I. S. D. Grade 7 – Texas History



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West Orange-Cove C.I.S.D.

Grade 7 – Texas History

Fifth Grading Period



Civil War & Reconstruction

Guiding Principles/Overall Understanding

Guiding Questions

  • Texas became involved in the Civil War for social, economic, and political reasons.

  • Reconstruction led to significant social, economic, and political changes in Texas.

  • The closing of the frontier affect Texas economically, socially, and politically

  • What were the issues that caused Texas to secede from the Union?

  • What was Texas’ contribution to the Civil War?

  • What were the effects of the Civil War and Reconstruction on Texas?

  • How did the cattle industry shape the history of Texas?

  • How did significant individuals and inventions affect Texas?

  • What factors led to the expansion of the Texas Frontier?



Knowledge & Skills with Student Expectations

Specificity & Examples

Suggested Resources

7.5 History. The student understands how events and issues shaped the history of Texas during the Civil War and Reconstruction. The student is expected to:

7.5(a) Explain reasons for the involvement of Texas in the Civil War such as states' rights, slavery, sectionalism, and tariffs.

What were the reasons for the involvement of Texas in the Civil War?

The United States experienced an ongoing sectional conflict over the expansion of slavery, sovereignty of states, and the different economic and social structures of the North and South.

Such as in Texas:


  • Slavery

  • States’ rights - Texans believed that states should be able to make their own political, economic and social decisions

  • Texans believed that slavery was vital to economy

  • Sectionalism- Many Texas settlers had come from Southern states

  • Texas was dependent on cotton farming – chief cash crop

  • Convention and voters decide to secede from the Union and join the Confederacy







Knowledge & Skills with Student Expectations

Specificity & Examples

Suggested Resources

7.5 History. The student understands how events and issues shaped the history of Texas during the Civil War and Reconstruction. The student is expected to:

7.5b Analyze the political, economic, and social effects of the Civil War and Reconstruction in Texas.

What were the political, economic, and social effects of the Civil War and Reconstruction in Texas?

Political Effects



  • 13th, 14th and 15thAmendments

  • Black codes/Jim Crow

Economic Effects

  • The increase of migration to Texas leads to more land owners, which leads to a need for farm labor which leads to the increase of sharecroppers and tenant farmers.



Social Effects

  • concern over future of freedmen

  • June 19th or Juneteenth celebrated by freed slaves

  • Freedmen’s Bureau established

  • KKK became features of Southern segregation

  • Immigration to Texas increased







7.5 History. The student understands how events and issues shaped the history of Texas during the Civil War and Reconstruction. The student is expected to:

7.5(c) Identify significant individuals and eventsconcerning Texas and the Civil War such as John Bell Hood, John Reagan, Francis Lubbock, Thomas Green, John Magruder and the Battle of Galveston, the Battle of Sabine Pass, and the Battle of Palmito Ranch.


How did the following people and events contribute to the Civil War and/or Reconstruction?

Significant Individuals:



  • John Bell Hood (parallels to Lee)

  • John Magruder

  • A. S. Johnston

Significant Events:

  • Battle of Galveston

  • Battle of Vicksburg




Knowledge & Skills with Student Expectations

Specificity & Examples

Suggested Resources

7.11 Geography. The student understands the characteristics, distribution, and migration of population in Texas in the 19th, 20th, and 21st centuries. The student is expected to:

7.11(a) Analyze why immigrant groups came to Texas and where they settled.


Why did immigrant groups come to Texas? Where did they settle?

Push and pull factors:

(Why came) drought, oppression, employment opportunities,

advertising

(Where settled) fertile land, role of rivers, climate,

Groups to be considered: Americans, Mexicans, other Europeans, African American, etc.







7.11 Geography. The student understands the characteristics, distribution, and migration of population in Texas in the 19th, 20th, and 21st centuries. The student is expected to:

7.11(b) Analyze how immigration and migration to Texas in the 19th, 20th, and 21st centuries have influenced Texas.


How has immigration and migration to Texas in the 21st century influenced Texas?





7.13 Economics. The student understands the interdependence of the Texas economy with the United States and the world. The student is expected to:

7.13(a) Analyze the impact of national and international markets and events on the production of goods and services in Texas such as agriculture, oil and gas, and computer technology.


What was the impact of national and international markets and events on the production of goods and services in Texas?

  • The Texas economy has profited from the world demand for cotton, beef and corn




Knowledge & Skills with Student Expectations

Specificity & Examples

Suggested Resources

7.20 Science, technology, and society. The student understands the impact of scientific discoveries and technological innovations on the political, economic, and social evelopment of Texas. The student is expected to:

7.20(d) Evaluate the effects of scientific discoveries and technological innovations on the use of resources such as fossil fuels, water, and land.

What were the effects of scientific discoveries and technological innovations on the use of resources?

  • Water – irrigation

  • Land – crop rotation







7.6 History. The student understands how individuals, events, and issues shaped the history of Texas from Reconstruction through the beginning of the 20th century. The student is expected to:

7.6A(a) Identify significant individuals, events, and issues from Reconstruction through the beginning of the 20th century, including the factors leading to the expansion of the Texas frontier, the effects of westward expansion on

American Indians, the buffalo soldiers, and Quanah Parker.



How did the following people and events affect the Texas

Frontier?

Individuals


  • Quanah Parker- a famous Comanche chief (may include Cynthia Ann Parker)

  • Buffalo Soldiers- African American Soldiers who fought the Apache

Events

  • Expansion of the Texas Frontier

Issues

  • Effect of westward expansion on American Indians




7.6 History. The student understands how individuals, events, and issues shaped the history of Texas from Reconstruction through the beginning of the 20th century. The student is expected to:

7.6(b) Identify significant individuals, events, and issues from Reconstruction through the beginning of the 20th century, including the development of the cattle industry from its Spanish beginnings and the myths and realities of the cowboy way of life’.

How did the development of the cattle industry effect Texas?

Cattle


  • open range

  • brought cash revenue to Texas and employed people

  • Spanish influence on ranching

  • Myths/realities of the cowboy way of life




Knowledge & Skills with Student Expectations

Specificity & Examples

Suggested Resources

7.6 History. The student understands how individuals, events, and issues shaped the history of Texas from Reconstruction through the beginning of the 20th century. The student is expected to:

7.6(c) Identify significant individuals, events, and issues from Reconstruction through the beginning of the 20th century, including the effects of the growth of railroads and the contributions of James Hogg.


How did the following shape the history of Texas?

  • James Hogg – popular governor who fought for railroad regulation and other reforms and populist issues



  • Growth of railroads




7.6 History. The student understands how individuals, events, and issues shaped the history of Texas from Reconstruction through the beginning of the 20th century. The student is expected to:

7.6(d) Explain the political, economic, and social impact of the agricultural industry and the development of West Texas resulting from the close of the frontier.

What was the political, economic, and social impact of the close of the frontier on the agricultural industry and the development of West Texas?



  • Social - Small ranchers lost economic independence; end of cowboy way of life



  • Economic - large landowners/ small ranches out of business






7.20 Science, technology, and society. The student understands the impact of scientific discoveries and technological innovations on the political, economic, and social development of Texas. The student is expected to:

7.20(d) Evaluate the effects of scientific discoveries and technological innovations on the use of resources such as fossil fuels, water, and land.


What are the effects of scientific discoveries and technological innovations on the use of resources?

  • Land – irrigation and windmills




Knowledge & Skills with Student Expectations

Specificity & Examples

Suggested Resources

7.20 Science, technology, and society. The student understands the impact of scientific discoveries and technological innovations on the political, economic, and social development of Texas. The student is expected to:

7.20(c) Analyze the effects of various scientific discoveries and technological innovations on the development of Texas such as advancements in the agricultural, energy, medical, computer, and aerospace industries.

What were the effects of barbed wire and windmills on the agricultural industry?

  • Barbed Wire – closed the open range and initiated the era of large cattle ranches in Texas

  • Windmills effect on west Texas






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