In class, we discussed the “major” Crusades; the First, Second, etc. However, several other “lesser known” Crusades also occurred. The People’s and Children’s Crusades are examples of these conflicts



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In class, we discussed the “major” Crusades; the First, Second, etc. However, several other “lesser known” Crusades also occurred. The People’s and Children’s Crusades are examples of these conflicts, read more about them at the sites listed below:

The People’s Crusade: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/People%27s_Crusade

Read:


  • the introduction

  • Background

  • Leadership Breakdown


  1. What factors caused the peasants of the People’s Crusade to leave for Jerusalem?

  2. Who was Peter the Hermit? What role did he play in the People’s Crusade?

  3. Many once believed that the participants in the People’s Crusade were ignorant of how to reach Jerusalem. What does the author state about this misperception?

  4. What circumstances led Peter the Hermit to lose control of his “crusaders”?

The Children’s Crusade: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Children%27s_Crusade Read:




  • Introduction

  • Version of Events (both Traditional & Modern)

  • Modern Explanation




  1. Briefly summarize the traditional (and legendary) view of the Children’s Crusade

  2. Modern historians believe that many of the participants in the Children’s Crusade were not children, but whom?



The Third Crusade is often remembered for the strong leaders, of the opposing sides, that emerged in the midst of this conflict. Richard I of England and Saladin of the Arabian Empire are often referred to as “the Warriors of God” because of the pivotal role they played in history of Jerusalem. Watch the following documentary about them:

The Third Crusade & The Roles of Saladin and Richard (The Warriors of God):

Part 1: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=72OJlIbv7ro





  1. How did the Arab world view Europeans at the time of the Third Crusade??

  2. How did Richard’s family tree relate to his status as a Crusader?

Part 2: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0i200r7UPs0&feature=relmfu



  1. So after becoming leader, Saladin was not concerned with Jerusalem, what was his ambition?

  2. Why was Saladin criticized by Muslim holy men?

  3. How did Saladin’s near death experience impact his views on Jerusalem?

Part 3: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hL201yINWiQ&feature=relmfu

  1. What artifact did the Crusaders rely upon in battle?

  2. What was Saladin’s perspective on Jesus?

  3. How did Christians of Jerusalem expect Saladin to act upon his conquest of the city? How did he act?

Part 4: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GGqKckVXG6E&feature=relmfu



  1. What symbol was used to identify European Crusaders, including Richard?

  2. What impact did Richard’s arrival at Acre have on the Crusaders stationed there?

Part 5: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zfaVwVwBdn8&feature=relmfu



  1. After arriving in Acre and falling ill, how did Richard choose to deal with Saladin?

  2. How did Saladin’s defeat at Acre affect his status as leader?


After Saladin’s defeat at Acre, he and Richard I fought several battles over the city of Jafa. Richard was the final victor in these battles. This Crusader victory left Jerusalem, held by Saladin, vulnerable.
These battles left both Richard and Saladin exhausted from the fighting. A treaty was signed by both to end the Third Crusade.
Part 11: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iV7Hm5NbKnI&feature=relmfu

  1. What were the conditions of this truce?



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