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To create and have a Hydrogen Bomb is a task that only a real American can do. Who wants to be a passive victim of a nuclear war if a little effort allows you to become an active participant in the events? Those who sit in bomb shelters are losers. Do you want to sit in this crowd underground and chew canned food? Winners want to press the button themselves. The creation of a hydrogen bomb is a big step, a truly nuclear one, as they say, Edrit Her ...


The "heart" of a working hydrogen bomb is a working atomic bomb. All you have to do is combine the components so that when the atomic bomb detonates, it starts thermonuclear fusion.

Part I: How to Build the Bomb

Step 1: Get parts

Uranium is the main working substance of the atomic bomb. When the nuclei of uranium atoms split, they release a monstrous amount of energy (for their size) and emit neutrons that rupture other uranium nuclei, releasing even more energy, which is called a chain reaction. (When the nuclei split, matter turns into energy, in accordance with Einstein's formula E = MC2 What could be better than to celebrate his birthday with his personal atomic fireworks?)

There are two types (isotopes) of uranium: the rare U-235 used in bombs and the more common but useless U-238. Natural uranium contains less than 1 percent U-235. To be used in bombs, it must be "enriched" to 90% U-235 content.

Plutonium-239 could also be used in bombs instead of U-235. Five kilograms of U-235 (or a little less plutonium) is all that is needed for a bomb. Less than five kilograms will not allow you to create a critical mass. But the task of purifying or enriching natural uranium ore in this way can become an insoluble problem for you. It is incomparably easier to steal already enriched uranium or plutonium. "Stealing uranium" just sounds scary.

There are at least three sources of enriched uranium and plutonium.

Enriched uranium is produced at the gaseous diffusion plant in Portsmouth, Ohio. From there, the uranium is transported in 10-litre vessels by plane and truck to the refineries, where it is converted into uranium oxide and uranium metal. Each 10-liter container contains 7 kilograms of U-235, and each regular cargo contains 20 such containers.

There are processing plants in Hematite, Missouri; Apollo, Pennsylvania and Ervine, Tennessee. The Kerr-McGee plant in Crescent, Oklahoma, "lost" 20 kg of plutonium during reprocessing. Enriched uranium can be lost at these plants or nuclear fuel plants, as in New Haven, San Diego; Lynchburg, Virginia. (Former Kerr-McGee plant manager, James W. Smith, when asked about anti-theft measures at the plant, replied, “No measures. No, no security, no fencing, nothing.)

Plutonium is produced, for example, at United Nuclea in Rowling, New York; at Nuclea Fuel Services in Ervine, Tennessee; General Electric in Pleasanton, California; Westinghouse in Cheswick, Pennsylvania; Nuclea Materials and Equipment Corporation in Leechburg, Pennsylvania. As well as factories in Hannford, Washington and Morris, Illinois.

After all, you can steal enriched uranium or plutonium while they are being transported from enrichment plants to nuclear fuel fabrication plants. It is usually shipped in the form of uranium oxide (a brown powder similar to instant coffee) or in the form of small metal pieces (also called "broken buttons"). Any form of uranium is transported in small tin boxes, held together by 10 cm cylinders with forged legs inside conventional 200 liter tanks. These tanks are often labeled "Fissile Materials" or "Danger! Plutonium". Their delivery usually goes from the processing plant in Portsmouth, Ohio to the processing plant in Hematite, Missouri, from there to Kansas City by truck, from where the cargo can be delivered by air to Los Angeles and from there by truck to the General Atomic plant. in San Diego. Plans for the General Atomic plant are on file in the meeting room of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission, 1717 H Street NW, Washington. For the convenience of the public, there is also a copier.

If you can't get enriched uranium at all, get uranium enriched to commercial grade (20% U-235). It can be stolen from university reactors such as TRIGA Mark II, where the level of security is even lower than in commercial enterprises.
If you are too honest to steal, you can buy uranium. Unenriched uranium can be obtained from any chemical supply company for $23 per pound. Commercially enriched uranium (from 3% to 20%) for $40 per pound at Gulf Atomic. You will only have to enrich it. Frankly, this could be a big adventure for your f..n.o.o. To begin with, you need a little more than 25 kg of "commercial grade" uranium-235 (This is only 20% uranium-235 at best, despite the fact that you need 5 kg of uranium-235). On a small chemistry kitchen table, you should be ready to turn the solid uranium oxide you have purchased into liquid form. Once you have done this, you will need to separate the correct amount of uranium-235 from uranium-238.

First of all, pour about a dozen and a half liters of concentrated hydrofluoric or hydrofluoric acid into uranium oxide to turn it into uranium tetrafluoride. (Important note: Concentrated hydrofluoric acid is so caustic that it will eat through glass, so store it only in a plastic container. A plastic milk bottle will do.) Now we need to convert uranium tetrafluoride to hexafluoride, the gaseous form of uranium most convenient for separating uranium-235 isotopes from uranium-238.

To get hexafluoride, run fluorine into a container with uranium tetrafluoride. Fluorine is supplied in pressurized tanks by chemical firms. Be careful when using this gas because it is even more poisonous than chlorine, the classic WWI chemical warfare agent.

If you have done all this correctly, you have the right amount of hexafluoride to enrich it. In the old days, enrichment was achieved by running hexafluoride through thousands of kilometers of pipes, bushings and filters until the uranium-235 was sufficiently separated from the uranium-238. This gas-diffusion process, as it was called, is difficult, long and expensive. The gas diffusion plants cover hundreds of square meters and cost about $2 billion each.

First, turn the gas into a liquid by subjecting it to pressure. You can use a bicycle pump for this. Then make a simple home centrifuge. Fill a standard liter pail completely with uranium hexafluoride. Tie the handle of the bucket to a two-meter rope. Now twist the rope (and the bucket tied to it) over your head as fast as you can. Keep doing this for 45 minutes. Gradually slow down and then very carefully place the bucket on the floor. Uranium-235, which is lighter, will float to the surface where it will foam like a cream. Repeat this action until you have received the required 5 kg of uranium. (Important note: Do not put all of your enriched hexafluoride into one bucket. Use at least two or three buckets in different corners of the room. This will prevent critical mass from building up prematurely.)

Now is the time to convert your enriched uranium back into metallic form. This is easy to do by pouring a few scoops of calcium (available from pills at the pharmacy around the corner) into each bucket of uranium. The calcium will react with the uranium hexafluoride to form calcium fluoride, a colorless salt that separates easily from your highly enriched uranium.

A few caveats:

* As long as uranium is radioactive, it is not so dangerous that you need to protect yourself. But if you're planning on making more than one bomb, you'll need to wear gloves and a lead apron to be on the safe side—all of which you can buy from a dental equipment company.

* Plutonium is one of the most poisonous substances known today. Inhaling one thousandth of a gram can cause massive pulmonary fibrosis. Even a millionth gram in the lungs can cause cancer. If plutonium enters the stomach, it will act in the same way as calcium. It will go straight to the bone tissue, where it will emit alpha particles, preventing the bone marrow from producing red blood cells. The easiest way to avoid ingesting plutonium is to hold your breath whenever you hold it in your hands. This is if it is too difficult to wear a mask. To prevent plutonium from entering the body through the mouth, follow a simple rule: never make an atomic bomb on an empty stomach.

* If you are constantly sleepy at work or you just start to glow, in this case it would be nice to see the blood. Prick your finger with a sterile needle, put a drop of blood on the glass of the microscope, cover it with another glass and look under the microscope. (This is best done early in the morning) If you have leukemia, there are unformed blood cells in your blood stream, and your white blood cell count has usually increased (and should increase at least every 2 weeks). Red blood cells look a little smaller than white blood cells. Unformed red blood cells look like white blood cells. If you have more than 1 white blood cell (including unformed ones) per 400 red blood cells, then start worrying. But given your plans to use the bomb, a short lifespan can't be considered a problem.

Step 2: Assembling the Atomic Bomb

Now you have the necessary enriched uranium, it remains to assemble the atomic bomb. Find a pair of stainless steel ice cream bowls. You also need to split your 5 kg of uranium-235 into two pieces. (Keep them separate!) The idea is to stuff each half of your uranium into each bowl.

Take a piece of your uranium and hammer it into the first vase. Uranium is as malleable as gold, so you shouldn't have a problem with this - hit it with a hammer so that it evenly fills the inside of the vase. Take the second 2.5 kg piece of uranium and place it in another vase in the same way. These two vases of uranium-235, which make up the "critical mass", when compressed sharply and strongly, form a critical mass that launches an atomic bomb. Keep them at a reasonable distance from each other as you don't need critical mass just yet. For now, but not really.

Now loosen the body of the vacuum cleaner and place the hemispherical ice cream vases “facing” each other, at a distance of about 15 cm. Use adhesive tape to securely fix each of the vases in place. Why stainless steel vases and a vacuum cleaner? You may be surprised, but this will help to reflect neutrons into the uranium for a more effective explosion. “A lost neutron is a useless neutron,” as the pioneers of the atomic bomb used to say.

The atomic bomb as it is is almost ready. The final task is to make sure that the two hemispheres of uranium-235 can compress one another with enough force to set off an effective chain reaction. Any type of explosive will work for this. Gunpowder, for example, is easy to make at home using sodium nitrate, sulfur, and charcoal. Or you can take some dynamite (buy it or steal it from the warehouse). The best type of explosive is plastic C4. You can wrap ice cream bowls with it and work safely with it. (But it's best to wrap it around some other ice cream bowls in the other room first, and THEN put it on top of the uranium bowls. This is especially important in winter, when there is a lot of static electricity that can affect C4. Responsible bombmakers put themselves in rule of not accidentally blowing up more houses in the neighborhood than necessary)

Then, when the explosives are in place, all you have to do is install a detonator, a couple of batteries, a switch and a cord. Just remember that both charges must explode at the same time.

Now put everything in the case from the old vacuum cleaner and you are part of the job done.

Step 3: Make atomic bombs according to previous directions

A few words about waste

After your atomic bomb is assembled, you will be left with a pile of medium radioactive waste, such as uranium-238. They are not dangerous, but you would like to get rid of them. (Don't be afraid to litter the ocean, there's enough radioactive waste out there already, so a couple of pails won't make much of a difference.) If you're the squeamish type - the kind who never throws gum under a chair during a movie show - you can put your waste in coffee cans and bury it in your backyard. If the neighborhood kids are on the slide or have a pool there, tell them to frolic over the waste. And you will see soon they will spend most of their free time in bed.

Higher and higher

If you're like us, you need economical solutions and want to make your bomb using as cheap methods as possible, of course with enough power. By following the method we have given you, you can create a hydrogen bomb without putting too much strain on your home budget. Without pomp and frills. This is a simple 5-megaton bomb, which is enough to burn out the area occupied by downtown New York, San Francisco or Boston. But remember, your H-bomb is only as good as the atomic bombs inside it.

If you want to spend a little more money, you can upgrade your atomic bombs a bit. For example, instead of manually separating uranium isotopes, you can buy an industrial centrifuge (Fisher Scientific sells one for $1,000). You can also take a closer look at the design. The bomb that was dropped on Hiroshima was rather imperfect - only 1% of all uranium reacted in it, and therefore its yield was only 13 kilotons. In order for more uranium to react, the force of the explosion of your "starters" must be distributed throughout the uranium sphere. The pressure at each point of the sphere must be equal. (The US government blamed Julius and Ethel Rosenberg for stealing the technology used in the atomic bomb.)

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