I. The Road to the War of 1812

II. James Madison & the War of 1812

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II. James Madison & the War of 1812

  1. The War of 1812

  1. The U.S. was unprepared for war with England: refused to raise taxes, had a small army & government

  2. The early campaigns did not go well for the American army or navy

B. Key Battles & Strategies

1. The British unsuccessfully invaded the U.S. through Canada after the Battle of Plattsburg

  1. The British successfully attacked the Chesapeake, burned the capital, & bombed fort McHenry in Baltimore

  2. The U.S. won at the Battle of New Orleans after the war was over making Andrew Jackson a national hero

C. At the Hartford Convention in 1814, NE Federalists called for Constitutional changes to preserve their power:

1. Wanted to restrict Congressional war powers, limit the president to one term, & end the 3/5 compromise

2. The Federalists appeared disloyal & never recovered

III. Treaty of Ghent ended the War of 1812

A. The Treaty of Ghent (1814) did not address U.S. neutrality or British impressment

B. The effects of the war:

1. Ended British-Indian alliances in the west

2. Led Spain to sign the Adams-Onis Treary in 1819 (ceded Florida & redrew the southern U.S. border)

3. The Federalists were fatally wounded & never recovered

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The American Revolution & the War of 1812

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