I. Questions of periodization A. Nature and causes of changes in the world history framework leading up to 600 C. E. – 1450 as a period



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Trans-Sahara trade

1. Ghana – “land of gold”

a. Dry savannah grasslands

b. Arab traders

1. Helped spread Islamic faith

2. Expanded knowledge of Africa

c. Economy regulated by monarchy

1. Gold production controlled

a. Overproduction caused value to decline

2. Exports

a. salt


b. gold

1. After 1200, Europe mints gold coins – value increases

2. Primary supplier of gold to world

c. honey


d. slaves

e. ivory


3. Imports – more useful metals

a. copper

b. horses

c. textiles

d. figs

e. iron


d. Absorbed by Mali

2. Mali


a. Dominant empire until 1350 CE

b. Already nominally Muslim, now greater numbers converted

c. Mansa Musa

a. Greatest of the Malian kings

b. Libraries and Islamic schools throughout kingdom

c. Mosques

d. Timbuktu – regional cultural center for West Africa, capital

e. 1324 Pilgrimage to Mecca

1. Entourage of 50,000, many adorned with gold

2. Wealth paraded fro thousands of miles

f. After 1350 provinces began to proclaim power, split up






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