Iii. Greece’s Golden Age



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III. Greece’s Golden Age

  1. Philosophers Search for the Truth



  • Philosophers –



  • Great thinkers determined to find the truth



  • Believed the universe was put together in orderly ways with absolute laws





  1. Socrates



  • One of the most important thinker in history



  • Wanted everyone to question themselves and their moral duty



  • Famous for his Socratic Method





  • Socratic Method –



  • 399 BC –

  • Sentenced to death – Drank poison (hemlock) instead of leaving Athens



  • Refuses to apologize for his beliefs



  1. Plato



  • Student of Socrates





  • Founded a school for philosophers known as the Academy



  • Most famous book The Republic





  • Government ruled by a philosopher king and the elite



  • Charged with same crime as his teacher, but choose to leave Athens and live



  1. Aristotle





  • Developed what later became known as the Scientific Method



  • Golden Mean –



  • Many of the ideas of these three people laid the framework for Western education



  1. Pericles (495 BC-429 BC)



  • Led Athens for 32 years



  • Respected general and statement



Goals for Athens

(1)


(2)

(3)


  • Achieving his goals



  • Created direct democracy





  • Also used money from the Delian League to beautify Athens



  1. Drama and History



  • Created drama as a form of expression and entertainment





  • Herodotus



  • Thucydides –



  1. Athens and Sparta Go to War



  • Peloponnesian Wars –



  • Athens had the better navy



  • Athens has early victories but is struck with widespread plague during the war’s second year





  • Results in an Athens being defeated and losing its empire, wealth, and power



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