Imperialism and America Chapter 18 Section 1 pages 526-529


Chapter 18: America Claims an Empire



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Chapter 18: America Claims an Empire


Section 1: Imperialism and America

-Beginning in 1867, and through the next century, global competition caused the US to expand.



American Expansionism

*___________________________________- the policy in which stronger nations extend their economic, political, and military control over weaker territories.

-This was already a trend around the world.

*___________________________________- putting one’s national above all else. Pride in one’s country is important. Putting the nation’s interest first in dealings with all other countries.

*______________________________________ - as an admiral in the Navy, he urged the government to build American naval power in order to compete with other powerful nations.

-The US Navy would _____________________________________________________.



Global Competition- EU nations had been establishing colonies for centuries. In the late 19th century Africa had emerged as a prime target for European expansionism.

-Most Americans warmed to the idea of expansion overseas.

-With manifest destiny, they had already pushed the US borders to the Pacific.

3 factors fueled new American imperialism:


  1. ___________________________________



  1. ___________________________________

3. ___________________________________

-Imperialists viewed foreign trade as a solution to ____________________________ and the related problems of _________________________________________ and __________________________________________.

-They argued that the US had a responsibility to spread Christianity and “civilization” to the world's “inferior people.”

The US Acquires Alaska

*______________________________- arranged for the US to buy Alaska from Russia for $7.2 million.

-At the time Alaska was known as “____________________________________”

-In 1959, Alaska became the 49th state. It turned out to be a great buy, which was full of resources.



The US Takes Hawaii

-Hawaii was important to the United States because it was a _________________ on the way to China and East India.

-In 1887 the US established a ____________________ at ____________________, which was used as a fueling station.

-By 1900, foreigners and immigrant laborers outnumbered natives 3 to 1.

-Hawaii was a major source of __________________for the US.

-The McKinley Tariff of 1890 provoked a crisis by eliminating the duty-free status of Hawaiian sugar. -As a result, Hawaiian sugar growers faced competition in the American market.

-American planters in Hawaii called for the US to annex the islands so they wouldn't have to pay the duty.

*____________________________________________- surrendered to the superior force of the US and the white foreigners who planned to overthrow her.

-The US set up a government headed by *__________________________________.

-In August 1898 Congress proclaimed Hawaii as an American territory.



-In 1959 Hawaii became the 50th state.


Name _______________________________




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