Imperialism and America Chapter 18 Section 1 pages 526-529


TR’s Big Stick Diplomacy -



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TR’s Big Stick Diplomacy -“Speak softly and carry a big stick; you will go far.”

It promised military support to U.S. companies that invested in the Caribbean, Central, and South America.

*______________________________- to exert influence over other countries. If Latin American countries could not pay the loans they borrowed from U.S. companies, the U.S. military would help collect the debt.


Woodrow Wilson's __________________________________ Diplomacy

-According to Wilson, the US had a moral responsibility to deny recognition to any Latin American government it viewed as __________________________________________to US interests.


The Mexican Revolution

-In 1911, Mexican peasants and workers led by _____________________________ overthrew _________________________________. (Military dictator and US ally.)


-After two years General _____________________________took over and executed Madero.

-Wilson refused to ________________________________ the government, calling it “a government of butchers.”


Intervention in Mexico

-April 1914- Huerta’s officers arrested and released a group of American sailors.

-Wilson saw this as an excuse to intervene in Mexico.

-Once the Huerta regime collapsed, a nationalist leader became president in 1915. Wilson withdrew the troops and formally recognized the new government.



Rebellion in Mexico- many Mexicans did not support the new government.

-Rebels under *___________________________________________ and


_________________________________________________ would kill an American man in Mexico.

-The US public demanded revenge.


*General ________________________________- was ordered by Wilson to capture Villa dead or alive.

-After a year of US troops looking for him. Mexicans grew angrier over the US invasion of their land.



-In the end both sides backed down and Pershing was ordered to return home.
-The US pursued and achieved several foreign policy goals in the early 20th century:


  1. The US expanded its access to foreign markets in order to ensure the continued growth of the domestic economy.

  2. The US built a modern navy to protect its interests abroad.

  3. The US exercised its international police power to ensure dominance in Latin America.



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