeannette Walls's The Glass Castle, demonstrate the strength of the poverty-stricken children, and escape their setbacks, rise above their bad influences, and get back on the path they deviated off for a moment.

Being born in a workhouse in London, young Oliver Twist was already viewed as unworthy to society. The Poor Law of 1834 was recently issued and Oliver has to abide by it. This law created undesirable conditions for the people living in the workhouse, leaving them hungry and over worked. Oliver then asks, "Please, sir, I want some more," (Dickens 14), leaving the board of the workhouse appalled and offered a reward to anyone that took him off their hands. Sowerberry claims the money and Oliver and takes him back to be apprenticed as an undertaker. Oliver loathes Sowerberry's occupation along with the beatings he received for defending himself after being ridiculed by Sowerberry's other apprentice. At dawn, Oliver makes his seventy mile escape to London.

Just before London, Oliver is introduced to an odd boy who offers Oliver a place at Fagin's, who is unknowingly to Oliver the leader of a gang of thieves. There Oliver notes a "game" Fagin is playing with the boys and finds excitement in it. The boys secretly try to take things from Fagin's pockets; they boys are praised if they successfully sneak an item out of Fagin's possession. Fagin's boys take this "game" to the streets and do the same to an old man



Sample 5:

The Human Nature

Lord of the Flies and Brave New World are two pieces that masterfully display a

dystopian society. Lord of the Flies features a group of stranded boys who, without experience and a figure oftrue authority, fail to establish order and revert to primal instincts. However, in Brave New World, a strict regime has established itself and has sacrificed emotion and free thought in the name of efficiency. Although these two novels create dystopias in an almost reverse method, a common theme emerges; the frailty of what we consider the human nature.

Brave New World opens in the year 2495 in a building in London called the Hatching and Conditioning Centre. This is the building where human babies are genetically engineered and literally hatched from bottles. In the scene, a group ofyoung alpha boys, the leaders· and most genetically favorable of all the classes, is being given a tour by one ofthe ten world leaders. Therefore we gain a great amount ofinformation about the futuristic society through this dialogue.

At first, this new world seems like a utopia. We find out that promiscuity and public sexual behavior is not just condoned, but encouraged. On top ofthat, every citizen is given a weekly ration of a drug called Soma, which is described as being comparable to LSD. The govermnent even goes as far as to require periodical sexual sessions called solidarity service days. These consist of a generous helping of Soma and a unified chant followed by an orgy. Of course to some this may not seem that appealing. However, the notion that a govermnent would take the responsibility of insuring every individual has personal satisfaction and a carefree life is certainly alluring.

Yet, the mandatory vices are not the only part ofthis society makes it seem like a Utopia. The social order is constructed so that everyone is happy with their job. Before the citizens are

Sample 6:

A Comparative Analysis: Two Stories of Heartbreak



Heartache: it is a part of life. We all have our own personal experience with it; whether it is one of brutal rejection or one of sorrowful loss. However it is these poignant experiences that connect each and everyone of us as humans. We have all felt pain, disappointment, rejection, loss. Two pieces of literature that tell their own stories of heartbreak are Love in the Time 0/ Cholera by Gabriel Marquez and Great Expectations by Charles Dickens. Although these stories were written at different times, in different countries, by different authors, they are connected by plot lines that exemplify the devastation that is caused by heartbreak.

Both Dickens and Marquez paint the story of a man that falls in love with a beautiful, but headstrong and independent woman to an almost obsessive level. Unfortunately, both of these women choose to marry another man because of his money and high social status. In fact, both of these women undermine the mere idea of romantic love. Estella, from Great Expectations, says, "I have not bestowed tendemess or love anywhere. I have never had any such thing," (Shmoop, par.6). In this line she speaks of her inability to feel or understand real love. She regards the idea as foolish ,md juvenile. So, she weds the rich and socially respected, but cruel Bently Drummle, refusing the true love Pip offers her. Likewise, Fermina, from Love in the Time a/Cholera, marries the well-respected Dr. Urbino. She, too, coldly rejects her lover, Florentino. "... She asked herself, appalled, how she could have nmtured such a chimera in her heart for so


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