II. 1 Introduction

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4j) Please provide information about the number of staff working at the World Heritage Site (enter figures).

Full Time:

140 (Value must be a number)

Part Time:

11 (Value must be a number)


62 (Value must be a number)


      (Value must be a number)

Please list the job categories of these staff (e.g., Park Superintendent, Historian, Ecologist, Interpreter, General Works/Maintenance Manager) and describe the specialized skills and expertise of the World Heritage Site's staff members.
Monticello has scores of job categories. Its staff includes 15 Ph.D.'s. Most supervisors have advanced degrees in their fields. Dan Jordan, PhD in American History, University of Virginia; Fraser Neiman, PhD in Anthropolgy, Yale University; Gabriele Rausse, PhD in Agricultural Sciences, University of Milan; Dianne Swann-Wright, PhD in American History, University of Virginia; Sara Bon-Harper, PhD in Anthropology, University North Carolina; Jeff Looney, PhD in History, Princeton University; Elizabeth Chew, PhD in Art History, University North Carolina; Liz Tedwell, PhD in Higher Education Administration and Communication, Michigan State; Jill Anderson, PhD in American History, Rutgers University; Robert Haggard, PhD in Modern European History, University of Virginia; Julie Lautenschlager, PhD in American Studies, College of William and Mary; Elizabeth-Latta Brogher, PhD English Literature, Indiana University; Eleanor Sparagana, PhD Comparitive History, Brandeis University; Andrew O'Shaughnessy, PhD Modern History, Oxford University.

4l) Are there any visitor statistics for the site?

4l1) If YES, please provide the annual visitation for the most recent year it is available, indicating what year that is, a brief summary of the methodology for counting visitors, and briefly describe the trends in visitation. (In describing these trends, please use the year of inscription as a baseline.)

Visitor Statistics for 2003: 464,733. This was the sixth consequitive year that visitation has decreased.

Visitors buy ticket and a computer generates the daily reports. The trend line has been down since September 11, 2001. Monticello has averaged approximately 312,000 visitors per year since 1924, when it was opened as a public attraction. Since 1980, the average annual attendance has been approximately 532,000. Monticello had more than 500,000 visitors each year for 21 consecutive years (1981-2001).
University of Virginia: Jeffersonian Precinct

Visitor Statistics for 2002:

Total 100,205
Visitation records at the University of Virginia are kept by the Rotunda staff in which visitors are counted as they enter the building. The admissions office additionally records visitor statistics for prospective students and student-orientation meetings.

4m) Please briefly describe the visitor facilities at the property.
Monticello has two centers--one with an exhibition, gift shop, and theater, and the other with ticketing facilities. 

4n) Is there tourism/visitor management plan for the property??

4n1) If YES, please briefly summarize the plan, and provide a URL where the plan can be located.
Monticello's tourism plan is included within its general management plan. Monticello has a detailed 213-page management plan, with rolling three-year financial projections. In addition a Historic Structures Report was completed in 1987

Scientific Studies
4o) Please list key scientific studies and research programs that have been conducted concerning the site. (Please use the year of inscription as a baseline.)

4o1) Please describe how the results of these studies and research programs have been used in managing the World Heritage Site.
The archaeology program enhances interpretation at Monticello and at the University and informs its restoration work. The archaeology Department was established in 1979 to advance our understanding of plantation life through archaeological remains and to insure that all sub-surface disturbances at Monticello would be approached responsibly. Their research has contributed directly to landscape recreations such as the vegetable garden terrace, the garden retaining wall, the planting plan for the main orchard, and the garden and orchard enclosure. Their research also was fundamental in confirming the alignment of the restored mountaintop road (known from survey plats) and the location of some of the trees that lined the road. Their systematic excavations also were essential to the recreation of a garden pavilion and to the restoration of the terraces and built-in planters at the four courners of the main house. The plantation survey, begun in 1997, has addressed the broader landscape and helped document changes made over time. Their research will be fundamental in guiding decisions about the long-term management and interpretation of the property at large.

4o2) What role, if any, has the property's designation as a World Heritage Site played in the design of these scientific studies and research programs? For example, has there been a specific effort in these programs to focus on the recognized World Heritage values of the property?
The World Heritage status of the properties has not played a significant role in the research programs at the either site.

Education, Information and Awareness Building

4p) Is there a plaque at the property indicating that it is a designated World Heritage Site?

4q) Is the World Heritage Convention logo used on all of the publications for the property?

4r) Are there educational programs concerning the property's World Heritage values aimed at schools?

4r1) If YES, please briefly describe these programs.
Not Applicable

4s) Are there special events and exhibitions concerning the property's World Heritage values?

4s1) If YES, please briefly describe them.
Not Applicable

4t) Please briefly describe the facilities, visitor center, site museum, trails, guides and information material that are available to visitors to the World Heritage Site.
Monticello has two centers--one with an exhibition, gift shop, and theater, and the other with ticketing facilities. Monticello's Internet site (http://www.monticello.org/) provides interpretive and orientation information.

The University of Virginia has a visitor information center in the lower east oval room of the Rotunda, with various brochures and placards describing the history of the Academical Village. The University provides a guide service, lectures, and exhibitions for further interpretation at the site. The University's Internet site includes a section on the Academical Village with extensive information on the historic architecture of the property, http://www.virginia.edu/academicalvillage/index.html

4u) What role, if any, has the property's designation as a World Heritage Site played with respect to the education, information and awareness building activities described above? For example, has the World Heritage designation been used as a marketing, promotional, or educational tool?
Monticello and the University are proud of their WHS designation, and it is often mentioned in public presentations and publications.

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