I. Colonial Time 1607 1775


VIII. Agricultural and Industrial America 1865 – 1900



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VIII. Agricultural and Industrial America 1865 – 1900

1. A number of writers and reformers in the period 1865-1914 discussed the growing

gap between wealth and poverty in the United States. Compare and contrast THREE

of the following authors’ explanations for this condition and their proposal for

dealing with it.

Henry George : Progress and Poverty

Edward Bellamy: Looking Backwards

Andrew Carnegie: The Gospel of Wealth

William Graham Sumner: What Social Classes Owe to Each Other

Upton Sinclair: The Jungle


2. Andrew Carnegie has been viewed by some historians as the “prime representative of

the industrial age” and by others as “an industrial leader atypical of the period.

Assess the validity of these views. (86)
3. The path to labor organization was marked by false starts and wrong moves. Assess

the validity of this generalization for the period 1865 – 1900. (77)


4. Popular fascination with the cowboy, the pioneer, and stories of Horatio Alger in the

period 1870 to 1915 reflected America’s uneasiness of transition from an agrarian to

an industrial society. Assess the validity of this statement. (87)

5. Ironically, popular belief in the “self-sufficient farmer” and the “self-made man”

increased during the nineteenth century as the reality behind these beliefs faded.

Assess the validity of this statement. (79)


6. Compare and contrast the attitudes of THREE of the following toward the wealth

that was created in the United States during the late nineteenth century.

Andrew Carnegie Horatio Alger Ida M. Tarbell

Eugene V. Debs Booker T. Washington (94)


7. Although the economic development of the Tans-Mississippi West is popularly

associated with hardy individualism, it was in fact largely dependent on the federal

government. Assess the validity of this statement with specific reference to western

economic activities in the nineteenth century. (91)


8. Analyze the impact of any TWO of the following on the American industrial worker

between 1865 and 1900.

Government actions Labor Unions

Immigration Technology changes (98)







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