I: The History of the Suffrage Movement

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I: The History of the Suffrage Movement

http://www.history.com/topics/the-fight-for-womens-suffrage - Read through this article about the history of women’s suffrage and answer the questions below.

  1. When did the campaign for women’s suffrage start?

  1. What is the “cult of true womanhood”?

  1. What significant event happened in 1848?

  1. What event caused the suffrage movement to lose steam?

  1. What did the founders of the National Woman Suffrage Association believe?

  1. What did the founders of the American Woman Suffrage Association believe?

  1. In 1890 the two groups merged into the National American Woman Suffrage Association. What was their new argument to gain the right to vote?

  1. Describe Carrie Chapman Catt’s “Winning Plan.”

  1. How did women finally get the right to vote?

II: Seneca Falls Declaration

http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/senecafalls.asp Read through the Seneca Falls Declaration and answer the questions below.

  1. What document is the Seneca Falls Declaration modeled off of?

  1. List some of the “injuries and usurpations” on the part of men over women.

III: Carrie Chapman Catt:

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/wilson/peopleevents/p_catt.html Read the quick bio on Carrie Chapman Catt and answer the questions below.

  1. Describe Catt as a suffragist – “she was not a firebrand, rather…”

  1. What was Catt’s strategy to get women the right to vote?

IV: Alice Paul:

http://www.alicepaul.org/alicepaul.htm - Read the bio on Alice Paul and answer the questions below.

  1. Where was Alice Paul introduced to women’s suffrage?

  1. Alice Paul was a Quaker. About which Quaker idea did she say “I never had any other idea…the principle was always there.”

  1. Alice Paul became a “militant suffragist” in England. List some of the things that she did in protest there.

  1. What job did Alice Paul get within NAWSA when she returned from England?

  1. What event did she organize to coincide with the inauguration of Woodrow Wilson as president? Why would she do that?

  1. After leaving NAWSA, what group did Alice Paul form?

  1. What are “Silent Sentinels” and what did they do?

  1. When women were arrested for “obstructing traffic” where were they sent? Describe the conditions there.

  1. Why did Woodrow Wilson change his position on women’s suffrage?

  1. The vote for ratification came down to Tennessee. Who was the deciding vote? Why did he vote yes?

  1. What else did Alice Paul work on after the 19th amendment was passed?

V: The Suffragists and WWI

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/wilson/portrait/wp_suffrage.html Read the article “Wilson – A Portrait” and answer the questions below.

  1. Why did American suffragists continue to picket the White House after WWI started?

  1. How did Woodrow Wilson act towards the protesters at first?

  1. What happened to the protesters as time went on?

  1. What did Wilson think of Alice Paul and the “militant suffragists”?

  1. Which group of suffragists did Woodrow Wilson listen to and finally speak out in favor of a suffrage amendment?

http://historywired.si.edu/detail.cfm?ID=492 – Read the article “Alice Paul and Women’s Suffrage Movement” and answer the questions.

  1. 2nd paragraph – Give two examples of signs carried by women protesting at the White House. Why would these have angered/upset Woodrow Wilson?

15-17th paragraphs:

  1. What kind of treatment did inmates at Occoquan Workhouse endure and what was the “night of terror”?

  1. What was Woodrow Wilsons’ reaction to the treatment of these prisoners? Did he know?

If needed, go back and look at your answers to help you think about these questions.

  • Does voting fit into the “cult of true womanhood”? How do you think people reacted to/treated early suffragists?

  • Do you think Alice Paul was justified in protesting during war time? Argue both sides!

  • Who do you think was more responsible for getting the 19th amendment passed – Carrie or Alice? Explain.

  • Explain the quote: “Deeds not words.”

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