In a search for the route to the 2000 meters depth: The deepest cave in the World in the Arabika Massif, Western Caucasus


In a search for the route to the 2000 meters depth



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In a search for the route to the 2000 meters depth:
The deepest cave in the World in the Arabika Massif,
Western Caucasus

Alexander Klimchouk and Yury Kasjan

Ukrainian Speleological Association

Photographs by Oleg Klimchouk, Denis Provalov, Yury Kasjan, Vladimir Kisseljov and Alexander Klimchouk



Foreword

In the turn of the centuries, in the first decade of January 2001, the expedition of the Ukrainian Speleological Association explored Krubera (Voronja) cave in Arabika to a record-breaking depth of -1710m. For the first time in the history of speleology the world deepest cave has been explored outside of the Central/Western Europe. It stands alone as the most remarkable achievement in super-deep exploration of the recent decades, the largest single breakthrough in depth conquest since 1975. Overcoming of the previous depth record of Lamprechtsofen-Vogelschacht in Austria by 80m is particularly impressive compared to the three previous records, each of which raised the bar no more than in twenty meters (to -1602m in 1989, -1610m in 1998, -1632m in 1998). This article briefly describes speleological potential of the Arabika massif and history of its exploration and gives some details of the Krubera cave and the recent record-breaking exploration.






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