Imperialism and America Chapter 18 Section 1 pages 526-529

The Spanish-American-Cuban War

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The Spanish-American-Cuban War

Chapter 18 Section 2 pages 530-534

11. In the 1880s what was the main focus of the Cuban economy? ________________________

12. What were American opinions about the Cuban situation?

Those in favor __________________________________________________________

Those opposed __________________________________________________________

13. What did Weyler do to the entire rural population of central and western Cuba?


14. What role did yellow journalism play in the outbreak of the Spanish-American War? What is your opinion of Hearst’s statement, “You furnish the pictures and I’ll furnish the war.” Explain.



15. What role does the sinking of the U.S.S Maine have on the Spanish-American War?


In 1898, the cause of the explosion? __________________________________________

Today, the cause of the explosion? __________________________________________

16. What were some of the problems with the American invasion of Cuba?



17. How did Theodore Roosevelt become a national hero while in Cuba?



18. What lands did the U.S. acquire as a result of the Spanish-American War?

A. ______________________ B. __________________________ C. _____________________

19. Why was it ironic that McKinley wanted to Christianize the Filipinos?

Section 2: The _____________________________ War

-In 1898, the US went to war to help Cuba win its independence from Spain.

Cubans Rebel against _____________________________

-By the end of the 19th century, Spain- once the most powerful colonial nation on earth- had lost most of its colonies.

-The US had long held an interest in Cuba, which lies only 90 miles south of Florida. (Sugar)

-When the Cubans rebelled against Spain, between 1868 in 1878, American sympathies went out to the Cuban people.

The Second War for Independence

-Anti-Spanish sentiment in Cuba soon erupted into a second war for independence.

*José Marti- He organized Cuban resistance against Spain, using an active guerrilla campaign and deliberately destroying property, especially American owned sugar mills and plantations. This was all in an effort to get America involved in freeing Cuba.
War Fever Escalates

-In 1896, Spain responded to the Cuban revolt by sending *General _____________________________- to Cuba to restore order.

*_______________________________________- exaggerates the news to lure and enrage readers. (William Randolph Hearst and Joseph Pulitzer)
The De Lome Letter

-In February 1898, the New York Journal published a private letter written ________________________________________, the Spanish minister to the United States.

-A Cuban rebel had stolen the and leaked it to the newspaper..

-The letter criticized President McKinley, calling him “weak” and “a bidder for the admiration of the crowd.”

-Americans were angry over the insult to their president.
The ___________________________________ Explodes (Feb 1898)

-A few days after the De Lome letter, an American ship blew up in the harbor of Havana. More than 260 men were killed.

-President McKinley had ordered the ___________________________ to Cuba to bring home American citizens in danger from the fighting, and to protect American property.

-At the time, no one really knew why the ship exploded; however, American newspapers claimed that the Spanish had blown up the ship.

War with Spain Erupts

-War cry "________________________________________________!”

-Public opinion favored war. April 20, 1898 the US declared war on Spain.
The War in the Philippines

*Commodore ______________________________________- gave the command to open fire on the Spanish fleet at Manila, the Philippine capital.

-Within hours, they had destroyed every Spanish ship there. Dewey's victory allowed US troops to land in the Philippines.-

By August, Spanish troops in Manila surrendered to the US.

War in the Caribbean

-Hostilities began with a naval blockade of Cuba.

-Dewey's victory in Manila had demonstrated the superiority of the US naval forces.

-In contrast, the army maintained only a small professional force, supplied by a larger inexperienced and ill-prepared volunteer force.


-A volunteer cavalry under the command of Leonard Wood and ______________________ who gave up his job as the Assistant Secretary of the Navy to lead the group.

*___________________________________- the second victory for the US. Infantry attack.

-US troops invaded Puerto Rico on July 25, 1898.

*_________________________________- on August 12,1898 the US and Spain signed armistice. The war lasted 16 weeks. -In December 1898, the US and Spain met in Paris to agree on a treaty.

-Spain freed Cuba and the US gained the islands of ________________and_____________

to the US. Spain also sold the US the ______________________________ for $20 million. -The US now had an empire. The next question Americans faced was how and when the US would add to its domain.

Name _______________________________

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