In belgian brussels life in brussels



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CHAPTER 16: IN BELGIAN BRUSSELS

  1. LIFE IN BRUSSELS

    1. Two reasons impelled Rizal to leave Paris:

      1. The cost of living in Paris was very high because of the Universal Exposition

      2. The gay social life of the city hampered his literary works

    2. Rizal was busy writing his second novel and writing articles for La Solidaridad

  2. NEW ORTOGRAPHY OF TAGALOG LANGUAGE

    1. The tagalong letters k and w should be used instead of the Spanish c and o.

      1. Salacot = salakot/ arao = araw

  3. RIZAL CRITICIZES MADRID FILIPINOS FOR GAMBLING

    1. Rizal’s letter to del Pilar:

      1. Luna in Paris complains of the gambling of the Filipinos in Madrid

      2. We are serving the friars’ scheme

      3. Filipinos do not come to Europe to gamble and to amuse himself but to work for his liberty and for the dignity of his race

      4. We in whom the poor people place their modest hopes.

    2. The gambling Filipinos in Madrid were angry when they learned of Rizal’s moralizing

      1. They derisively called him “Papa” (Pope) instead of “Pepe”

  4. BAD NEWS FROM HOME

    1. The Calamba agrarian trouble was getting worse.

    2. The management of the Dominican Hacienda continually raised the land rents until such time that Rizal’s father refused to pay his rent.

      1. The Dominican Order filed a suit in court to dispossess the Rizal family of their lands in Calamba.

      2. Tenants were persecuted

    3. Jose’s letter to Soledad

      1. I have caused much harm to our family, but at least there remains to us the consolation of knowing that the motive is not disgraceful nor does it humiliate any body

      2. It raises us up and gives us more dignity in the eyes of our enemies themselves; to fall with the head high and the brow serene is not to fall, it is to triumph

      3. The sad thing is to fall with the stain of dishonor

  5. PRESENTIMENT OF DEATH

    1. He feared that we would not live long

    2. He was not afraid to die, but he wanted to finish his second novel before he went to his grave

    3. Letter to del Pilar:

      1. In my childhood I had a strange belief that I would not reach 30 years of age.

      2. I am preparing myself for death and for any eventuality. Laong Laan (Ever Ready) is my true name.

  6. PREPARATION TO GO HOME

    1. In the face of the sufferings which afflicted his family, Rizal planned to go home.

    2. He could not stay in Brussels writing a book while his family are persecuted

    3. Letter to Ponce:

      1. Graciano Lopez Jaena shold not got to Cuba but to our country to allow himself to be killed in defense of his ideals

        1. We have only once to die, and if we do not die well, we lose an opportunity which will not again be presented to us.

      2. I want to go back to the Philippines

        1. We are not making any progress by following prudence

  7. DECISION TO GO TO MADRID

    1. Rizal ignored the dire warning of his friends to return to the Philippines. No threat of danger could change his plan

    2. Something happened that suddenly made him change his plan.

      1. It was a letter from Paciano which related that they lost the case against the Dominicans in Manila, but they appealed it to the Supreme Court in Spain

      2. A lawyer was needed to handle it in Madrid

    3. Rizal wrote to del Pilar retaining the latter’s services as lawyer.

      1. Jose informed del Pilar that he was going to Madrid to supervise the handling of the case

  8. TO MY MUSE

    1. A poem that represents Jose’s worries on the disasters experienced by his family

  9. ROMANCE WITH PETITE JACOBY

    1. Two things brought some measure of cheer to the despondent Rizal, as he was preparing for his trip to Madrid

      1. FIRST: summertime festival in Belgium, which was celebrated in carnival style

      2. SECOND: romance with Petite Jacoby, niece of his landladies



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