Imperialism and America

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Yellow journalism = sensational writing that exaggerates the news to lure and enrage readers

  • President McKinley tries diplomatic measures in Cuba

  • Spanish recall Weyler, offer Cuba limited self-government

  • In Feb. 1898, the New York Journal prints a letter by Enrique Dupuy de Lôme, Spanish Minister to the U.S.

  • De Lôme Letter insulted McKinley

  • Americans are enraged

  • In same month, U.S.S. Maine explodes in Havana harbor

  • 260 American soldiers are killed

  • U.S. newspapers claim Spanish blew up the ship

    • War erupts

    • On April 20, 1898, the U.S. declares war on Spain

    • First battle is in Philippines

    • Commodore George Dewey decimates Spanish fleet on April 30

    • Lands troops on islands

    • For next two months, American troops and Filipino rebels fight Spanish troops

    • U.S. Navy blockades Cuba

    • Seals Spanish fleet harbor of Santiago de Cuba

    • U.S. forces land in Cuba in June 1898

    • Includes the young Theodore Roosevelt’s Rough Riders, a cavalry unit

    • Minor land battles culminate in charge on San Juan Hill

    • Americans take Santiago

    • Spanish fleet tries to escape, is destroyed by U.S. Navy

    • Americans also invade Puerto Rico

    • On August 12, 1898, the U.S. and Spain a cease-fire agreement

    • U.S. gets Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines, Spain frees Cuba in the Treaty of Paris

    • Arguments over American imperialism arise

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