Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. IDENTIFYING MAIN IDEAS ____ 1. Which of the following best describes the ideology of transcendentalists?
a. Humans are naturally bad. b. Individuals should rely on outward rituals and group worship. c. People’s lives have been predetermined by God. d. Humans should be self-reliant and act on their beliefs.
____ 2. Temperance societies worked to
a. eliminate the consumption of alcohol. b. reform education. c. end slavery. d. promote women’s suffrage.
____ 3. What happened to most utopian communities in the early 1800s?
a. They were dissolved by the federal government. b. They became permanent models of American democracy. c. They fell prey to crime, poverty, and disease. d. They fell victim to laziness, selfishness, and infighting.
____ 4. Abolitionists all agreed about
a. the importance of women’s participation. b. the need to work within the political system. c. what tactics to use in their struggle. d. the need to end slavery.
____ 5. What was the purpose of the gag rule?
a. to prevent the reading of antislavery petitions in Congress b. to stop the activities of temperance supporters c. to discredit the women’s rights movement d. to expose the Underground Railroad
____ 6. By working in reform movements, many women
a. received higher-paying jobs. b. gained experience in seeking social and political change. c. became powerful politicians. d. won the right to vote by the mid-1800s.
____ 7. Which reform movement caused the greatest tension between North and South?
a. the drive for temperance b. abolitionism c. women’s rights d. discrimination against immigrants
____ 8. Transcendentalists encouraged people to
a. involve themselves in reforming society. b. reject all social legislation. c. become less self-reliant. d. look to formal religions for profound truths.
____ 9. The American Colonization Society favored returning enslaved African Americans to Africa because of a belief that
a. African Americans desperately wanted to go there. b. American society would never allow African Americans equal treatment. c. leaders in Africa wanted enslaved Africans returned there. d. the United States should begin colonizing throughout the world.
____ 10. Supporters of the abolitionist movement were divided over
a. whether slavery should be ended in the United States. b. which enslaved African Americans should be freed. c. how great a role women should be allowed to take in the movement. d. whether they should urge people to take a pledge to practice abstinence.
a. passing the gag rule. b. establishing the Underground Railroad. c. abolishing utopian communities. d. promoting education for enslaved African Americans.
____ 12. The Seneca Falls Convention was important because it
a. united various antislavery societies into a single movement. b. petitioned Congress for a constitutional amendment for emancipation. c. established a public school system throughout the North. d. was the first women’s rights convention in American history.
____ 13. Most immigrants to the United States from 1820 to 1860 came from
a. Asia. b. Africa. c. northern Europe. d. the Caribbean.
____ 14. In the 1830s and 1840s, most southern whites
a. were beginning to oppose slavery. b. saw no need to reform their society. c. promoted prison and public school reforms. d. encouraged industrial development in the South.
____ 15. What message did Protestant revivalists preach in the early 1800s?
a. God places individuals in predetermined and rigid social ranks. b. The power of individuals is equal to the power of God. c. People are capable of shaping their own destinies. d. Society should encourage selfishness and sectional hatred.
____ 16. What was the impact of the temperance movement?
a. Most states raised taxes on gambling. b. Most states passed laws banning the manufacture and sale of alcohol. c. Alcohol consumption dropped dramatically. d. The Maine state government took over the sale of alcohol.
____ 17. What was the main goal of public education reformers?
a. to provide job training for the young b. to train the young to be informed, responsible citizens c. to teach young people to read the Bible d. to make public schools coeducational
____ 18. Why were utopian communities established?
a. to manufacture appliances b. to provide decent housing for low-income people c. to create places for the mentally ill to live and work d. to create places that were free from the ill effects of urban growth